The countries you can travel to without a vaccine

By Abigail Malbon

The 28 most popular countries you can travel to without a vaccine

Travel around the world is easier now, particularly for those who are fully vaccinated with an approved Covid vaccine – but some countries are allowing unvaccinated travellers to enter. Yet with restrictions constantly changing, how do the latest rules affect those who aren't fully vaccinated, and which countries are allowing tourists to enter if they're unvaccinated?

Where can I travel unvaccinated?

There are currently a number of countries that will allow visitors who have not been vaccinated to enter. A few of them are in Europe , and the others are slightly farther afield. We recommend always closely following UK health guidance, including having your Covid vaccine and booster if you are able to. Before travelling, you should regularly check government guidelines both for the country you might be considering visiting and for the UK when you return.

You can find the full list of countries allowing people to enter without a vaccine below:

Since 1 May 2022, unvaccinated travellers are able to visit the country without proof of a negative PCR or rapid antigen test. Passenger locator forms are also no longer required.

Arrivals may, however, be required to undergo a rapid Covid test on arrival. If you test positive on arrival in Greece, you (and those you are travelling with) will have to self-isolate for at least five days, either at home or in a hotel (this will be paid for by the Greek state). If you have no symptoms on day five you will be allowed to leave quarantine.

For holiday inspiration, see our guide to the best Greek Islands to visit .

Read the rules on travel to Greece .

2. Portugal and Madeira

Portugal ’s mainland and Madeira are open to travellers who have not been vaccinated, as long as they can prove they don't have coronavirus when they enter the country. To enter mainland Portugal, you will be required to show proof of a negative PCR test taken within 72 or an antigen test taken within 24 hours of departure for the country as well as complete and submit a traveller questionnaire before departure for the country. Self-administered tests are not accepted. Your temperature will also be screened on arrival.

To enter Madeira, you must register on the Madeira Safe travellers platform and download a QR code to present to airport staff on arrival. You must provide proof of a negative antigen test taken within 48 hours of departure that has been administered by a trained healthcare professional.

Your airline may deny boarding if you cannot show one of these documents when you check in for your flight. Check with your airline before you travel.

Read the rules on travel to Portugal .

A blue mind

Unvaccinated adult travellers can enter Spain if they are able to show proof of a negative test taken before entering the country. Previously, only fully vaccinated travellers aged 12 and over could enter Spain from the UK, but the destination has relaxed rules slightly, so it is now accepting negative PCR tests taken in the 72 hours before departure for the country or negative antigen tests taken in the 24 hours before departure for the country in lieu of full vaccination in adults. However, those who cannot meet either criteria will not be able to enter.

As of 1 February, you need to have received your second jab between 14 and 270 days before travel to Spain and the Canary Islands to be classed as fully vaccinated. Children aged 12-17 no longer need to show proof of a vaccine, but will need a negative PCR test to enter.

Read the rules on travel to Spain .

Unvaccinated travellers can enter Croatia without showing proof of a vaccine or negative test. The requirement to fill out a passenger locator form also no longer exists.

Read the rules on travel to Croatia .

Unvaccinated travellers to  Cyprus  must provide proof of a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours before departure for the country or an antigen test taken in the 24 hours before departure for the country. Travellers over 12 may then be asked to take another PCR test upon arrival at Larnaca or Paphos airports, and remain in isolation until the result comes back (this should take roughly three hours). This costs €15–€19 and must be paid for by the traveller.

Read the rules on travel to Cyprus .

If you are unvaccinated and over 12 years old, you must provide a negative PCR test result taken within 72 hours or an antigen test result taken within 48 hours pre-departure for entry to France.

Read the rules on travel to France .

7. Maldives

All travellers to the Maldives must fill in a Traveller Declaration form in the 72 hours prior to departure. A PCR test is no longer required regardless of vaccination status.

Read the rules on travel to the Maldives .

Unvaccinated tourists entering Italy from the UK must show a negative PCR test taken within 48 hours before entering, or a negative lateral flow test taken within 48 hours before entering. The requirement to fill in a passenger locator form has now been lifted.

Read the rules on travel to Italy .

9. Dubai and United Arab Emirates

You do not have to be fully vaccinated to visit the UAE. Unvaccinated arrivals to the Emirates must present evidence of a negative PCR test taken 48 hours before departure. Unvaccinated travellers from the UK to Dubai may be required to have a Covid-19 PCR test on arrival.

Read the rules on travel to Dubai .

10. Slovenia

Unvaccinated British travellers to Slovenia must provide a Digital Passenger Locator Form, but are not required to show proof of a negative test or vaccination to enter.

You do not need to be fully vaccinated to visit Turkey, but you must be able to show proof of a negative PCR test (taken no more than 72 hours before entry), rapid antigen test (taken no more than 48 hours before entry), or proof of a recent recovery from Covid-19 within the last six months. Arrivals into the country should also show an online form completed 72 hours before travel and will be subject to a medical evaluation for symptoms of coronavirus, including temperature checks. Arrivals may be subject to random PCR testing on arrival.

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You must wear a face mask at all times while in an airport and for the duration of all flights, to and from Turkey.

Read the rules on travel to Turkey .

Mexico  does not currently require visitors to show a negative PCR test or quarantine on arrival. Resorts are also able to request guests fill in a health questionnaire on arrival.

Read the rules on travel to Mexico .

13. Ireland

If you are travelling to Ireland as of Sunday 6 March 2022, you do not need to show any proof of vaccination, proof of recovery, negative test or passenger locator form.

Read the rules on travel to Ireland .

As of Friday 1 April 2022, UK travellers visiting Sweden are no longer required to present a negative Covid-19 test or proof of vaccination.

15. Seychelles

Travellers are able to enter Seychelles regardless of vaccination status, but must present a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours prior to departure for the country or a rapid antigen test done within 24 hours. There is no requirement to quarantine on arrival, but travellers must stay in approved accommodation.

16. Bahamas

Unvaccinated travellers aged 12 and over must show a negative PCR test taken no more than 72 hours prior to the date of arrival to The Bahamas. All visitors of any age must submit a Bahamas Travel Health Visa Trip application. Seventeen-year-olds and under must be included in a parent or guardian’s profile.

All travellers to Egypt must complete a declaration form before entering the country. Unvaccinated travellers are required to show either a negative PCR test, taken no more than 72 hours before arrival in Egypt, or a rapid antigen test. Proof of Covid-19 recovery will not be accepted.

18. Cape Verde

You do not need to be fully vaccinated to enter Cape Verde, but you do need to be able to prove that you don't have Covid, either with a negative PCR test taken 72 hours before departure for the country or a lateral flow test taken 48 hours, when you check-in for your flight to Cape Verde.

19. Iceland

On 25 February 2022 all Covid restrictions were removed, including domestic rules. This means you do not need to test or show proof of vaccination status to enter the country.

20. Luxembourg

All travellers to Luxembourg need to fill in a passenger locator form before their flight. Those who are not vaccinated need to show proof of a negative PCR test taken no more than 48 hours before their flight, or a negative lateral flow test taken no more than 24 hours before. If you’re not fully vaccinated but have tested positive for Covid in the last year you can show proof of recovery to enter.

The travel restrictions upon entry into Norway have been lifted, which means that the same rules as before the pandemic now apply.

Read the rules on travel to Norway .

22. Sri Lanka

Covid travel insurance is mandatory for all visitors, and unvaccinated travellers need to show proof of a negative PCR test taken no more than 72 hours before their flight, or a negative lateral flow test taken no more than 48 hours before – be aware that self-swab tests are not recognised.

23. South Africa

Travellers to South Africa must present proof of a negative PCR test taken no more than 72 hours before departure for the country. You may be screened on arrival.

Read the rules on travel to South Africa .

Unvaccinated travellers to Belize must present a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours before arrival, or a negative antigen test taken in the 48 hours before arrival. You may also opt to take a rapid test at the airport, at a cost of BZ$100 or US$50 (which must be paid in cash). If you test positive, you will be required to quarantine at your own cost. Foreign tourists are required to pay BZ$36 (US$18) for Belize Travel Health Insurance – this is mandatory even if you already have personal travel insurance and helps protect against incurred medical and non-medical expenses should you test positive for Covid during your stay in Belize.

There are no direct flights from the UK to Belize, so it's important to check the rules of the country you will be transiting through too.

25. Costa Rica

Since 1 April 2022 there have been no requirements for entry to Costa Rica in regards to coronavirus. However, the government acknowledges that these may be brought back at short notice, in which case travellers should always check guidance before their trip.

Since 6 April 2022, there have been no requirements for travellers from the UK to show either a Covid vaccination or Covid test when entering Cuba. However, random testing is still being carried out at airports, and anyone who tests positive will be moved to quarantine in a designated government health centre, at their own expense.

27. Denmark

There are no Covid-related requirements regarding test or self-isolation when entering Denmark.

Read the rules on travel to Denmark .

You do not need to show proof of vaccination to enter Monaco, however travellers over the age of 16 who are not fully vaccinated will need to provide either a negative result of a PCR or antigen test taken within the last 24 hours, or a certificate showing proof of recovery from Covid-19 (a positive PCR or antigen test, taken more than 11 days before arrival and within the last six months).

Do I have to quarantine when returning to the UK?

No. On 18 March 2022 all Covid travel rules within the UK were removed – which means that travellers do not need to test, quarantine or even fill in a passenger locator form , regardless of their vaccination status, upon return to the country.

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Table of Contents

Domestic travel for unvaccinated travelers

International travel for unvaccinated travelers, final thoughts on traveling without a covid vaccine.

Between constantly changing entry requirements, mandated quarantines, testing rules and vaccine provisions, traveling during the COVID-19 pandemic isn’t easy. If you’re not vaccinated, it's even harder. Some countries flat-out don’t admit unvaccinated travelers, while others require a mandatory quarantine and extra tests.

If you plan on traveling and aren't vaccinated, here’s what you need to know.

As recently as Jan. 12, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention continues to recommend delaying travel until you’re fully vaccinated.

Requirements are up to each city and state. For example, while Illinois doesn’t have statewide restrictions, its recommendations differ based on the daily COVID-19 case rates of the state the traveler is arriving from. Unvaccinated travelers arriving from states with higher case rates are encouraged to secure a negative COVID-19 test taken within 72 hours of travel to Illinois. At the city level, unvaccinated travelers going to Chicago are asked to get tested for COVID-19 before and after arrival and to quarantine upon arrival.

Meanwhile, all travelers 16 and older who enter California via Los Angeles International Airport, Van Nuys Airport or Los Angeles Union Station are required to fill out a City of Los Angeles Traveler Form, agreeing to follow CDC travel guidance — or face up to a $500 fine.

Other states may be more flexible and have no recommendations or requirements related to vaccination, quarantine, forms or testing for visitors.

Tips for traveling domestically without a vaccine

If the required time frame for getting a COVID-19 test ahead of travel is less than 24 hours, check if an urgent care center near you offers a rapid results option. In addition, check if a PCR and/or antigen test will be accepted. Generally, results from an antigen test can be provided faster. If you have insurance, the test may be covered.

Before heading to your intended destination, check the city and state requirements and recommendations, because they may differ (like Chicago and Illinois). Find out if your destination has any special requirements based on the state you’re arriving from.

Some businesses require proof of vaccination for entry. Be prepared to be turned away from restaurants, bars, stores and other establishments if this is the case.

Check if there are any ongoing testing requirements. For example, unvaccinated travelers staying in Puerto Rico longer than a week must submit weekly COVID-19 test results.

» Learn more: The majority of Americans plan to travel this year, according to recent NerdWallet study

Traveling internationally may present a greater number of obstacles, especially due to different systems and a potential language barrier. Some countries don't allow unvaccinated travelers to enter, period . For example, travel to the majority of European countries is possible only to those who are vaccinated. If you’re not vaccinated, make sure the country you want to visit will allow you entry.

In addition, before returning to the U.S., you’re required to provide proof of a negative COVID-19 test taken within one day of the flight's departure. While abroad, you’ll need to go to a COVID-19 testing center. Unlike getting tested in the U.S., COVID-19 tests abroad aren't covered by insurance, so you'll need to budget for the out-of-pocket cost .

Furthermore, you should book your accommodations wisely. Does the hotel you want to stay at allow unvaccinated guests? Will you be able to dine at the hotel restaurant? Can you use the spa or gym facilities? These are important questions you’ll need to consider before booking an international hotel stay.

Scrutinize your access to activities and other places you’d like to visit during your trip, too, like restaurants and museums. On my recent trip to Germany, I had to show my proof of vaccination and identification in every bar, restaurant, shop and hotel I entered.

If you’re unvaccinated, you may be refused entry to all these places, which can ruin your trip.

Tips for traveling internationally without a vaccine

Get travel insurance with Cancel For Any Reason coverage since entry requirements are changing constantly. What happens if you book a nonrefundable flight and hotel, and a week before your departure, your destination stops allowing in unvaccinated travelers? If you have travel insurance with CFAR, you’ll be able to cancel your trip and get your nonrefundable deposits back so long as changes aren’t made at the last minute. For example, with CFAR coverage from Berkshire Hathaway Travel Protection, "you may only be eligible if you purchase CFAR at the time of your base policy purchase, insure your full trip cost, and cancel more than 48 hours prior to departure," according to the company's website.

Confirm entry eligibility for your must-have experiences, like restaurants, museums, shopping malls or bars and clubs. Double-check that your hotel will allow you entry as well.

Research COVID-19 testing sites in the area before departure. Will you need to travel far to get your test? Consider travel time when making a test appointment.

Check if there's an app that your destination country uses that will accept your pre-departure negative COVID-19 test result. This step could make it easier to visit any bars, hotels, shops, restaurants and museums you’d like to check out.

Traveling domestically and internationally may pose a new set of challenges for those who are unvaccinated. Be sure to keep up to date with the latest requirements to make sure that your trip goes smoothly. International travel may result in many more difficulties, so if you’re not prepared to deal with all the uncertainties of being abroad, consider travel to a location within the U.S.

How to maximize your rewards

You want a travel credit card that prioritizes what’s important to you. Here are our picks for the best travel credit cards of 2023 , including those best for:

Flexibility, point transfers and a large bonus: Chase Sapphire Preferred® Card

No annual fee:   Bank of America® Travel Rewards credit card

Flat-rate travel rewards:  Capital One Venture Rewards Credit Card  

Bonus travel rewards and high-end perks: Chase Sapphire Reserve®

Luxury perks: The Platinum Card® from American Express

Business travelers: Ink Business Preferred® Credit Card

Chase Sapphire Preferred Credit Card

on Chase's website

1x-5x Enjoy benefits such as a $50 annual Ultimate Rewards Hotel Credit, 5x on travel purchased through Chase Ultimate Rewards®, 3x on dining and 2x on all other travel purchases, plus more.

60,000 Earn 60,000 bonus points after you spend $4,000 on purchases in the first 3 months from account opening. That's $750 toward travel when you redeem through Chase Ultimate Rewards®.

Chase Freedom Unlimited Credit Card

1.5%-6.5% Enjoy 6.5% cash back on travel purchased through Chase Ultimate Rewards®; 4.5% cash back on drugstore purchases and dining at restaurants, including takeout and eligible delivery service, and 3% on all other purchases (on up to $20,000 spent in the first year). After your first year or $20,000 spent, enjoy 5% cash back on Chase travel purchased through Ultimate Rewards®, 3% cash back on drugstore purchases and dining at restaurants, including takeout and eligible delivery service, and unlimited 1.5% cash back on all other purchases.

$300 Earn an additional 1.5% cash back on everything you buy (on up to $20,000 spent in the first year) - worth up to $300 cash back!

Capital One Venture Rewards Credit Card

on Capital One's website

2x-5x Earn unlimited 2X miles on every purchase, every day. Earn 5X miles on hotels and rental cars booked through Capital One Travel, where you'll get Capital One's best prices on thousands of trip options.

75,000 Enjoy a one-time bonus of 75,000 miles once you spend $4,000 on purchases within 3 months from account opening, equal to $750 in travel.

travel list for unvaccinated

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Where can I travel without a vaccine?

travel list for unvaccinated

Friday February 3 2023, 09:00am

The travel landscape couldn’t look more different in 2023 compared to three years ago when borders were beginning to shut. Many countries have since relaxed their Covid-related travel restrictions, dropping the requirements for pre-departure testing and quarantine on arrival. But not everywhere has returned to normal — some countries still continue to ban travellers who aren’t fully vaccinated, including the USA. Fortunately there are lots of alternative destinations that welcome visitors regardless. Here are the countries that don’t require Covid vaccinations for travel.

Main photo: Oia village in Santorini (Getty Images)

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If you are not fully vaccinated, you still have plenty of options when it comes to holiday destinations. However, you may in some cases need to take a Covid test before travel and/or on arrival. A period of quarantine — either in an accommodation of your choice or at a government facility — may also be mandatory. Some destinations will allow you to get around these extra requirements by showing proof of recent recovery from Covid, or a medical exemption from getting vaccinated. 

It’s always worth checking before you travel as restrictions between different countries can vary significantly.

Traveller on airplane wearing mask due to Covid-19

Which countries allow unvaccinated travellers? 

The countries and territories below are open to unvaccinated travellers from the UK for tourism purposes, without the need to quarantine. You don’t need to be a resident or citizen, or have recently recovered from Covid. You may however need to show negative results from a recent Covid test.

These restrictions can change at any time so do double check before you travel and ensure you have comprehensive travel insurance .

  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Aruba 

The harbour in Belize City, perfect for an unvaccinated holiday

  • Bonaire/St Eustatius/Saba
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • British Virgin Islands
  • Cayman Islands
  • Côte d’Ivoire
  • Croatia  
  • Cuba  
  • Cyprus  
  • Czech Republic
  • El Salvador  
  • Falkland Islands
  • French Guiana
  • French Polynesia
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Ivory Coast

You don't need to have a Covid vaccine to travel to Kazakhstan

  • Kenya  
  • Liechtenstein
  • Monaco  
  • Mozambique  
  • New Caledonia
  • North Macedonia
  • Oman  
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Panama  
  • Russia (FCDO warning)
  • São Tomé and Príncipe
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Sierra Leone
  • Singapore (restrictions apply)
  • St Helena and Ascension (but not Tristan da Cunha)
  • St Kitts and Nevis
  • St Lucia  
  • St Martin and St Barthélemy
  • St Pierre and Miquelon
  • St Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Ukraine (FCDO warning)
  • United Arab Emirates (including Abu Dhabi and Dubai )
  • Wallis and Futuna
  • Western Sahara
  • Yemen (FCDO warning)

Zambia allows unvaccinated travellers to enter

What does fully vaccinated mean?

Fully vaccinated could mean the initial course of two jabs, or three jabs including a booster. There are a number of countries that put an expiry on the initial course of jabs, so if you were vaccinated more than 270 days (nine months) ago, you will need a booster. Check the entry requirements of your destination country for more information.

What are the travel rules for returning to the UK if I’m unvaccinated?

There are no Covid requirements for inbound travellers to the UK.

  • Can I travel to Spain? The entry requirements explained
  • Which countries have no Covid travel restrictions?
  • Where can I travel to with unvaccinated children?
  • Can I travel to Mexico? The entry requirements explained
  • Can I travel to Portugal? The entry requirements explained

Take me there

Inspired to book a holiday?

• Discover holidays to the Bahamas • Discover holidays to Cape Verde • Discover holidays to Costa Rica • Discover holidays to Croatia • Discover holidays to Cyprus • Discover holidays to Dominican Republic • Discover holidays to Egypt • Discover holidays to Greece • Discover holidays to Italy • Discover holidays to Mexico • Discover holidays to the Seychelles • Discover holidays to Spain • Discover holidays to Sri Lanka • Discover holidays to Turkey

And here are the best packages from Tui holidays and BA Holidays .

travel list for unvaccinated

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  • COVID-19 travel advice

Considering travel during the pandemic? Take precautions to protect yourself from COVID-19.

A coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine can prevent you from getting COVID-19 or from becoming seriously ill due to COVID-19 . But even if you're vaccinated, it's still a good idea to take precautions to protect yourself and others while traveling during the COVID-19 pandemic.

If you've had all recommended COVID-19 vaccine doses, including boosters, you're less likely to become seriously ill or spread COVID-19 . You can then travel more safely within the U.S. and internationally. But international travel can still increase your risk of getting new COVID-19 variants.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that you should avoid travel until you've had all recommended COVID-19 vaccine and booster doses.

Before you travel

As you think about making travel plans, consider these questions:

  • Have you been vaccinated against COVID-19 ? If you haven't, get vaccinated. If the vaccine requires two doses, wait two weeks after getting your second vaccine dose to travel. If the vaccine requires one dose, wait two weeks after getting the vaccine to travel. It takes time for your body to build protection after any vaccination.
  • Have you had any booster doses? Having all recommended COVID-19 vaccine doses, including boosters, increases your protection from serious illness.
  • Are you at increased risk for severe illness? Anyone can get COVID-19 . But older adults and people of any age with certain medical conditions are at increased risk for severe illness from COVID-19 .
  • Do you live with someone who's at increased risk for severe illness? If you get infected while traveling, you can spread the COVID-19 virus to the people you live with when you return, even if you don't have symptoms.
  • Does your home or destination have requirements or restrictions for travelers? Even if you've had all recommended vaccine doses, you must follow local, state and federal testing and travel rules.

Check local requirements, restrictions and situations

Some state, local and territorial governments have requirements, such as requiring people to wear masks, get tested, be vaccinated or stay isolated for a period of time after arrival. Before you go, check for requirements at your destination and anywhere you might stop along the way.

Keep in mind these can change often and quickly depending on local conditions. It's also important to understand that the COVID-19 situation, such as the level of spread and presence of variants, varies in each country. Check back for updates as your trip gets closer.

Travel and testing

For vaccinated people.

If you have been fully vaccinated, the CDC states that you don't need to get tested before or after your trip within the U.S. or stay home (quarantine) after you return.

If you're planning to travel internationally outside the U.S., the CDC states you don't need to get tested before your trip unless it's required at your destination. Before arriving to the U.S., you need a negative test within the last day before your arrival or a record of recovery from COVID-19 in the last three months.

After you arrive in the U.S., the CDC recommends getting tested with a viral test 3 to 5 days after your trip. If you're traveling to the U.S. and you aren't a citizen, you need to be fully vaccinated and have proof of vaccination.

You don't need to quarantine when you arrive in the U.S. But check for any symptoms. Stay at home if you develop symptoms.

For unvaccinated people

Testing before and after travel can lower the risk of spreading the virus that causes COVID-19 . If you haven't been vaccinated, the CDC recommends getting a viral test within three days before your trip. Delay travel if you're waiting for test results. Keep a copy of your results with you when you travel.

Repeat the test 3 to 5 days after your trip. Stay home for five days after travel.

If at any point you test positive for the virus that causes COVID-19 , stay home. Stay at home and away from others if you develop symptoms. Follow public health recommendations.

Stay safe when you travel

In the U.S., you must wear a face mask on planes, buses, trains and other forms of public transportation. The mask must fit snugly and cover both your mouth and nose.

Follow these steps to protect yourself and others when you travel:

  • Get vaccinated.
  • Keep distance between yourself and others (within about 6 feet, or 2 meters) when you're in indoor public spaces if you're not fully vaccinated. This is especially important if you have a higher risk of serious illness.
  • Avoid contact with anyone who is sick or has symptoms.
  • Avoid crowds and indoor places that have poor air flow (ventilation).
  • Don't touch frequently touched surfaces, such as handrails, elevator buttons and kiosks. If you must touch these surfaces, use hand sanitizer or wash your hands afterward.
  • Wear a face mask in indoor public spaces. The CDC recommends wearing the most protective mask possible that you'll wear regularly and that fits. If you are in an area with a high number of new COVID-19 cases, wear a mask in indoor public places and outdoors in crowded areas or when you're in close contact with people who aren't vaccinated.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.
  • Cover coughs and sneezes.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • If soap and water aren't available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. Cover all surfaces of your hands and rub your hands together until they feel dry.
  • Don't eat or drink on public transportation. That way you can keep your mask on the whole time.

Because of the high air flow and air filter efficiency on airplanes, most viruses such as the COVID-19 virus don't spread easily on flights. Wearing masks on planes has likely helped lower the risk of getting the COVID-19 virus on flights too.

However, air travel involves spending time in security lines and airport terminals, which can bring you in close contact with other people. Getting vaccinated and wearing a mask when traveling can help protect you from COVID-19 while traveling.

The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) has increased cleaning and disinfecting of surfaces and equipment, including bins, at screening checkpoints. TSA has also made changes to the screening process:

  • Travelers must wear masks during screening. However, TSA employees may ask travelers to adjust masks for identification purposes.
  • Travelers should keep a distance of 6 feet apart from other travelers when possible.
  • Instead of handing boarding passes to TSA officers, travelers should place passes (paper or electronic) directly on the scanner and then hold them up for inspection.
  • Each traveler may have one container of hand sanitizer up to 12 ounces (about 350 milliliters) in a carry-on bag. These containers will need to be taken out for screening.
  • Personal items such as keys, wallets and phones should be placed in carry-on bags instead of bins. This reduces the handling of these items during screening.
  • Food items should be carried in a plastic bag and placed in a bin for screening. Separating food from carry-on bags lessens the likelihood that screeners will need to open bags for inspection.

Be sure to wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds directly before and after going through screening.

Public transportation

If you travel by bus or train and you aren't vaccinated, be aware that sitting or standing within 6 feet (2 meters) of others for a long period can put you at higher risk of getting or spreading COVID-19 . Follow the precautions described above for protecting yourself during travel.

Even if you fly, you may need transportation once you arrive at your destination. You can search car rental options and their cleaning policies on the internet. If you plan to stay at a hotel, check into shuttle service availability.

If you'll be using public transportation and you aren't vaccinated, continue physical distancing and wearing a mask after reaching your destination.

Hotels and other lodging

The hotel industry knows that travelers are concerned about COVID-19 and safety. Check any major hotel's website for information about how it's protecting guests and staff. Some best practices include:

  • Enhanced cleaning procedures
  • Physical distancing recommendations indoors for people who aren't vaccinated
  • Mask-wearing and regular hand-washing by staff
  • Mask-wearing indoors for guests in public places in areas that have high cases of COVID-19
  • Vaccine recommendations for staff
  • Isolation and testing guidelines for staff who've been exposed to COVID-19
  • Contactless payment
  • Set of rules in case a guest becomes ill, such as closing the room for cleaning and disinfecting
  • Indoor air quality measures, such as regular system and air filter maintenance, and suggestions to add air cleaners that can filter viruses and bacteria from the air

Vacation rentals, too, are enhancing their cleaning procedures. They're committed to following public health guidelines, such as using masks and gloves when cleaning, and building in a waiting period between guests.

Make a packing list

When it's time to pack for your trip, grab any medications you may need on your trip and these essential safe-travel supplies:

  • Alcohol-based hand sanitizer (at least 60% alcohol)
  • Disinfectant wipes (at least 70% alcohol)
  • Thermometer

Considerations for people at increased risk

Anyone can get very ill from the virus that causes COVID-19 . But older adults and people of any age with certain medical conditions are at increased risk for severe illness. This may include people with cancer, serious heart problems and a weakened immune system. Getting the recommended COVID-19 vaccine and booster doses can help lower your risk of being severely ill from COVID-19 .

Travel increases your chance of getting and spreading COVID-19 . If you're unvaccinated, staying home is the best way to protect yourself and others from COVID-19 . If you must travel and aren't vaccinated, talk with your health care provider and ask about any additional precautions you may need to take.

Remember safety first

Even the most detailed and organized plans may need to be set aside when someone gets ill. Stay home if you or any of your travel companions:

  • Have signs or symptoms, are sick or think you have COVID-19
  • Are waiting for results of a COVID-19 test
  • Have been diagnosed with COVID-19
  • Have had close contact with someone with COVID-19 in the past five days and you're not up to date with your COVID-19 vaccines

If you've had close contact with someone with COVID-19 , get tested after at least five days. Wait to travel until you have a negative test. Wear a mask if you travel up to 10 days after you've had close contact with someone with COVID-19 .

  • How to protect yourself and others. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/prevention.html. Accessed Feb. 4, 2022.
  • Domestic travel during COVID-19. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/travelers/travel-during-covid19.html. Accessed Feb. 4, 2022.
  • Requirement for face masks on public transportation conveyances and at transportation hubs. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/travelers/face-masks-public-transportation.html. Accessed Feb. 4, 2022.
  • International travel. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/travelers/international-travel/index.html. Accessed Feb. 4, 2022.
  • U.S citizens, U.S. nationals, U.S. lawful permanent residents, and immigrants: Travel to and from the United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/travelers/international-travel-during-covid19.html. Accessed Feb. 4, 2022.
  • Non-US. citizen, non-U.S. immigrants: Air travel to the United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/travelers/noncitizens-US-air-travel.html. Accessed Feb. 4, 2022.
  • People with certain medical conditions. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/need-extra-precautions/people-with-medical-conditions.html. Accessed Feb. 4, 2022.
  • Stay up to date with your vaccines. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/vaccines/stay-up-to-date.html. Accessed Feb. 4, 2022.
  • Pack smart. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/page/pack-smart. Accessed Feb. 4, 2022.
  • Travel: Frequently asked questions. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/travelers/faqs.html. Accessed Feb. 7, 2022.
  • Coronavirus (COVID-19) information. Transportation Security Administration. https://www.tsa.gov/coronavirus. Accessed Feb. 7, 2022.
  • WHO advice for international traffic in relation to the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant (B.1.1.529). World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/news-room/articles-detail/who-advice-for-international-traffic-in-relation-to-the-sars-cov-2-omicron-variant. Accessed Feb. 7, 2022.
  • VRHP/VRMA Cleaning guidelines for COVID-19. Vacation Rental Management Association. https://www.vrma.org/page/vrhp/vrma-cleaning-guidelines-for-covid-19. Accessed Feb. 7, 2022.
  • Safe stay. American Hotel & Lodging Association. https://www.ahla.com/safestay. Accessed Feb. 7, 2022.
  • Khatib AN, et al. COVID-19 transmission and the safety of air travel during the pandemic: A scoping review. Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases. 2021; doi:10.1097/QCO.0000000000000771.

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  • Check CDC recommendations for travel within the U.S.
  • Review testing requirements for travel to the U.S.
  • Look up restrictions at your destination .
  • Review airport security measures .

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COVID-19 international travel advisories

If you plan to visit the U.S., you do not need to be tested or vaccinated for COVID-19. U.S. citizens going abroad, check with the Department of State for travel advisories.

COVID-19 testing and vaccine rules for entering the U.S.

  • As of May 12, 2023, noncitizen nonimmigrant visitors to the U.S.  arriving by air  or  arriving by land or sea  no longer need to show proof of being fully vaccinated against COVID-19. 
  • As of June 12, 2022,  people entering the U.S. no longer need to show proof of a negative COVID-19 test . 

U.S. citizens traveling to a country outside the U.S.

Find country-specific COVID-19 travel rules from the Department of State.

See the  CDC's COVID-19 guidance for safer international travel.

LAST UPDATED: December 6, 2023

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Travel Restrictions to Prevent the Spread of Disease

Foreground has a blue bag with the words “Quarantine and Border Health Services” and yellow quarantine flags on it. Blurred in the background is a CDC Quarantine Public Health Officer assessing a sick traveler and companion at a US international airport.

Credit: David Snyder

Disease is just a flight away. To protect America’s health, CDC partners with the Department of Homeland Security to prevent the spread of serious contagious diseases during travel. CDC uses a Do Not Board list to prevent travelers from boarding commercial airplanes if they are known or suspected to have a contagious disease that poses a threat to the public’s health. Sick travelers are also placed on a Lookout list so they will be detected if they attempt to enter the United States by land or sea. These tools can be used for anyone who poses a threat to the public’s health.

Local and state public health officials can request CDC’s assistance if a person who poses a public health threat intends to travel. CDC helps ensure these people do not travel while contagious.

Placing people on the lists

The criteria for adding people to the Do Not Board and Lookout lists are

  • not  aware of diagnosis or not  following public health recommendations, or
  • Likely to travel on a commercial flight involving the United States or travel internationally by any means; or
  • Need to issue travel restriction to respond to a public health outbreak or to help enforce a public health order.

Criteria number one plus one of the three subsets must be met for a person to be placed on the Do Not Board and Lookout lists.

At the passport booth in an international airport, a Customs and Border Protection Officer works with two CDC Quarantine Public Health Officers to assess a sick traveler before allowing entry into the United States.

Credit: David Heaberlin

Once a person is placed on these lists, airlines will not issue a boarding pass to the person for any commercial flight within, arriving to, or departing from the United States.

The Do Not Board and Lookout lists have been used for people with suspected or confirmed infectious tuberculosis (TB), including multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), and measles. During 2020-2022, CDC used these authorities to restrict travel of people with COVID-19 and close contacts who were recommended to quarantine. These authorities were also used for mpox during 2022. Travel restrictions can also be used for other suspected or confirmed contagious diseases that could pose a public health threat during travel, including viral hemorrhagic fevers such as Ebola.

Preventing people with contagious diseases from traveling also helps to make sure they get or continue medical treatment, such as for infectious tuberculosis.

Taking people off the lists

Once public health authorities confirm a person is no longer contagious, the person is removed from the lists (typically within 24 hours). Also, CDC reviews the records of all persons on the lists every two weeks to determine whether they are eligible for removal.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on Travel Restrictions to Prevent the Spread of Disease

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Watch CBS News

U.S. lifts travel ban for specific countries. Here's an overview of the changes.

Updated on: November 8, 2021 / 7:10 PM EST / AP

More than a year and a half after COVID-19 concerns prompted the U.S. to close its borders to international travelers from countries including Brazil, China, India, South Africa, the United Kingdom and much of Europe, restrictions are shifting to focus on vaccine status.

Beginning Monday,  bans on travel from specific countries are over . The U.S. will allow in international travelers, but they must be vaccinated — with a few exceptions.

The U.S. is also reopening the land borders with Canada and Mexico for vaccinated people. Most trips from Canada and Mexico to the U.S. are by land rather than air.

Here are some questions and answers about the changes:

Why are these changes happening?

The goal is to restore more normal travel while limiting the spread of COVID-19, the government says. The travel industry and European allies have pushed for an end to country-specific bans. Americans have been allowed to fly to Europe for months, and Europeans have been pushing the U.S. to change its policies.

In 2019, before the pandemic, about one-fifth of the roughly 79 million visitors to the U.S. came from Europe.

What are the main requirements?

All adult foreign nationals traveling to the U.S. must be fully vaccinated before boarding their flight. Like before, travelers will still have to show proof of a negative COVID-19 test taken within 72 hours of departure to the U.S.

Does everyone need to be vaccinated?

Yes, with some exceptions. Children under 18 don't need to be vaccinated but they do need to take a COVID-19 test. Kids 2 and younger are exempt from testing requirements.

What about adults who aren't vaccinated?

Since half the world remains unvaccinated, and vaccine distribution has been so skewed to rich countries, the Biden administration is leaving a loophole for people who live in countries where vaccines are scarce. That list includes about 50 countries where fewer than 10% of people have been vaccinated. Travelers from those countries will need permission from the U.S. government to come, and it can't be just for tourism or business travel.

The U.S. government says it will permit unvaccinated international visitors to enter the country if there is a humanitarian or emergency reason, such as an emergency medical evacuation. Those exceptions will be applied "extremely narrowly" and will require approval from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. There could also be a medical exception, with documentation from a doctor.

What will Americans have to do?

Americans who are unvaccinated have to show proof of a negative COVID-19 test within one day of international travel. If you're vaccinated, you need to take a test within three days of your departure, for both Americans and citizens of other countries. This does not apply to flights within the U.S.

Who is going to enforce the vaccine rules?

The airlines. They will have to verify vaccine records and match them against ID, and if they don't, they could face fines of up to nearly $35,000 per violation. Airlines will also collect information about passengers for contact-tracing efforts. There will be CDC workers spot-checking travelers for compliance in the U.S.

Which vaccines will you let it in?

Most but not all of them . Any COVID-19 vaccine approved for emergency use by the World Health Organization, which include the Pfizer, Moderna and Johnson & Johnson vaccines used in the U.S. as well as most used overseas, such as AstraZeneca and China's Sinovac. Not currently allowed is Russia's Sputnik V vaccine, which is authorized in 70 countries. The WHO is  reviewing Sputnik  but hasn't approved it.

What if you drive in from Mexico or Canada?

The land borders have only been open for "essential" travel. Now, anyone can come, if they're vaccinated against COVID. Be prepared to show proof of the shot to Customs and Border Protection agents. Children are exempt from the requirement.

How will this affect travel?

While the administration is characterizing this as a reopening, some people who were technically allowed to fly to the U.S. earlier in the pandemic are now blocked because of their vaccination status. Other roadblocks to normal travel resuming are big delays in issuing U.S. visas, which people in most countries need to visit the U.S. for business and tourism, and restrictions in other countries that make travel difficult.

Even though people coming from China will now be allowed into the U.S., for example, not many are expected to travel because of restrictions at home. Before the pandemic, Chinese tourists were a lucrative market for the U.S. travel industry.

Industry experts do expect a big influx in people flying from Europe, and hope that a broader recovery in travel follows as more people globally get vaccinated, U.S. visa processing speeds up, other countries lift their own restrictions and people feel less scared about getting COVID because of travel.

  • United Kingdom

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Protect Your Trip »

Where Can Americans Travel Right Now?

More than 100 countries currently allow U.S. citizens to visit, but some restrictions apply.

Airport.

(Getty Images)

Travel is limited due to the coronavirus pandemic, but there are still some countries allowing American visitors.

The current global pandemic has many Americans rethinking the way they travel. Road trips and camping vacations have grown in popularity, as many Americans have discovered the country has more than its fair share of stunning natural landscapes, from the Grand Canyon to Acadia National Park. Some people have even created memorable vacations in their backyards.

However, if you're itching to leave the U.S., there are several countries around the world that will accept you (and your negative coronavirus test results), though some specific restrictions will apply. If you decide to travel, be sure to evaluate the risks and understand the safest ways to travel . You should also look out for yourself and others by taking necessary safety precautions and investing in one of the best face masks for travel .

Note that due to the pandemic, travel guidelines are constantly changing; you'll want to check your destination's official tourism website periodically before your trip. And, consider purchasing travel insurance , so you don't lose money if your U.S. passport is no longer accepted at the last minute.

Below are the countries that currently accept travelers from the United States. Note: As of Aug. 30, the European Union removed the U.S. from its safe list of countries and advised member countries to reinstate travel restrictions. However, it’s up to individual countries to decide on restrictions for incoming travelers, so keep an eye out for official announcements from any European destinations as things are changing quickly. If you decide to travel, you'll also want to check with the State Department for information on returning from your visit as there are some restrictions in place. As of Dec. 6, the CDC requires all passengers, regardless of vaccination status, traveling to the U.S. from a foreign country (including American citizens) to show proof of a negative COVID-19 test taken no more than one day before their flight. Travelers should also be aware that the State Department has updated travel advisories for dozens of countries to Level 4: Do Not Travel, warning Americans to reconsider international travel due to the ongoing pandemic. Visit the State Department website for additional details on travel advisories. (Note: All mentions of coronavirus tests refer to the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test unless otherwise stated. This information was accurate at the time of publication and will be updated as additional information becomes available.)

As of Sept. 6, U.S. citizens must now submit to testing when traveling to Albania. PCR tests must be taken within 72 hours of travel and antigen tests must be taken within 48 hours; negative results are required for entry. Fully vaccinated travelers can bypass these requirements as long as they show proof of vaccination (as can anyone who can prove they recovered from COVID-19 in the past six months). Expect health screening procedures in airports, and prepare to abide by social distancing guidelines and a curfew. Make note that on your return home, there are restrictions to what countries you can pass through, according to the embassy website .

[Read: The Best Hotels in Albania .]

This tiny country between France and Spain is open to U.S. citizens. In order to enter, you’ll either need to show proof of vaccination completed at least 14 days before arrival, proof of negative test results within 72 hours of arrival or proof of recovery from the coronavirus. For more information, visit the country’s FAQ website .

Americans can enter Angola as long as they show proof of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 72 hours before traveling. Travelers must also fill out a Travel Registration Form and abide by screenings to enter. Visitors may also be required to test upon arrival and quarantine depending on the results. Find more information at the U.S. embassy website .

As of July 1, only travelers who can prove they have been fully vaccinated at least three weeks before arriving can visit Anguilla. They will have to apply for entry to the island before traveling and upload results from a negative coronavirus test taken two to five days before travel (or 48 hours prior to travel if taking an antigen test). Once on the island, they will be subject to another test and must stay at their accommodation until they receive a negative result. For more information, visit the U.S. embassy in Anguilla website or Anguilla’s tourism board website .

[Read: The Best Hotels in Anguilla .]

Antigua and Barbuda

Access to this Caribbean gem is contingent on a negative coronavirus test (for those older than 5) taken no more than four days prior to your flight. All arriving visitors must also prove they are fully vaccinated by an approved World Health Organization or Ministry of Health, Wellness and the Environment coronavirus vaccine. Travelers must also show proof of a negative PCR coronavirus test taken no more than four days before travel (or three days for a rapid antigen test). They may also be required to submit to testing upon arrival. American travelers will be subject to temperature checks and health screenings before being admitted into Antigua and Barbuda, no matter if they're coming from a plane, a cruise ship or another mode of transportation. They must also complete a Health Declaration Form prior to landing. Plus, masks are required in all public spaces. Find more specific information on the country's tourism website.

[Read: The Best Hotels in Antigua .]

All travelers regardless of vaccination status must provide proof of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 72 hours before travel and complete an electronic sworn statement about their health 48 hours prior to travel. Unvaccinated travelers also have to complete a seven-day quarantine. For more information, visit the embassy website .

This western Asian country allows U.S. citizens to enter as long as they either present a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 72 hours prior to arrival, or agree to test upon arrival and quarantine until they receive negative results. Vaccine documentation cards are also accepted in lieu of a negative coronavirus test. Face masks are required in some public spaces throughout the country, but virtually every business is open in Armenia. Learn more about the pandemic atmosphere in the country at the U.S. Embassy in Armenia website or the Armenian government's travel restrictions website .

According to its website , which is updated frequently with information on travel restrictions, Aruba is welcoming U.S. vacationers to the island. However, entrance hinges on travelers' completion of an online embarkation/disembarkation card and a health assessment, plus a negative coronavirus test taken no more than one day before arrival (for everyone 12 and older). Fully vaccinated (and boosted) travelers can show proof of vaccination instead of testing. The booster shot is not required for vaccinated travelers younger than 18. If you’re flying JetBlue to Aruba, you have the option to take an at-home, saliva-based Vault PCR Molecular COVID-19 test. All U.S. travelers also must purchase Aruba Visitor Insurance to ensure they are covered if health issues arise during their stay. This insurance cost varies depending on each traveler's age and length of stay; to find out how much it costs, check out the Aruba Visitor Insurance calculator .

[Read: The Best Hotels in Aruba .]

Americans can enter this European nation without having to quarantine if they provide proof of vaccination and a booster shot. Those who are vaccinated but have not received a booster shot must provide proof of vaccination in addition to a negative test taken no more than 72 hours prior to travel. Those who are not vaccinated must present proof of a negative test taken no more than 72 hours before travel and quarantine for 10 days upon arrival at their own expense. Unvaccinated individuals are barred from entering most public venues in Austria including hotels, restaurants and museums. For additional info, see the embassy website .

[Read: The Best Hotels in Austria .]

The Bahamas

A popular tourist destination among stateside citizens, t he Bahamas are welcoming American visitors to the picturesque islands. Travelers must provide a negative COVID-19 test taken no more than 72 hours before arrival. This negative pretesting requirement extends to all travelers older than 11 (including vaccinated travelers). Visitors are also required to opt-in to health insurance that will cover them for the entirety of their stay (the cost of which depends on your vaccination status). Additionally, those who travel around the Bahamas without wearing face coverings will be subject to fines. Learn more about traveling details on the tourism website .

[Read: The Best Hotels in the Bahamas .]

U.S. citizens may travel to Bahrain without prior testing. However, all travelers older than 6 (aside from those who can prove they have recovered from COVID-19) must submit to and pay for a coronavirus test upon arrival. Travelers must also download the BeAware Bahrain app before travel. For more information, visit the embassy website .

U.S. citizens must take a COVID-19 test within 48 hours of traveling to Bangladesh and prove the negative results with the appropriate documentation in order to enter the country. Even with proof of a negative test, unvaccinated travelers must complete a 14-day home quarantine period upon arriving in the country. Visit this website to learn more about Bangladesh's entry and exit requirements.

As long as travelers (older than 5) complete a travel form online no less than 24 hours before their flight and provide a negative coronavirus test result taken within 72 hours of their entrance to the island, they can vacation in this Caribbean paradise. Starting Jan. 7, negative results from a rapid PCR test taken one day before travel will also be accepted. Even with a negative result in hand, travelers must quarantine in an approved hotel or villa for a minimum of three days at which time they can take another test to be released. Fully vaccinated travelers will still need to take a test prior to traveling, but they can skip the quarantine and the fourth day coronavirus test. They might still be randomly tested upon arrival at the airport as well. Visit the Barbados website for more information regarding traveling during the pandemic.

[Read: The Best Hotels in Barbados .]

U.S. citizens can travel to Belarus with some restrictions. Travelers need a negative coronavirus test no more than three days prior to arrival. Travelers will also be subject to health screenings, including temperature checks, at the port of entry. A seven-day self-quarantine is also required for unvaccinated travelers; vaccinated travelers can bypass quarantine. Note: The U.S. issued a Level 4: Do Not Travel warning for Belarus, and the nation’s land borders are closed to travelers. Visit the U.S. Embassy in Belarus website for additional information.

[Read: The Best Hotels in Belarus .]

As of Sept. 1, only vaccinated Americans can visit picturesque cities like Brussels , Bruges and Antwerp. A test no more than 72 hours prior to travel, a test upon arrival and a period of self-quarantine pending receipt of a negative test result are also required, as is a second test again on day seven. Travelers will have to complete a Passenger Locator Form and submit to health screenings at the airport. For more information, visit the embassy website .

[Read: The Best Hotels in Belgium .]

American travelers (anyone 5 and older) will be required to present a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 96 hours prior to departure to Belize. (Rapid antigen tests taken no more than 48 hours before arrival are also accepted.) If you don’t present a negative test, you’ll have to front a $50 fee (paid in cash) and take a test upon arrival. A negative test means visitors can proceed to their Gold Standard Hotel. As of Feb. 15, all travelers regardless of vaccination status must purchase health insurance from a local insurance company. Keep in mind, a curfew is in effect from 7 p.m. to 4 a.m. (9 p.m. until 4 a.m. in select areas). For more information, visit the Belize tourism website or the U.S. Embassy in Belize website .

Americans don’t need a test before traveling to this African nation, but they will be subject to a rapid test and a PCR test upon arrival. They must also undergo a third test on day 15 of their stay. For more information, visit the embassy website .

This Atlantic paradise welcomes Americans to its pristine beaches as long as the travelers (ages 2 and older) present negative results from a COVID-19 test taken no more than four days before arrival. As of Dec. 13, all travelers (ages 12 and older) must also be fully vaccinated to enter Bermuda . Vaccinated travelers who tested negative prior to traveling must then take an arrival test and quarantine until they receive negative results. If you are vaccinated but did not come prepared with a pre-arrival test, you must quarantine until you receive negative results from a test on day four of your trip. Visit the U.S. Consulate in Bermuda website for additional information. The Bermuda tourism board also has a website that outlines how to travel safely and responsibly to the island.

[Read: The Best Hotels in Bermuda .]

This country allows Americans to visit as long as they show proof of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 72 hours before travel. Masks are required in public spaces, and travelers should expect health screenings at the airport. All unvaccinated visitors must test again 72 hours after arrival and quarantine until they receive negative results. Check for any updates on the embassy website .

Bonaire requires all visitors 13 and older to provide negative test results taken no more than 48 hours prior to travel. They must also complete a health declaration form, take a self-test upon arrival and take a test five days after arrival. Travelers who are not vaccinated must quarantine until they receive negative results from the test on day five. Bonaire considers the U.S. to be a high-risk country. Additional information is available on the <u class="rte2-style-underline">Bonaire crisis website</u> , which outlines specifics for travelers.

[Read: The Best Hotels in Bonaire .]

Bosnia and Herzegovina

The U.S. Embassy in Bosnia-Herzegovina states the country is open to American visitors as long as they can provide either proof of vaccination, proof of recovery from the coronavirus or proof of a negative COVID-19 test taken no more than 72 hours before entry.

Americans who provide proof of negative coronavirus test results taken no more than 72 hours before departure can travel to Botswana. All visitors are also subject to a rapid antigen test upon arrival. Visitors should expect some restrictions on interstate travel between the country's different zones. For more information visit the country’s U.S. Embassy website .

Travelers from the U.S. (older than 12) must show proof of vaccination as well as a negative test taken no more than 72 hours before boarding the plane to Brazil. They must also complete a Traveler’s Health Declaration form. There are some health screening procedures in place at airports but no required quarantine period upon arrival. Visit the U.S. Embassy in Brazil website for more information.

British Virgin Islands

These picturesque islands are now open for visitors. Any unvaccinated Americans (over age 5) planning to travel here must first show proof of a negative test taken three to five days prior to arrival. Completion of and payment for travel authorization certificate is also required. Unvaccinated visitors must be tested upon arrival, quarantine for seven days, and submit to a test on day seven, the results of which will determine if they can travel around the islands. Vaccinated travelers must show proof of a negative test taken no more than five days before arrival, but they can bypass quarantine and will not need to fill out the authorization certificate. For more information, visit the U.S. embassy website .

[Read: The Best Hotels in the British Virgin Islands .]

Americans can once again travel from the U.S. to Bulgaria for tourism purposes. Bulgaria considers the U.S. a “red zone” country, so Americans must show either proof of vaccination, proof of recovery or proof of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 72 hours prior to travel in order to enter. To see the list of exceptions, visit the U.S. embassy in Bulgaria website .

Travelers from the U.S. must obtain a visa to travel to Cambodia. The country has suspended its visa-on-arrival program until further notice, but travelers can now obtain visas online prior to travel. Travelers to Cambodia must be fully vaccinated and they must take a test 72 hours prior to arrival as well as upon arrival. Keep tabs on updates via the embassy website .

As of Aug. 9, vaccinated American travelers can travel to Canada. Visitors to this northern nation must be fully vaccinated with a Canada-approved vaccine (Pfizer, Moderna, J&J or AstraZeneca) and submit proof electronically through the ArriveCAN app. They must also show proof of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 72 hours prior to entering. Select travelers may also be chosen at random to complete a test upon arrival. Americans can fly to Canada or choose to cross at a land border. Anyone who submits false vaccination records can be fined up to $750,000 and potentially face jail time. For more information, check out the Canadian government updates here .

Travelers from the U.S. can visit Cape Verde as long as they provide proof of a negative test (either PCR or antigen) taken no more than 72 hours before travel. There are no quarantine requirements upon arrival. For more information, visit the embassy website .

Americans can enter Chad as long as travelers over age 12 show proof of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 72 hours prior to traveling. They must also pay $40 for a test upon arrival. Travelers staying for more than seven days must take another test at their own expense. For more information, visit the embassy website .

Chile has reopened to American travelers as long as they can show proof of a negative coronavirus test (only PCR tests are accepted) taken within 72 hours of boarding the final flight to Chile. They must also obtain a Mobility Pass prior to arrival, part of which includes uploading proof of full vaccination; these passes can take two to three weeks to obtain, so it’s best to apply early. They also need to show a completed Affidavit of Travelers electronic form and proof of health insurance. Travelers must quarantine for five days upon arrival. For more information, visit the U.S. Embassy in Chile website .

U.S. citizens over age 18 must present proof of vaccination to enter Colombia. Testing is only required in certain situations, such as if a traveler is only partially vaccinated. However, the U.S. Embassy in Colombia website states travelers should be prepared for further health screening upon arrival.

This Central American country, favored by Americans for its lush landscape and pristine beaches, welcomes all U.S. citizens. (Previously, only residents of select states were allowed entry.) Costa Rica no longer requires visitors to submit a negative COVID-19 test taken less than 72 hours before their visit. However, visitors are required to purchase or show proof of medical insurance to cover any possible coronavirus-related costs they may incur and complete health pass forms, according to the U.S. Embassy in Costa Rica website . As of Aug. 1, the health insurance requirements are waived for those younger than 18 and for any American traveler who can provide a vaccination card. The Costa Rican government also holds authority to shorten the length of tourists’ stays. Additional details are available on Costa Rica's tourism board website as well.

Côte d’Ivoire

As long as American travelers come prepared with a completed Air Travel Declaration Form and proof of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than five days before travel, they can enter Côte d’Ivoire. For more information, visit the U.S. embassy website .

Americans are once again allowed to visit Croatia, with some restrictions. You must show proof of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 72 hours (or 48 for antigen test) prior to arrival or take a test upon arrival and quarantine while awaiting results. If you’re fully vaccinated, you can provide proof of vaccination instead of a test. Or, if you can prove you have recovered from the coronavirus within the past 12 to 270 days, you won’t need to provide test results. Also, you must provide documented evidence of an accommodation paid in advance. If you can’t prove vaccination, recovery or a negative test, you must take an arrival test and quarantine for 10 days. Visit the Croatian government's specific COVID-19 website to learn more about how the country is dealing with the pandemic.

[Read: The Best Hotels in Croatia .]

Americans are permitted to enter Curacao as long as they show negative test results taken within 48 hours of departure. Travelers must also have insurance and complete an online immigration card as well as a Health Department passenger locator card before traveling. A test on the third day is also required. Keep in mind there is a curfew in place from midnight until 4:30 a.m. every night. Additional details are available on the U.S. Embassy in Curacao website .

[Read: The Best Hotels in Curacao .]

Vaccinated individuals may travel from the U.S. to Cyprus as long as they provide proof of vaccination (or recovery from coronavirus). If you are not vaccinated, you must show proof of a negative test taken no more than 72 hours prior to travel and take another test upon arrival at the airport; you’ll also have to quarantine for seven days at your own expense. All travelers must have an approved Cyprus Flight Pass and are subject to random testing upon arrival at their own expense. For more information, visit the embassy website .

Czech Republic

The Czech Republic has reopened to American travelers as long as they complete a Personal Locator Form. Travelers who are vaccinated and have received the booster can bypass the pre-travel coronavirus test. (The country considers a vaccine valid as long as it has been nine months since the final dose.) Those who haven’t received the booster or are completely unvaccinated must show proof of a negative test taken prior to travel. There are no quarantine requirements nor travel restrictions within the country. However, many public establishments require visitors to show proof of vaccination or negative tests. For the most up to date information, visit the Ministry of the Interior website .

[Read: The Best Hotels in Czech Republic .]

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Travelers to this Central African country who are 11 or older must provide proof of a negative COVID-19 test taken no more than three days prior to departure. They will be subject to another test upon arrival in the Congo and must quarantine until they receive another negative result. Proof of health and medical evacuation insurance is also required in addition to completion of a form. There are also exit requirements in place: Travelers must present negative test results taken no more than three days before leaving the country. All required tests will be paid out-of-pocket by travelers. Visit this website for the most up-to-date information.

Vaccinated Americans can enter this Scandinavian country without testing or quarantine. Unvaccinated visitors must submit to testing upon arrival and quarantine for 10 days (or they can end quarantine early with a negative test on day six). For more information, head to the embassy website or to Denmark’s designated COVID-19 protocol page .

[Read: The Best Hotels in Denmark .]

Americans traveling to Djibouti must test negative for coronavirus no more than 72 hours before boarding the plane and no more than 120 hours before arriving in Djibouti. Passengers will be subject to health screenings and a rapid COVID-19 saliva test for $30 upon arrival. Only travelers who test negative will be allowed to enter the country; those who test positive will either depart on the next flight or enter isolation and treatment. Learn more by visiting the U.S. Embassy in Djibouti website .

Americans are allowed to visit Dominica if they answer a health questionnaire and present proof of a negative COVID-19 test taken no more than 72 hours prior to arrival. Unvaccinated travelers will be antigen tested upon arrival and required to quarantine at a government facility or government-approved hotel for at least five days. They’ll be subject to a test on day five; if negative, travelers will be considered medically cleared and free to explore. Fully vaccinated Americans must upload a vaccination certificate and complete an online form in addition to the required testing. They will also submit to antigen testing upon arrival (for $100), and if results are negative, no quarantine is necessary. Additional info on health and safety protocols for travelers is available here . More details are also available on the U.S. Embassy in Dominica website .

[Read: The Best Hotels in Dominica .]

Dominican Republic

American travelers are permitted to visit this island nation, whose popular tourism spots include Punta Cana , Puerto Plata and Santo Domingo , with few restrictions. While the country doesn't require a negative coronavirus test before visiting, travelers will be chosen at random for coronavirus tests upon arrival at the port of entry. If you have proof of a negative coronavirus test or proof of vaccination, you will be exempt from these random tests. Health screening procedures, such as temperature checks, are also in place. Travelers must also state they haven’t experienced any COVID-related symptoms in the last 72 hours and provide contact details for the next 30 days in the form of a Traveler’s Health Affidavit. There are curfews in place around the island, but times vary by location. The latest visitor information is available on the tourism board's website .

[Read: The Best Hotels in Punta Cana ; the Best Hotels in Puerto Plata ; the Best Hotels in Santo Domingo .]

American travelers visiting Ecuador must present proof of vaccination or proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test or rapid antigen taken within three days of their arrival. A health declaration is also required. Passengers who show COVID-19 symptoms will be evaluated by health officials (regardless of a negative test) and may be subject to isolation and further testing. Alternatively, fully vaccinated travelers can show proof of vaccination instead of negative test results. If you’re looking to visit the Galápagos Islands, you’ll need proof of a negative PCR test taken no more than 72 hours before arrival (if you are 16 or older), and you’ll need to complete a transit control card. Learn more about protocols in Ecuador on the U.S. embassy website .

If you're visiting Egypt from America, you'll need to present physical proof of a negative COVID-19 test taken ideally no more than 72 hours before arrival. Travelers who arrive without proof of a negative test must be tested upon arrival and quarantine until they receive a negative test result. There is no required quarantine for American travelers. Learn more about specific interstate travel restrictions on the embassy website .

El Salvador

This Central American country no longer requires U.S. citizens (2 and older) to take a negative COVID-19 test to enter. Visitors will also be subject to various medical screenings at their port of entry before beginning their travels through El Salvador. There is no required quarantine period for U.S. travelers, according to the U.S. Embassy in El Salvador website .

Equatorial Guinea

U.S. citizens are allowed to visit Equatorial Guinea without any need for quarantine upon arrival as long as they provide proof of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 48 hours before arrival in the country, according to the U.S. Embassy website . An exit PCR test is required as well.

Estonia is open to Americans with some restrictions. Vaccinated passengers with documented proof can bypass all testing and quarantine requirements. Unvaccinated individuals can only travel to Estonia for an approved purpose (not for tourism), and they will have to undergo testing and quarantine. Visit the embassy website for more information.

Travelers to this East African country must present a negative COVID-19 test taken no more than 120 hours prior to flying, according to the embassy website . There are health screenings in place at the ports of entry, and if any traveler exhibits coronavirus-like symptoms, they will be taken to temporary isolation. Even with proof of a negative test, travelers must quarantine for seven days upon arrival. Note: Travel to Ethiopia is not advised, as the U.S. has placed the country on the Level 4: Do Not Travel list due to civil unrest and terrorism concerns.

Travelers can once again visit France and pay a visit to the Louvre, the Palace of Versailles, wine regions, beaches and numerous other attractions. Entry will be granted to travelers who have completed a full vaccination course and show proof of vaccination at the airport. Unvaccinated or partially vaccinated travelers from a list of orange countries (which includes the U.S.) can also enter France only if they have a compelling reason for travel. (See details on what is classified as a compelling reason here.) Unvaccinated travelers must provide proof of a negative PCR test performed 48 to 72 hours before departure. All travelers must complete a French Health Pass as well. For more information, visit the embassy website .

[Read: The Best Hotels in France .]

French Polynesia

Vaccinated Americans can visit idyllic islands like Tahiti , Mo'orea and Bora Bora . They must present a negative COVID-19 test result, taken no more than 24 hours prior to departure, to their airline. They are then subject to testing upon arrival. Vaccinated travelers do not have to quarantine but unvaccinated travelers must isolate for seven days. They must also receive prior authorization to travel to French Polynesia. Additional forms may also be required. Learn more about the current French Polynesian COVID-19 protocols on the tourism website .

Americans can travel to this west African country as long as they provide proof of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than five days prior to travel. Visitors must also take a test upon arrival at their own cost ($36) and quarantine until they receive a negative result. For more information, visit the U.S. Embassy website .

American travelers to The Gambia must provide proof of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 72 hours prior to arrival. They will also be subject to a rapid test upon arrival, as the U.S. is considered a hot spot country. There are no quarantine restrictions. Learn more on the U.S. Embassy in The Gambia website .

Unvaccinated visitors to the country of Georgia must provide proof of a negative test taken no more than 72 hours before arrival, get a follow-up PCR test taken on the third day (at their own expense) and submit a form with contact info and travel history details. Those who don’t test on the third day run the risk of getting fined more than $600, according to recent reports. Vaccinated American travelers can enter without proof of a test, but they must show documentation confirming they have received two full doses of the vaccine. For more information, visit the U.S. embassy website .

Americans must be fully vaccinated to travel to Germany. If not fully vaccinated, they must have an important reason for traveling to Germany – tourism is not considered important. Travelers must show either proof of vaccination, proof of recovery or proof of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 48 to 72 hours prior to traveling. For more information, visit the country’s Federal Foreign Office coronavirus website .

[Read: The Best Hotels in Germany .]

Americans looking to travel to Ghana must provide proof of a negative COVID-19 test taken no more than 72 hours before leaving for their trip. Additional health screenings are in place upon arrival in Ghana, and all arriving passengers must take another rapid COVID-19 test for $150 to fully enter the country (paid for at their own expense online; travelers must present proof of this to the airline before boarding). Learn more about what your trip to Ghana will look like on the U.S. Embassy website .

Travelers from the U.S. will be happy to know they can now enter this scenic country, known for its historic cities and vibrant islands. Travelers older than 5 must present results from a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 72 hours before arriving in Greece or a rapid antigen test no more than 24 hours before arrival. Everyone must also complete a Passenger Locator Form prior to entering the country. Travelers should note that many restaurants, stores and nightclubs in Greece have started requiring proof of vaccination to enter. For more information, visit the U.S. Embassy in Greece website .

[Read: The Best Hotels in Greece .]

All visitors to Grenada must show proof of a negative test taken no more than 72 hours prior to arrival. All visitors must also apply for a Travel Authorization Certificate online to enter the country. Vaccinated individuals traveling must show proof of vaccination. Unvaccinated visitors 13 or older must test upon arrival and quarantine at an approved accommodation until they receive negative results, allowing them to move around Grenada . Find out more on the Grenada entry protocol website .

[Read: The Best Hotels in Grenada .]

In addition to partaking in health screenings at ports of entry and completing a health pass form online, U.S. citizens traveling to Guatemala who are 10 or older must present proof of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 72 hours before arrival. They must also show proof that their second vaccine dose was administered more than two weeks prior. Once in the country, visitors won't have to quarantine, and there are no restrictions on travel within Guatemala, according to the embassy website .

Those traveling from the U.S. to Guinea must provide proof of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 72 hours prior to arrival. If a traveler fails to provide proof, they will be tested upon arrival and required to quarantine for two weeks. Learn more on the embassy website .

Americans planning to visit Guyana must provide proof of a negative test taken no more than 72 hours before traveling. Visitors age 12 and older must also show proof of full vaccination. Before arrival in this South American country, visitors must also complete a passenger locator form to ensure easy contact tracing in the case of infection. For more information, visit the U.S. embassy website .

Commercial flights from the United States to Haiti are now operating, although keep in mind this island nation is labeled with a Level 4 advisory from the State Department, due to crime, kidnapping and civil unrest. Passengers are required to provide a negative PCR or antigen coronavirus test result taken no more than 72 hours before boarding a flight to Haiti. Travelers are subject to health screenings upon arrival and may be contacted up to three times based on the information disclosed in their health declaration to monitor for signs of disease, according to the embassy website .

Americans will need a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 72 hours before travel and a completed immigration form to enter Honduras. (If fully vaccinated, travelers can present a vaccine card in lieu of test results.) Visitors should note there will be health screenings in place at the airport, curfews around the country, and restrictions on certain essential activities, such as shopping. Learn more about what your trip to Honduras will look like on the U.S. Embassy website or visit the Honduras government website for additional details.

Vaccinated Americans can enter Iceland as long as they provide proof of vaccination, proof of a negative coronavirus test (either a rapid test or PCR test) and complete a preregistration form. Unvaccinated travelers can only enter for essential reasons or under specific circumstances. If unvaccinated individuals have previously tested positive for COVID-19 and recovered, they can visit Iceland with proof of a negative coronavirus test result and a completed preregistration form. For more information on traveling to Iceland, see the country's guide to travel or visit the government's official website .

[Read: The Best Hotels in Iceland .]

Americans can venture across the pond to Ireland after showing proof of full vaccination or recovery from the coronavirus within the past 180 days in addition to proof of a negative test taken no more than 72 hours prior to travel. Those who enter without a test can face fines and even jail time. There are no quarantine requirements. However, keep in mind Ireland officials advise against all nonessential travel. See up-to-date information on the Ireland tourism board website .

[Read: The Best Hotels in Ireland .]

As of Jan. 9, U.S. citizens are allowed to enter Israel provided they are fully vaccinated and boosted (or they have recovered from the coronavirus). They must also complete an entry statement form and show negative results from a test taken no more than 72 hours (24 if antigen test) prior to travel. For more information, visit the country’s Ministry of Health website or the U.S. embassy website. For more information, visit the country’s Ministry of Health website or the U.S. embassy website .

As of Aug. 30, vaccinated Americans with proof of immunization (or recovery) and a negative (molecular or antigen) coronavirus test taken within 72 hours of travel can visit Italy. American travelers must also complete a self-declaration form. Those who are not vaccinated must abide by the same testing requirements and quarantine for five days upon arrival. They can leave quarantine if they test negative on the fifth day. For more information, visit Italy’s government website or the U.S. embassy website .

[Read: The Best Hotels in Italy .]

Anyone over the age of 12 traveling to Jamaica from the U.S. will need to provide proof of a negative COVID-19 test from an accredited medical lab (can be a PCR test, a Nucleic Acid Amplification test, an RNA or molecular test, or an antigen test) taken no more than 72 hours before arrival. They must also apply for travel authorization within seven days of their trip. The country has established “resilient corridors” which include destinations like Negril and Montego Bay; quarantine requirements differ depending if you stay inside or outside of the corridor, according to the tourism board website .

[Read: The Best Hotels in Jamaica .]

As long as travelers from the U.S. provide proof of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 72 hours before arrival and submit to a second test upon arrival at their own expense, they can enter Jordan. Health insurance to cover any coronavirus related expenses is also required for every visitor. For more information, visit the U.S. Embassy in Jordan website .

As long as they can provide proof of a negative COVID-19 test taken within 72 hours of arriving in the country and arrive without a fever or cough, trouble breathing and flu-like symptons, Americans can travel to Kenya for touristic purposes. According to the embassy website , there are health screenings, including temperature checks, in place at the Kenyan airports as well.

Travelers to Kosovo must present either proof of full vaccination, proof of partial vaccination paired with a negative test, proof of recovery within the last 90 days or a negative test taken no more than 48 hours prior to travel. There are no quarantine requirements. Visitors should also expect medical screenings at the airport. Learn more about travel in Kosovo on the U.S. embassy website .

Visitors to Kyrgyzstan must provide proof of a negative test taken no more than 72 hours before arrival. There are also health screenings in place at airports, but there are no daily restrictions or curfews in place. For more information, visit the embassy website .

American travelers coming from the U.S. can only enter Latvia for tourism purposes if they can prove they are fully vaccinated. Testing is not required. To learn more about entrance to Latvia, visit the embassy website .

Lebanon allows people to travel from the United States as long as they provide proof of a negative COVID-19 test taken within 48 hours of traveling to this Middle Eastern country. Vaccinated travelers can bypass testing requirements. However, there are travel restrictions in place throughout the country as well as a curfew, as stated on the embassy website .

To enter Liberia, visitors must complete a health screening arrival form online and pay $75 for a coronavirus test to be taken upon arrival in Liberia. Authorities recommend completing the payment online before arrival. They will also be subject to temperature checks at the Liberian airports. However, there is no required quarantine period nor restrictions on interstate travel. A tourist visa is required for travel, according to the embassy website .

Lithuania is welcoming only vaccinated U.S. tourists. Vaccination is considered valid as long as it has been less than 270 days since the final dose. There are no testing or quarantine requirements website .

U.S. citizens are only allowed to visit Luxembourg if they are fully vaccinated. For the most up to date information, visit the embassy website .

Many resorts and hotels have reopened in the Maldives, and American travelers can experience a once-in-a-lifetime vacation here after providing proof of a negative COVID-19 test taken no more than 96 hours before arrival. They must also complete a Traveler Health Declaration form. For more information, visit the country's tourism board updates page .

[Read: The Most Beautiful Maldives Resorts .]

Only vaccinated Americans are permitted to visit Malta. Travelers must provide their CDC vaccination card and fill out a public health form. As of Aug. 1, vaccination cards must be approved through the VeriFLY app. If you arrive without a vaccination card, you’ll be subject to testing and forced to quarantine for 14 days at a government-mandated hotel (or otherwise face a fine). Find the most up-to-date information on the embassy website .

Americans can visit this island nation as long as they provide proof of negative test results taken within 72 hours of travel. They must also stay in an approved resort . Unvaccinated visitors must remain in their hotel room (meals will be delivered to you) for 14 days, with tests on day seven and day 14. Vaccinated visitors are allowed to move about the island after testing negative on day seven. After day 14, all visitors can explore the island. For more information, visit the embassy website .

Americans can embark on a vacation in Mexico without taking a COVID-19 test prior to traveling. While travel across the land border between the U.S. and Mexico remains limited to essential trips, nonessential travel has resumed via air. Travelers will be subject to health screenings upon arrival and should note there are some cities around the country that have curfews and other health restrictions in place. Additionally, cases are on the rise in some Mexico states, so be sure to travel with caution. Learn more about traveling while in Mexico at the embassy website .

[Read: The Best Hotels in Mexico .]

This Eastern European country is now open to American travelers as long as they provide proof of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 72 hours before travel. Those who can provide proof of COVID-19 vaccination or proof of recovery are exempt from the testing requirements. There are no quarantine requirements or travel restrictions once in the country. For more information, visit the embassy website .

Anyone entering this ritzy city-state from the U.S. must show either proof of full vaccination course, proof of recovery from coronavirus (between 11 days and six months prior). For more information, visit Monaco’s government website .

A negative COVID-19 test or a coronavirus antibody test taken no more than 72 hours prior to arrival is required for Americans visiting Montenegro. (Those who are vaccinated do not have to take a test but must show proof that vaccination occurred at least seven days prior to traveling. A positive antibody test can also replace proof of PCR test.) Visitors should be careful not to stop in any of the banned countries before arriving in Montenegro, though. Find the restricted countries on the Institute of Public Health in Montenegro website .

Morocco, the African country most frequented by tourists, has reopened to Americans. Visitors must show proof of a negative test taken no more than 48 hours prior to travel and submit to rapid antigen testing upon arrival. Learn more about the rules applying to specific travelers on the embassy website ; additional info is available on the Morocco tourism board website as well.

Tourists (ages 5 and older) entering Namibia must provide a negative COVID-19 test performed no more than 72 hours before their initial flight, according to the embassy website . There are additional health screenings in place at airports but no restrictions on travel within the country once a tourist has passed all these tests.

As long as you show proof of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 72 hours prior to boarding your flight, you can visit Nepal from the U.S. Travelers must also show proof of insurance as well as a tourist visa. Read more on the embassy website .

The Netherlands

The Netherlands considers the U.S. a “very high-risk” country, so American travelers can only enter the country if they can show proof of full vaccination and proof of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 72 hours prior to travel. They must also quarantine for 10 days, unless they test negative on day five.

[Read: The Best Hotels in Netherlands .]

Americans are allowed to enter Nicaragua as long as they provide proof of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 72 hours before entry. . For more information, visit the U.S. embassy website .

Visitors to Niger must present a negative COVID-19 test result taken no more than 72 hours prior to landing in this West African country. The embassy website also states American visitors will be subject to medical screening measures upon entry.

American travelers older than 10 must provide negative COVID-19 test results taken within the previous 48 hours before departure to this country. Fully vaccinated travelers can show proof of immunization instead of testing. They must also sign a health declaration before traveling and pay out of pocket for a retest after spending seven days in Nigeria, according to the embassy website .

North Macedonia

As of Sept. 1, American travelers must provide either a COVID-19 vaccination certificate, a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours prior to travel or a certificate of recovery issued within the previous 45 days. They may be subject to medical screening at the airport, according to the embassy website .

Before jetting off to this sunny Central American nation, travelers must present their Electronic Health Affidavit, according to the tourism website . However, unvaccinated visitors must show proof of a negative coronavirus test taken within 72 hours of their trip. If the test is expired, travelers will be subject to further testing at the airport at their own cost. They also have to quarantine in a hotel for 72 hours. Note that upon arrival, there are additional health screening measures in place, including temperature checks.

You can travel from the U.S. to Paraguay without any quarantine requirements as long as you can show proof of vaccination. Unvaccinated visitors are not permitted to enter. For more information, visit the embassy website .

Americans can enter Peru as long as they provide results of a negative real-time COVID-19 test, a negative antigen test result or a medical certificate of epidemiological discharge no more than 48 hours old. Proof of vaccination can be presented in lieu of test results. Health screenings are also in place at airports. For more information, visit the embassy website .

Philippines

Americans can now travel to the Philippines if they have valid visas. Vaccinated visitors must show proof of vaccination and a negative test taken no more than 48 hours prior to travel. Unvaccinated American visitors must abide by the same testing requirements, complete a facility-based quarantine and submit to repeat testing on the fifth day. For more information, visit the Philippine Airlines website .

Americans are allowed to travel to Poland as long as they can show proof of negative test results taken no more than 24 hours before landing in Poland. A seven-day quarantine is mandatory except for those who provide a negative antigen or PCR test taken within 24 hours of crossing the border and are considered fully vaccinated (or recovered). For more information, visit the embassy website .

U.S. citizens can visit Portugal’s charming cities and scenic coastline as long as they show proof of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 72 hours (or 48 hours for antigen tests) before arrival, regardless of vaccination status. Rules may differ in the Azores and Madeira, so be sure to check for updates on your specific destination. Stay up to date on the regulations – which are reviewed every two weeks – by visiting the embassy website .

[Read: The Best Hotels in Portugal .]

Puerto Rico

American travelers who show proof of vaccination and submit a completed Travel Declaration Form are free to explore the island, according to the tourism board website . Unvaccinated travelers must show proof of a negative test taken no more than 48 hours prior to arrival. Anyone who doesn’t test within this time period must quarantine for seven days. Travelers will have to follow rules in public spaces regarding social distancing and mask-wearing. It’s also important to note that proof of vaccination is required at many public establishments across the island.

[Read: The Best Hotels in Puerto Rico .]

All travelers to Qatar must take a negative coronavirus test no more than 72 hours prior to boarding. Once in the country, unvaccinated American travelers must quarantine for five days. If vaccinated, you can bypass quarantine requirements. For more information, see the country’s Ministry of Public Health website or the U.S. embassy website .

Americans visiting Romania must either show proof of immunization, proof of recovery within the last 180 days or proof of a negative test taken no more than 72 hours before arrival. Those who show proof of a negative test must also quarantine for five days. Vaccinated visitors can bypass these testing and quarantine requirements. For more information, visit the Romania tourism board website .

Americans can travel to Russia as long as they provide proof of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than two days prior to travel and obtain a travel visa. There is no required quarantine upon arrival, but each local jurisdiction can set its own quarantine requirements. Note if not flying directly to Russia, Americans must transit through certain government-approved countries to be allowed entry. Keep in mind, the U.S. State Department still discourages travel to Russia due to terrorism and has placed a Level 4 Do Not Travel warning on the country. For more information on applying for a tourist visa and traveling to Russia, visit the U.S. embassy website .

While American tourists are allowed to visit Rwanda, the country's government goes to great lengths to reduce the spread of coronavirus from tourism, according to the embassy website . First, tourists must present negative coronavirus test results taken within 72 hours of their trip, and they must fill out a Passenger Locator Form, which details their passport information and travel plan. Upon arrival, Americans will partake in health screenings at their port of entry, and will then travel to a designated transit hotel as they await the results of a second COVID-19 test (paid at their own expense). Self-isolation is required until the results of this second test prove to be negative.

Saudi Arabia

All travelers regardless of vaccination status must show proof of a negative test taken no more than 48 hours prior to arrival in Saudi Arabia. While in the country, vaccinations and booster shots are required to enter most public spaces. For the most up-to-date information, visit the embassy website .

U.S. citizens entering Senegal from the states must provide negative coronavirus test results taken no more than five days before their arrival. Proof of immunization is accepted in lieu of test results. Health screenings are also in place at Senegal's ports of entry. Use the guidelines provided on the embassy website to plan your trip to Senegal.

This Balkan nation is allowing American visitors as long as they provide results of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 48 hours before arrival (or proof of vaccination). To curb the spread of coronavirus, many businesses and restaurants operate under restricted hours. Learn more at the embassy website .

[Read: The Best Hotels in Serbia .]

This pristine group of islands off the coast of Africa has opened its doors to American travelers who obtain a Health Travel Authorization visa and can show proof of a negative coronavirus test taken 72 hours prior to travel. Visit the Seychelles tourism board website for more information.

Sierra Leone

Before visiting Sierra Leone, Americans must show negative COVID-19 test results received no more than a week before departure. American travelers should also be prepared to take two COVID-19 tests upon arrival – a rapid diagnostic blood sample test and a diagnostic nasal swab test. The tests cost $80 at the traveler’s expense. For more information about Sierra Leone’s policies, visit the embassy website .

Singapore allows Americans to visit as long as they show proof of a negative test taken no more than 48 hours before arrival. They must also submit to testing upon arrival. Americans can apply to the Vaccinated Travel Lane and, if approved, they will not face quarantine restrictions. In order to apply for the VTL, travelers must be vaccinated. Learn more at the embassy website or on Singapore’s government website .

Sint Maarten

Vaccinated American travelers who have received a booster can enter the Dutch Sint Maarten without testing. Those who are vaccinated but not boosted – and those who are unvaccinated – must show proof of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 48 hours prior to travel. Everyone must complete an EHAS application to enter. For more information, visit the country’s government website .

Americans can travel to Slovakia without prior testing. However, unvaccinated travelers will be subject to a five-day quarantine upon arrival. Vaccinated travelers are exempt from quarantine. Learn more on the country’s immigration website .

South Africa

This popular African vacation destination is once again open to American visitors. Any travelers to South Africa will need to present a negative COVID-19 test taken no more than 72 hours before departure. If they don’t provide test results, they will be required to quarantine at their own cost. There is a nightly curfew in place, and social distancing is strictly enforced. Note: The U.S. Department of State has moved South Africa, as well as some other nearby countries, to the Level 4: Do Not Travel list due to concerns about the omicron variant. For more information about what your trip to South Africa will look like, visit the embassy website .

South Korea

Travelers from the United States are permitted to visit South Korea as long as they show proof of a negative coronavirus test taken within 48 hours of travel. There is a mandatory seven-day quarantine requirement, but select travelers may apply for quarantine exemptions. Travelers must also answer daily health questions through a mobile app to help the government monitor the spread of disease. Learn more at the embassy Learn more at the embassy website .

Vaccinated American travelers can now sip sangria and sample tapas in this popular European vacation destination. Testing is not required, but as of Sept. 6 showing proof of vaccination is mandatory to visit Spain. American travelers also need to obtain a QR code from the online Spain Travel Health portal to gain entry. For more information and updates, visit the U.S. embassy in Spain website .

[Read: The Best Hotels in Spain .]

Sri Lanka is now open to American citizens, providing they show proof of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 72 hours before arrival. There will be health screenings in place at the airport and there are curfews in different regions throughout the country. Vaccinated individuals can stay anywhere in the country, but unvaccinated people must stay for eight days and seven nights at an approved accommodation. They can only visit specified tourist sites. For more information, visit the country’s official protocol website .

Fully vaccinated Americans can visit St. Barts as long as they show proof of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 72 hours before traveling. Visit the embassy website for more travel specifics.

St. Kitts & Nevis

As of May 29, only fully vaccinated American travelers can enter St. Kitts & Nevis. Previously, all Americans could enter but restrictions changed as a result of new coronavirus cases on the island. (Note: Unvaccinated travelers 18 or younger can still enter the country if they’re traveling with fully vaccinated guardians.) Travelers must complete a travel authorization form by uploading proof of vaccination as well as negative coronavirus test results taken no more than 72 hours before traveling. They also must vacation in place for until they receive negative results from their arrival test. The St. Kitts tourism website and the Nevis tourism website are frequently updated with information regarding entry.

[Read: The Best Hotels in St. Kitts & Nevis .]

Armed with a negative coronavirus test taken no more than five days before their trip to St. Lucia , Americans (5 and older) can visit this picturesque island nation. Before arrival, travelers will have to fill out a travel registration form, confirm reservations at a certified property and upload their negative test results in an online portal. Travelers must also adhere to the medical screening procedures at the country's airport and unvaccinated travelers must stay in place at an approved facility for at least 14 days or the duration of their vacation. However, fully vaccinated travelers are free to leave their hotels and explore the island. Visit the embassy website or the tourism board website before traveling to learn more specifics.

[Read: The Best Hotels in St. Lucia .]

This Caribbean nation allows Americans to visit as long as they provide negative test results taken no more than 120 hours prior to departure, depending on which airport they’ll be flying to. In addition, travelers must fill out a mandatory health authorization application prior to departure. St. Maarten also requires travelers to have health insurance coverage that will cover COVID-19 related expenses. Unvaccinated travelers must quarantine for seven days upon arrival, but vaccinated travelers can bypass this requirement. Find more details on the U.S. embassy website and the country’s entrance website, which is frequently updated with the most recent travel entry requirements.

[Read: The Best Hotels in St. Martin – St. Maarten .]

St. Vincent and the Grenadines

Americans looking to visit St. Vincent and the Grenadines will be subject to many coronavirus tests, according to the embassy website . The first must be taken no more than 72 hours before arrival in the island nation. If you are unvaccinated, another test might be administered upon arrival and a 14-day quarantine period in an approved hotel is mandatory. Visitors must take another test between four and seven days after arrival, then continue to vacation in place.

[Read: The Best Hotels in St. Vincent and the Grenadines .]

Americans can enter this Nordic country as long as they show proof of vaccination and show proof of negative test results taken no more than 48 hours prior to travel. There are no quarantine requirements. For more information, visit the embassy website .

Switzerland

This popular tourist destination is open to Americans who complete an entry form, show proof of vaccination and provide proof of a negative coronavirus test. If you are not vaccinated, you cannot enter solely for tourism purposes. To enter many public spaces, everyone needs a Swiss vaccine certificate; you can use the information provided here to apply for a certificate. For more up to date information, visit the embassy website or the Swiss government website .

[Read: The Best Hotels in Switzerland. ]

American tourists visiting Tanzania will be required to partake in health screenings upon arrival. They must also provide proof of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than three days before arrival in the country. Visit the U.S. Embassy in Tanzania website before planning a trip here.

Thailand is now open to all vaccinated visitors and has no quarantine requirements in place. However, before traveling, you must book a stay in a government-approved hotel for the first and fifth nights of your trip; you’ll also need to prepay for two coronavirus tests. Visitors must also show proof of a negative test taken no more than 72 hours prior to arrival. For more information, visit the U.S. embassy website. For more information, visit the country’s official tourism website .

Trinidad and Tobago

As of July 17, fully vaccinated American travelers are permitted to enter Trinidad and Tobago. They must take present a negative coronavirus test result for entry and register for a travel pass at least 72 hours prior to arrival; visitors will be subject to health screenings upon arrival as well. For more information, visit the embassy website.

[Read: The Best Hotels in Trinidad and Tobago .]

This North African country, known for its Mediterranean climate, is now open to American visitors. Americans must show proof of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 72 hours before arrival. Additionally, visitors will be required to complete a 14-day self-quarantine before setting out to explore Tunisia (or they can test out of quarantine on the seventh day). Travelers should also note there is a nationwide curfew from 10 p.m. until 5 a.m. every night. Learn more on the embassy website .

Unvaccinated American visitors to Turkey must show proof of a negative test taken no more than 72 hours before their flight. Vaccinated travelers can bypass testing by showing their vaccine cards. Passengers will also be required to fill out an entry form within 72 hours of their flights. Note: Many establishments in Turkey require guests to be fully vaccinated to enter. Learn more about travel to Turkey on the embassy website .

[Read: The Best Hotels in Turkey .]

Turks and Caicos

A popular vacation spot among Americans, Turks and Caicos allows visitors from the states as long as all travelers older than 16 are fully vaccinated. Everyone must also show proof of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 72 hours prior to arrival. Travelers also must share health information in the form of a questionnaire. Learn more about COVID-19 in Turks and Caicos on the country's tourism website .

[Read: The Best Hotels in Turks and Caicos .]

Americans can travel to Uganda if they provide proof of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 120 hours before departure. They also must take another test upon arrival at their own expense and quarantine until results are available. For more information, visit the U.S. embassy website .

Americans entering Ukraine must show either proof of a negative test taken no more than 72 hours before travel, proof of a negative rapid antigen test or proof of vaccination. They must also demonstrate they have adequate health insurance to cover any coronavirus costs before entering the country, according to the U.S. embassy in Ukraine website .

[Read: The Best Hotels in the Ukraine .]

United Arab Emirates

All travelers arriving from the U.S. must still show proof of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 72 hours before arrival. Each emirate has differing quarantine requirements for incoming travelers. There are advanced medical screening measures in place at the ports of entry. Additionally, there are varying measures and interstate travel restrictions in place depending which emirate you're traveling to. To help safely plan your trip to the UAE, visit the embassy website .

United Kingdom

Fully vaccinated Americans must provide proof of vaccination and a passenger locator form to enter the U.K. Unvaccinated travelers must provide proof of a negative test taken no more than 48 hours prior to arrival and pay for another test to be taken within two days after arrival. Many major airports in the U.K. offer walk-in or drive-thru testing sites at the airport so you can test upon arrival and receive your result within 24 hours. For more information, visit the U.K.’s coronavirus website .

[Read: The Best Hotels in England ; the Best Hotels in Wales ; the Best Hotels in Scotland ; the Best Hotels in Northern Ireland .]

U.S. Virgin Islands

Americans can visit this U.S. territory in the Caribbean after showing proof of a negative COVID-19 test result taken within five days of travel and providing their travel authorization certificate from the USVI Travel Screening Portal. Tests are required for all travelers 5 and older. Upon arrival, all U.S. Virgin Islands visitors will have their temperature taken and must complete a traveler screening questionnaire. Visit this website for more information on traveling here.

[Read: The Best Hotels in the U.S. Virgin Islands .]

Americans can visit this country in Central Asia after providing proof of a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 72 hours prior to traveling. Additional health screenings are in place at ports of entry but there are no quarantine requirements. For more information, visit the embassy website .

Americans can now enter Venezuela as long as they come prepared with a negative coronavirus test taken within 48 hours of arrival in this South American country. There are no curfews or quarantine requirements in place. For more information, visit the embassy website .

Zambia now allows all international travelers to enter the country. Those visiting from America need to show a negative COVID-19 test result taken within 72 hours of travel. If you exhibit coronavirus symptoms upon arrival, you'll be subject to a 14-day quarantine period in a government-appointed area. Learn more about travel to Zambia on the embassy website .

Americans can travel to Zimbabwe after taking a coronavirus test and receiving a negative result issued no more than 48 hours prior to arrival. There is no required quarantine for travelers (in most cases) but there is a daily curfew from 6:30 p.m. until 6 a.m. There are also restrictions in public spaces like restaurants. For more information, visit the embassy website .

Domestically

Keep in mind, you don't need to leave the country to have a memorable vacation. While international destinations are tempting, there are plenty of enjoyable places to safely vacation around the U.S. Trade the Maldives for Maui, Hawaii , the Swiss Alps for Vail, Colorado , or an African safari for an adrenaline-filled Jeep ride through the desert of Sedona, Arizona . You can even find many lesser-known destinations around the country – such as St. Augustine, Florida ; Leavenworth, Washington; or Holland, Michigan – that feel more like Europe than America.

Choosing a domestic vacation has its perks, especially during a pandemic. You won't have to worry about visa restrictions, issues with entry or last-minute country closures ruining your trip. (Though note some states are imposing their own travel restrictions and quarantine rules.) Not to mention, you might find a little slice of paradise close to home that you can continue to visit.

You may also be interested in:

  • The 15 Best Face Masks for Travel
  • Where Can You Travel if You're Vaccinated?
  • When Will Cruises Resume?
  • Is It Safe to Travel? How to Vacation Safely During the COVID-19 Pandemic
  • The Best Travel Insurance Companies
  • The Cheapest Travel Insurance Companies
  • What to Do If Your Flight is Canceled

Tags: Coronavirus , Vacation Ideas , Travel Tips

World's Best Places To Visit

  • # 1 South Island, New Zealand
  • # 4 Bora Bora

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U.S. Welcomes Back Foreign Travelers—As Long As They're Vaccinated

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Key Takeaways

  • As of November 8, fully vaccinated foreign travelers can fly into the United States.
  • Both vaccinated American and foreign travelers need to show proof of a negative COVID-19 test within three days of travel. Any unvaccinated travelers need to show proof of a negative test within a day of travel.
  • Increased travel could mean increased exposure to COVID-19. Protect yourself by getting vaccinated if you haven’t already, and wearing your mask at airports and during flights.
  • Rules could change if cases of COVID cases increase in the U.S. Whether you are traveling overseas yourself or expecting company, look out for emails from your airline, which will alert you if any regulations change. 

As of November 8, foreign travelers who are fully vaccinated against COVID-19 are welcome to enter the United States by plane. 

Travelers will need to adhere to guidance issued by the White House , U.S. Department of State , and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Protective measures include mandatory COVID-19 testing before the flight and recommended testing after landing.

U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents do not need to be fully vaccinated before flying from a foreign country into the United States, but will need to take a COVID-19 test within a day of departure. 

A limited number of unvaccinated individuals from other countries—such as people from nations where under 10% of the population has been vaccinated—will be allowed to enter, but will also need to follow preflight testing rules. Visas for these unvaccinated travelers won’t be issued for business or leisure trips. The State Department issued a narrow list of qualifying situations, like coming to the U.S. for lifesaving treatment or accompanying someone who is.

The White House calls the rules “stringent, consistent across the globe, and guided by public health.” Both health and immigration leaders applauded the regulations.

“[These regulations] get at the idea that there is the need for social and economic life,” Wafaa El-Sadr, MD, MPH, the chair of global health at Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health in New York City, tells Verywell. “It’s impossible to achieve a risk-free situation. Life is full of risks. The goal should always be to minimize [COVID] risk, not to aim for removing all risk, because that’s impossible unless you don’t interact with anyone.”

Here’s a recap of what the rules include.

Foreign Travelers Must Be Fully Vaccinated

Beginning November 8, non-citizen, non-immigrant air travelers to the U.S. must be fully vaccinated and provide proof of vaccination in order to board a flight. They must also have an ID that matches their personal vaccine information.

The definition of “fully vaccinated” is vaccine dependent. Recipients of the Johnson & Johnson, for example, only need one dose, while Pfizer and Moderna vaccines require two doses. Either way, a traveler must be at least two weeks past the date of their final dose in order to fly to the U.S.

The U.S. is welcoming recipients of any COVID-19 vaccination that is authorized or approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) or the World Health Organization (WHO). Sputnik V, a Russian vaccine, is an example of a shot that wouldn’t make the cut because it is not recognized by the FDA or WHO.

All Travelers Need to Test

Slightly different testing rules apply depending on whether a traveler is vaccinated or unvaccinated. 

If you are fully vaccinated , you’ll need to show a negative COVID-19 test taken within three days of your departure date along with your proof of vaccination. This test can be either a viral test, like a PCR test (the gold standard at most testing sites), or an antigen test (often called a rapid test). 

If you’re unvaccinated , you’ll need to show a negative COVID test taken within 24 hours of your flight.

If you have recently recovered from COVID-19 , you will need to show a record of a positive test result within the past 90 days and a letter from a licensed healthcare provider or public health official confirming you’ve been cleared to travel.

Post-Travel Testing Is Encouraged

While the U.S. is not requiring post-travel testing, the CDC does recommend it both for U.S. and foreign travelers.  

For fully vaccinated travelers , U.S. or foreign, the CDC advises: 

  • Get tested with a PCR test 3 to 5 days after travel.
  • If your test is positive, isolate yourself to prevent others from getting infected.
  • Self-monitor for COVID-19 symptoms; isolate and get tested if you develop symptoms.

For unvaccinated foreign or U.S. travelers: 

  • Get tested with a PCR test 3 to 5 days after travel AND stay home and self-quarantine for a full 7 days after travel.
  • Even if you test negative, stay home and self-quarantine for the full 7 days.
  • If your test is positive, isolate yourself to protect others from getting infected.
  • If you don’t get tested, stay home and self-quarantine for 10 days after travel.
  • Avoid being around people who are at increased risk for severe illness for 14 days, whether you get tested or not.

What About Children?

While travel rules could change given that vaccines for children age 5 through 11 are now eligible for COVID-19 vaccination, for now, the U.S. rules for foreign travelers exempt anyone under 18 from the vaccine requirement “given both the ineligibility of some younger children for vaccination, as well as the global variability in access to vaccination for older children who are eligible to be vaccinated,” according to the White House.

As for testing, kids ages 2 through 17 have to take a predeparture test. Kids traveling with a fully vaccinated adult can test within three days before a flight, but if traveling alone or with an unvaccinated parent, will have to test within one day of the flight.

Who Gets an Exception?

There is a very limited set of exceptions from the vaccination requirement for foreign nationals, including: 

  • Children under 18
  • Certain COVID-19 vaccine clinical trial participants
  • People who can document a medical reason for not taking the vaccine (such as an allergy to it or its components) 
  • People traveling for emergency or humanitarian reasons (with a U.S. government-issued letter confirming an urgent need to travel)
  • People traveling on non-tourist visas from countries with low vaccine availability—such as Afghanistan and Senegal— based on a list that will be regularly updated .

People granted exemptions will have to sign an attestation that they will comply with public health requirements. The CDC also recommends but doesn’t require that foreign travelers who are planning to remain in the U.S. for more than 60 days get a COVID-19 vaccination in the U.S.

Contact Tracing Procedures Are in Place 

Airlines are required to collect U.S. contact information for travelers and hand the information over to the CDC if it’s determined that a traveler was infected during a flight or exposed to someone who was.

Travel Is Still Up in the Air for Students

The timing of the new regulations should work well for foreign students and scholars who hope to get to the U.S. in time for the spring semester, says Rachel Banks, senior director for public policy and legislative strategy at the National Association of International Educators, in Washington, D.C. However, Banks tells Verywell she is concerned about the backlog of visas that already exists. In a call with reporters last week, state department officials noted the delay.

The Room for COVID-19 Risk Remains

While the new regulations do bring an element of risk, that should be seen as a reasonable tradeoff, says Keri Althoff, MPH, PhD , an associate professor of epidemiology at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore. “There is an increased risk of new strain or more people coming in infected, but no one coming in is not sustainable,” Althoff tells Verywell. “In order to resume travel, we have to take the next step of figuring out how to lower risk.” 

Althoff says the new travel rules for foreigners should serve as one more reason to get vaccinated, whether you’re an American or not. 

“It’s also why it’s so important for everyone to continue precautions such as masking and social distancing, especially at airports, which are likely to be much more crowded now.” 

For now, masking in airports and on airplanes is determined by the Transportation Security Administration (TSA). Mask mandates are in place through January 18, 2022, and could be extended. 

In a statement, the American Immigration Lawyers Association called the White House announcement “welcome news” and noted that “businesses, families, and communities have suffered from the points of entry being closed. Cross-border travel is a key part of how we will build back from the pandemic's impact.”

What This Means For You

The lifting of travel restrictions is one step closer to “normal.” But an influx of travelers means it’s more important than ever to keep up your guard against COVID-19. Vaccinations, precautionary testing, and masking during travel are all measures you can take to keep yourself and others healthy.

The information in this article is current as of the date listed, which means newer information may be available when you read this. For the most recent updates on COVID-19, visit our  coronavirus news page .

By Fran Kritz Fran Kritz is a freelance healthcare reporter with a focus on consumer health and health policy. She is a former staff writer for Forbes Magazine and U.S. News and World Report.

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These Countries Are Open to Vaccinated Travelers

Canada opened to vaccinated americans in august, and numerous european countries changed their entry requirements in september. here’s the complete list..

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These Countries Are Open to Vaccinated Travelers

As of August 9, Canada reopened to vaccinated U.S. travelers.

Photo by Scott Bennie/Shutterstock

After the European Council removed the United States from its approved travel list on August 30, numerous European countries adjusted their entry requirements. Several that had been open to unvaccinated travelers before are now only open to the vaccinated, including France, Germany, Italy, and Spain. While vaccinated travelers are still largely being allowed into Europe, there are some exceptions, including Sweden and Bulgaria, which recently implemented renewed bans on travel from the U.S. following the August 30 European Council decision.

Elsewhere in the world, other destinations are newly opened or remain open to vaccinated travelers, too. In some cases, countries may be open to both vaccinated and unvaccinated visitors, but with different entry requirements for each. Some countries have added a COVID testing requirement even for vaccinated travelers in light of the recent Delta variant–spurred surge. And others might only be letting vaccinated travelers enter for the time being, or vaccinated travelers can forgo an otherwise prohibitive quarantine.

There are also a wide variety of exceptions for children who are too young to be vaccinated . Depending on their age, they may get a pass entirely when traveling with vaccinated or COVID-tested parents or guardians, or they may need to present a negative COVID test result and/or quarantine.

The global web of rules and restrictions remains a changing and complicated one, even as vaccination rates continue to climb in the United States and abroad.

Before traveling internationally, be sure to check the U.S. State Department’s detailed COVID-19 travel information and country-specific advisories for the destinations you are heading to because travel restrictions may change from what is listed below. And be aware that all international passengers age two and older flying into the U.S. (including returning U.S. citizens and permanent residents) must provide proof of a negative COVID-19 test procured within three days before boarding their flight to the United States, regardless of whether they are vaccinated.

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) also has detailed recommendations for travel during the pandemic, both for vaccinated and unvaccinated travelers.

Countries open to vaccinated travelers

Whether or not you’re vaccinated, you can, of course, still travel. You can drive or fly to countless destinations across the U.S. , and you can even venture farther afield to Mexico, Costa Rica, Kenya, Tanzania, and other countries where Americans are allowed to enter regardless of vaccination status, typically when armed with negative COVID test results.

In the following list, we’ve included some of the destinations that allow both vaccinated and unvaccinated travelers to offer a more comprehensive picture of where vaccinated travelers can visit. We did not include any destinations that have a prohibitive quarantine requirement in place for vaccinated travelers based on the assumption that if there is a longer quarantine requirement, the destination is not conducive to leisure travel.

We caution and remind travelers that just because a destination is open to American travelers, it does not necessarily mean that they should go . Many destinations throughout the world, including the United States, were experiencing Delta variant–fueled COVID case surges at press time. Governments and the CDC have warned that the Delta variant and other emerging COVID variants are more transmissible. Travelers should continue to look at the entire picture when planning trips abroad.

These countries and territories are among the dozens of destinations now allowing vaccinated U.S. travelers to visit:

British Virgin Islands

Czech republic (czechia), el salvador.

  • French Polynesia (Tahiti)
  • Republic of Georgia

The Netherlands

Switzerland, united kingdom.

Here are more details on the entry requirements and travel restrictions for the countries granting entry to vaccinated U.S. travelers.

As of July 1, Anguilla is only allowing fully vaccinated travelers to visit the eastern Caribbean island—unvaccinated travelers cannot go unless they are citizens or residents. Vaccinated visitors will be tested for COVID-19 upon arrival and will be required to quarantine until they produce a negative result. Visitors to Anguilla will need to apply beforehand, and it’s recommended that travelers start the process at least seven days prior to travel. Anguilla’s tourist board has more information on the latest entry protocols .

According to the U.S. Embassy in Armenia , international travelers entering Armenia must show proof of vaccination against COVID-19 completed at least 14 days prior to arrival or have proof of a negative COVID-19 test result taken within 72 hours of arrival. Without these, they are required to take a COVID test upon arrival and quarantine until the results are received. Children under age six are exempt.

The Caribbean island of Aruba is open to American travelers. Regardless of vaccination status, those 15 years of age and older traveling from the U.S. must present a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken with three days (but not less than four hours) prior to travel to Aruba. Everyone heading to Aruba must fill out an embarkation/disembarkation (ED) card online form , and all are required to have travel insurance coverage.

Quarantine-free travel from the United States to Austria is allowed as long as travelers present a CDC-issued vaccination certificate indicating they received their second vaccine dose no more than 360 days prior to travel or have recovered from COVID-19 in the past 180 days. Unvaccinated travelers from the U.S. can still enter Austria but must pre-register , present a negative COVID-19 test upon arrival (a PCR from within 72 hours of travel, or an antigen from within 48 hours of travel), and they must quarantine for 10 days, according to the Austrian government .

For a Bahamas getaway COVID-19 testing is required again, vaccinated or not.

For a Bahamas getaway COVID-19 testing is required again, vaccinated or not.

Photo by Shutterstock

As of August 6, all international travelers who are fully vaccinated can enter the Bahamas but will need to show proof of a negative COVID-19 test (previously no test was required)—either a PCR or rapid antigen test taken no more than five days before arrival in the Bahamas. The name and address of the lab where the test was performed must be clearly displayed on the test result, authorities in the Bahamas advise. The same requirement applies to interisland travel.

Unvaccinated travelers age two and older will need to present a negative COVID-19 test as well. Those under two are exempt.

All arrivals must apply for a Bahamas Travel Health Visa , which can be submitted up to 14 days prior to travel. All the above health requirements can be uploaded to the online form.

Fully vaccinated U.S. travelers can travel to Barbados with a negative PCR test result from three days prior to travel and must then have a test done at the airport or at an approved hotel or resort accommodation. They must quarantine for one to two days as they await results. Unvaccinated travelers must quarantine for five to seven days and can’t leave their rooms at approved accommodations until their second negative PCR test result. Visit Barbados has all the latest COVID travel guidelines .

Have vaccine, will travel . . . to Belize.

Have vaccine, will travel . . . to Belize.

Photo by Aleksandar Todorovic/Shutterstock

All travelers to the Central American country of Belize must present a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 96 hours of travel or a negative COVID-19 antigen test from within 48 hours of travel. Without a test result, a COVID-19 test will be administered at the airport for a fee of $50 per passenger. Children under the age of five are exempt. If travelers test positive they will be placed into a mandatory 14-day quarantine in Belize at their own expense. Travel insurance is recommended.

Nonessential travel from the U.S. to Belgium is permitted provided travelers have a valid vaccine certificate, according to the U.S. Embassy in Belgium . Those who are not vaccinated are not permitted to enter Belgium for nonessential travel purposes. Travelers entering Belgium need to fill out a Passenger Locator Form no more than 48 hours before arrival.

Fully vaccinated travelers heading to the North Atlantic island of Bermuda may enter the British overseas territory but must still submit to several COVID-19 tests.

Vaccinated visitors who arrive with proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test from within 72 hours of flying to Bermuda must then take a postarrival PCR test and quarantine until a negative result is received. No additional quarantine is required, but additional tests must be taken on days 4, 8, and 14 of the stay in Bermuda. Vaccinated travelers who arrive without a valid negative COVID-19 PCR test result must quarantine until they receive a negative result on their day 4 test in Bermuda. After that they are no longer required to quarantine but must still test on days 8 and 14. Travelers under two are exempt.

As per the U.S. Embassy in Botswana , all international arrivals, regardless of vaccination status, must present a negative COVID-19 PCR test procured within 72 hours of departure for Botswana. All travelers leaving Botswana must also present a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours of departure.

Swap your face mask for a snorkel mask in the BVI.

Swap your face mask for a snorkel mask in the BVI.

As of July 12, fully vaccinated travelers arriving in the British Virgin Islands are able to travel freely within the territory after taking an approved rapid antigen test upon arrival and receiving negative results (typically within 24 hours). Vaccinated travelers will still need to provide a negative PCR or rapid antigen test result from within five days of travel and provide proof that it has been two weeks since receiving the second shot of an approved two-dose vaccine—including Moderna, Pfizer, or AstraZeneca—or one shot of a single-dose vaccine like Johnson & Johnson. Unvaccinated travelers will still be required to quarantine for a full four days after arriving, in addition to taking PCR tests within five days of travel and upon arrival. All nonresident travelers are required to have medical travel insurance that covers COVID-19 related costs. The BVI tourism board has more information on travel guidelines .

Effective August 9, Canadian officials have begun waiving the 14-day quarantine requirement for U.S. travelers who have been fully vaccinated at least 14 days prior to travel. Unvaccinated children traveling with vaccinated parents will not have to quarantine either. Regardless of vaccination status, all international arrivals will need a pre-entry COVID-19 PCR result; fully vaccinated travelers will not need a postarrival test unless they are randomly selected to take a PCR test at the airport. All travelers arriving into Canada must submit their information via the ArriveCAN portal .

Americans, regardless of vaccination status, have been able to enter Costa Rica since last fall, as long as they had proof of health insurance. But starting August 1, the health insurance requirement has been dropped for vaccinated travelers.

Come for the coastline, stay for Croatia’s Plitvice Lakes National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Come for the coastline, stay for Croatia’s Plitvice Lakes National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Leisure travelers can enter Croatia if they present a COVID-19 vaccination certificate (the final dose must have been administered at least 14 days and no more than 270 days prior to arrival); can present a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken no more than 72 hours prior to arrival or a negative antigen test taken no more than 48 hours before arrival in Croatia; or were diagnosed with and recovered from COVID-19 (there are several very specific requirements for this, so confirm the latest with the Croatian government ). Children under 12 are exempt.

The U.S. Embassy in Croatia reminds travelers that they must fill out an arrival form at Enter Croatia before reaching the border.

Cyprus is following a color-coded system for COVID travel requirements. At press time, the United States was classified as red, meaning that travelers from the U.S. to Cyprus must provide proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test procured within 72 hours of departure and complete an online Cyprus Flight Pass form . They will also need to pay 15–19 euros (US$18–$22) for a PCR test that they will take upon arrival in Cyprus; the result will be available within three hours online . Children under 12 are exempt from the testing.

The Czech Republic now considers the United States a country with very high risk, and as such U.S. travelers must present proof of vaccination or proof of having recovered from COVID-19 within the last 180 days. Those who are unvaccinated will need to provide a negative COVID-19 PCR test from within 72 hours of travel or a negative antigen test from within 48 hours of travel to the Czech Republic. They will then be required to take another PCR test five days after arrival and will have to quarantine until a negative result is procured, according to the Czech government .

Vaccinated U.S. travelers are still welcome to enter Denmark , but those who have recovered from COVID-19 now need a “worthy purpose” to enter—such as for work, studies, family, legal, or real estate matters—and unvaccinated U.S. travelers must quarantine after arrival in addition to providing a negative COVID-19 PCR test from within 72 hours of boarding and then getting tested again upon arrival. (They didn’t have to quarantine before.)

Prior to traveling to the Caribbean island of Dominica , all travelers must fill out an online health form at least 24 hours before arrival. At the link, those who have been fully vaccinated at least two weeks before arrival will need to upload their COVID-19 vaccination certificate. They will also need to submit a negative COVID-19 PCR test result from within 24 to 72 hours of arrival and submit payment of approximately $37 for an antigen test that will be conducted upon arrival. Unvaccinated travelers will also need to submit a negative PCR test and pay for and take a rapid antigen test after arrival; they then also must quarantine for five days. On day 5 they will take a PCR test and will be released from quarantine when the result comes back negative, typically within 48 hours.

Ecuador’s wildlife-filled Galápagos archipelago is now available to vaccinated travelers.

Ecuador’s wildlife-filled Galápagos archipelago is now available to vaccinated travelers.

On March 17, Ecuador issued new guidelines for entering the country that went into effect on March 22: Anyone can enter Ecuador as long as they have a COVID-19 vaccination certificate, can present a negative COVID-19 PCR or antigen test taken no more than three days prior to arrival in Ecuador, or were diagnosed with and recovered from COVID-19 and are symptom free. Children under two years of age are exempt.

Visitors will be asked about and screened for symptoms (such as fever, cough, general malaise, loss of smell, loss of taste) upon arrival in Ecuador and will be evaluated by health ministry personnel. If there’s cause for concern, travelers will be required to take a rapid antigen test and, if it comes back positive, isolate for 10 days at their own expense. If the rapid antigen test is negative, the visitor can continue on their trip and will not need to isolate.

Travelers in Ecuador must abide by safety protocols, including mandatory mask wearing, maintaining a social distance, and avoiding gatherings of more than 10 people.

Regardless of vaccination status, U.S. travelers entering Egypt must provide proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 96 hours of their flight, according to the U.S. Embassy in Egypt . Children under the age of six are exempt.

As of March 29, fully vaccinated U.S. travelers are no longer being asked to present a negative COVID-19 PCR test for entering El Salvador. But the U.S. Embassy in El Salvador cautions that travelers should verify with their airline that if they are vaccinated, they will be allowed to board without the negative COVID test result.

If you’re vaccinated, Estonia will have you.

If you’re vaccinated, Estonia will have you.

Photo by F-Focus by Mati Kose/Shutterstock

Estonia is only welcoming vaccinated U.S. travelers or unvaccinated travelers who are traveling for an essential work, study, or family reason. Travelers arrriving in Estonia must complete an online health declaration , according to the U.S. Embassy in Estonia .

Finland has reopened its borders to leisure travelers who have been fully vaccinated for COVID-19, including Americans, with the last dose having been administered at least 14 days prior to arrival.

Fully vaccinated U.S. travelers must present their CDC-issued vaccination certificate upon arrival in Finland, after which there will be no mandatory COVID-19 testing or quarantine.

Unvaccinated travelers from the United States are allowed to enter Finland for essential reasons only, according to the U.S. Embassy in Finland . They must also provide a negative COVID-19 test result, furnish proof of recent recovery from COVID-19, or take two COVID-19 tests upon arrival, the embassy advises.

Unvaccinated minors under 18 can enter with vaccinated parents or guardians.

On September 9, France moved the United States from its “green list” to its “orange list” of countries (or “amber list” depending on which section of the French government’s website you are looking at), meaning that unvaccinated U.S. travelers are no longer allowed to travel to France unless they have a pressing or compelling reason, such as being an EU citizen or resident, for an essential work purpose, or for studies.

Vaccinated travelers from the United States can continue to enter France with no additional requirements other than submitting a health declaration form . Americans who have recovered from COVID-19 within the past six months can present a certificate of recovery to enter France.

Unvaccinated minors traveling from the U.S. are allowed to enter France, but those age 12 and older will have to show a negative PCR or antigen test taken within 72 or 48 hours, respectively, before their flight.

As of July 21, visitors now need a special COVID pass to ride up the Eiffel Tower or visit French museums or movie theaters. To get the COVID pass, people must show they are either fully vaccinated, have a negative virus test, or provide proof they recently recovered from an infection.

French Polynesia

The French Polynesian islands of Tahiti reopened to vaccinated U.S. travelers on May 1. Travelers must show proof of having been fully vaccinated at least 14 days prior to arrival. Between 30 and 6 days before travel, they must fill out an online form , where they will upload their vaccine certificate. Vaccinated travelers must also submit their Tahiti booking itinerary along with contact information for their accommodations and travel providers. A negative COVID-19 PCR test carried out no more than 3 days prior to travel is required for all travelers age 18 and older. Children under the age of 18 aren’t subject to quarantine and can travel with their vaccinated parents or guardians.

Georgia’s Caucasus Mountains are accessible for those who have been vaccinated.

Georgia’s Caucasus Mountains are accessible for those who have been vaccinated.

Any fully vaccinated traveler arriving from any country, save for India, is allowed to enter Georgia by air as long as they present documentation confirming their COVID-19 vaccination status (if the vaccine required two doses, proof of both doses must be provided) or have recovered from COVID-19 at least 14 days prior to arrival.

Unvaccinated travelers arriving from the United States must present a negative COVID-19 PCR test result conducted within 72 hours before travel at the Georgian border. On their third day in Georgia, travelers must submit to a second PCR test.

Germany is no longer allowing unvaccinated Americans to enter for leisure travel after removing the United States from its list of unrestricted countries. Those arriving from countries that are not on the list must either be vaccinated or be traveling for an essential reason (such as an approved work purpose). For proof of vaccination, it must have been at least 14 days since the last vaccine dose was administered, and travelers must have a physical copy of their vaccine certificate. (A digital photo of a card will not be accepted.)

Travelers from the United States are allowed to enter Greece without having to quarantine if they meet certain conditions, according to the Greek government .

Those who have been vaccinated for COVID-19 at least 14 days prior to arrival do not need to quarantine and are also not required to provide a negative COVID-19 PCR test. Those who are not vaccinated will need to provide a negative COVID-19 PCR test that was conducted no more than 72 hours before arrival or a negative antigen test conducted no more than 48 hours prior to arrival in Greece. Children under 12 are exempt.

Every traveler must fill out a passenger locator form no more than 24 hours prior to arriving in Greece.

All international arrivals will be subject to random and mandatory health checks in Greece, which can include a rapid COVID-19 antigen test. Those who test positive for COVID will be transported to a quarantine hotel, paid for by the Greek government, where they will take a COVID-19 PCR test to confirm the results. For travelers who test positive again, they will remain in quarantine for at least 10 days, after which they will undergo a new round of testing to determine if they are COVID-free.

The Caribbean nation of Grenada reduced quarantine from seven days to two days for vaccinated travelers.

The Caribbean nation of Grenada reduced quarantine from seven days to two days for vaccinated travelers.

Fully vaccinated travelers can enter Grenada as long as they book an approved accommodation for a minimum of two nights, have a negative COVID test from no more than 72 hours prior to arrival, fill out a travel authorization (applications must be completed via travelauth.health.gov.gd) , get a PCR test upon arrival, and quarantine for up to 48 hours while awaiting the results. Children under 13 will quarantine with unvaccinated parents or guardians but are otherwise exempt. More information can be found via the Grenada Tourism Authority website and covid19.gov.gd .

Effective February 24, anyone entering Guatemala must present either a COVID-19 vaccine certificate with vaccination completed at least two weeks before arrival, a negative COVID-19 PCR or antigen test taken within 72 hours of arrival, or proof of having tested positive and recovered from COVID-19 within three months of arrival, according to the U.S. Embassy in Guatemala . Children under 10 are exempt.

Visit Hungary notes that those who have been vaccinated, who have recovered from COVID-19 within the past six months, or who present a negative molecular COVID test from within 72 hours of travel are not subject to travel restrictions in Hungary.

Vaccinated Americans can now visit Iceland.

Vaccinated Americans can now visit Iceland.

Iceland welcomes vaccinated travelers and those who have recovered from COVID-19 into the country. They will still have to submit a negative COVID-19 PCR or antigen test result from within 72 hours ahead of arrival. A second test after arrival is recommended but not required. Those who are not vaccinated may travel to Iceland as well, but they will have to submit to a COVID-19 test upon arriving in Iceland, quarantine for five days, and then undergo a second test after the five-day quarantine. Everyone needs to preregister before visiting the country.

Travelers must provide proof that they have been fully vaccinated (so two doses if two doses are required) at least 14 days prior to arrival.

Read more: Iceland Travel Restrictions Continue to Change—Here’s Everything You Need to Know

Travelers from all non-European countries, including the U.K. and the U.S., are allowed to enter Ireland as of July 19 as long as the country is not on the European Union’s “emergency brake” list—countries that have new or renewed restrictions applied to them due to a worsening epidemiological situation.

Travelers arriving from the U.S. must provide proof of COVID-19 vaccination in order to bypass otherwise mandatory COVID-19 testing and quarantine. Those without proof of vaccination will need to present evidence of a negative COVID-19 PCR test result taken within 72 hours before arrival. They will then need to quarantine after arrival and take a second postarrival test.

Read more: Ireland Has Reopened to U.S. Travelers—Here’s Everything You Need to Know About Visiting

In Italy , the latest changes have resulted in a new testing requirement for the vaccinated and no access for unvaccinated leisure travelers. Prior to August 31, Americans could enter Italy as long as they were vaccinated, had recovered from COVID, or presented a negative COVID test result. As of August 31, only those who are vaccinated or have recovered from COVID can enter (which means that unvaccinated leisure travelers won’t be allowed to enter), and they will also need to have a negative molecular or antigen COVID test result from within 72 hours of travel.

As of August 6, Italy requires people to have COVID passes to enter gyms, museums, and movie theaters, sit inside restaurants, and access other venues. To be eligible for a pass, individuals must prove they have received at least one vaccine dose in the last nine months, recovered from COVID-19 in the last six months, or tested negative in the previous 48 hours.

Regardless of vaccination status, U.S. travelers arriving in Kenya must present a QR code obtained after completing an online health questionnaire , and they will be asked to present a negative COVID-19 PCR test conducted within 96 hours prior to arrival. Arrivals will also be screened for their temperature and be asked if they have any flu-like symptoms.

U.S. travelers can bypass a quarantine in Lebanon if they provide proof of vaccination.

U.S. travelers can bypass a quarantine in Lebanon if they provide proof of vaccination.

According to the U.S. Embassy in Lebanon , U.S. citizens are allowed to enter Lebanon and may bypass the otherwise required COVID-19 tests (one from 96 hours before arrival, and a PCR test taken at the airport after arrival), as well as the mandatory 72-hour quarantine while awaiting the results of the airport test, if they have been fully vaccinated at least 15 days before arrival. They can also bypass the tests and quarantine if they have recovered from COVID-19 more than 15 days prior to arrival. Travelers under 12 are exempt.

As of June 1, fully vaccinated U.S. travelers can enter Lithuania—with no testing or quarantine required. Prior to arrival, visitors must fill out an online public health form and present the QR code to the airline before boarding.

U.S. travelers can enter Mexico regardless of vaccination status and with no COVID test. They will simply be asked to submit to a health screening upon arrival, according to the U.S. Embassy in Mexico .

Montenegro is allowing in travelers from the United States if they have proof that they have been fully vaccinated at least 14 days before their arrival, have recovered from COVID-19, or present a negative PCR test from within 72 hours prior to travel or a negative antigen test from within 48 hours of travel. Travelers under 18 are exempt.

The United States is classified as a “List A” country by the government of Morocco, which means that travelers arriving from the U.S. can enter Morocco if they are fully vaccinated or if they have a negative COVID-19 PCR test result procured within 72 hours of entering Morocco. The U.S. Embassy in Morocco advises that even those who are vaccinated take a PCR test and be ready to present a negative result upon arrival in case they are asked for it.

A view of the Himalayas is available to the vaccinated.

A view of the Himalayas is available to the vaccinated.

Nepal is allowing in vaccinated travelers. All arrivals must show either a negative PCR result taken 72 hours before boarding or a document showing complete vaccination against COVID-19. They’ll also need either a visa or recommendation letter from the department of tourism, hotel booking confirmation, proof of travel insurance, and a barcode obtained via an online application . Nepal’s tourism board has a document outlining the latest protocols .

After the Netherlands introduced a new 10-day quarantine requirement for vaccinated U.S. travelers on September 4, the government doubled back on its decision and is dropping the mandatory quarantine for vaccinated U.S. travelers effective September 22, 2021. Vaccinated travelers will need to present a negative COVID-19 PCR or antigen test performed within 24 hours before departure for the Netherlands. Children under 12 are exempt. Unvaccinated travelers are currently prohibited from entering for nonessential or leisure travel purposes.

Fully vaccinated travelers (meaning it has been at least 14 days since their second dose if two doses were required) entering Poland , including those from the U.S., are exempt from an otherwise mandatory 10-day quarantine.

Following the European Council’s decision to remove the U.S. from its safe travel list, Portugal announced that it will remain open to travelers from the United States. U.S. travelers must present a vaccine certificate or a negative PCR or antigen COVID test procured within 72 hours of boarding their flight to enter Portugal. Children under 12 are exempt.

The U.S. Embassy in Portugal reminds travelers that they must complete a Passenger Locator Card within 48 hours of traveling to Portugal and that proof of vaccination or a negative COVID test result is now required upon checking in at hotels, resorts, and vacation rental accommodations.

U.S. travelers who want to visit the Portuguese islands of the Azores or Madeira should be aware that they both have their own rules for entry.

International travelers arriving in Romania, including Americans, can skip a 14-day quarantine requirement if they provide proof of vaccination (completed at least 10 days prior to arrival) or proof of recovery from COVID-19, according to the U.S. Embassy in Romania . Children 3 and younger are exempt. Children age 3 to 16 must provide a negative COVID PCR test from within 72 hours of travel.

The Indian Ocean island paradise of Seychelles is beckoning.

The Indian Ocean island paradise of Seychelles is beckoning.

Seychelles was one of the very first countries to begin welcoming vaccinated travelers earlier this year. But now the island nation is welcoming all visitors regardless of vaccination status as long as they have a negative PCR test result from within 72 hours of travel. There’s no quarantine requirement, but they must have travel insurance and need to apply for travel authorization online .

Fully vaccinated U.S. citizens or those who have recently recovered from COVID-19 can enter Slovenia, according to the Slovenian government .

Spain is no longer allowing unvaccinated Americans to enter for leisure travel after it removed the United States from its list of countries with unrestricted access. Those arriving from countries that are not on the list must either be vaccinated or be traveling for an essential reason (such as an approved work purpose). Travelers to Spain from the U.S. must also fill out an online Health Control Form and present the resulting QR code upon arrival.

Fully vaccinated travelers can enter St. Bart’s with a negative COVID-19 antigen test taken within 48 hours of arrival or a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of arrival. Those under 10 are exempt.

All U.S. travelers can enter St. Lucia after completing a Pre-Arrival Travel Registration Form . All passengers age five and older will also need a negative COVID-19 PCR test result from within five days of travel. Random testing and screenings may be conducted upon arrival.

As of June 28, fully vaccinated travelers from the U.S. can enter Switzerland and will not need to quarantine or provide proof of a negative COVID-19 test result. They will just need to provide proof that they are fully vaccinated.

Unvaccinated travelers will need to present a negative COVID-19 PCR test from within 72 hours of travel or a negative COVID rapid antigen test result from within 48 hours of travel.

Travelers, regardless of vaccination status, will need to fill out an online form before entering Switzerland.

U.S. travelers can enter Tanzania regardless of vaccination status. They must complete an online health form and present the resulting code upon arrival, along with a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours prior to arrival. Arrivals may also be asked to take a rapid test upon arrival for a fee of $10, according to the U.S. Embassy in Tanzania . Travelers who test positive will be required to quarantine at their own expense.

Vaccinated Americans can enter the United Kingdom without a mandatory quarantine, the British government announced on July 28.

Fully vaccinated Americans arriving into the U.K. are required to submit a predeparture negative COVID-19 test taken prior to arrival and will need to take a COVID-19 PCR test on day 2 after arrival. Those vaccinated in the U.S. will also need to provide proof of U.S. residency.

Children age 11 and younger are exempt from the U.K.’s testing requirements for international arrivals.

Everyone entering the United Kingdom from abroad must fill out a passenger locator form before arrival, on which they will provide U.K. border control with their contact details, including their phone number and the address of their U.K. accommodation.

Unvaccinated Americans arriving in the U.K. are required to quarantine for 10 days and take three COVID tests—one within 3 days prior to departure to the U.K. and two (reserved in advance) after arrival, on day 2 and day 8 of the 10-day quarantine.

This story was originally published on March 8, 2021, and was most recently updated on September 16, 2021, to include current information.

>> Next: You’re Vaccinated. Now What? Our Complete Guide to Vaccinated Travel

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The U.S. Is Lifting Travel Restrictions for Visitors. What Do the New Rules Mean?

The Biden administration will allow vaccinated international travelers to enter the United States, including at land borders with Canada and Mexico. Details remain to be worked out, but here is what we know now.

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travel list for unvaccinated

By Heather Murphy

The White House has announced that it will open its land borders with Canada and Mexico to fully vaccinated travelers starting on Nov. 8, simultaneously lifting one of the United States’ most far-reaching, pandemic-era travel restrictions and creating a new vetting process for entry.

The development follows a September announcement in which the White House said that, come November, it will lift the 18-month ban on visitors from the European Union, China, Iran, South Africa, Brazil and India, as long as they can show proof of vaccination and a negative coronavirus test.

Together these two policies fundamentally reshuffle rules about entry into the United States. For more than a year and a half, the United States based decisions on which country a traveler was coming from. The new rules reorient groupings of who can and who cannot enter based on vaccination status.

Along with spurring many people from restricted countries to immediately plan trips to the United States , the new policies also eliminated the need for one of the odder workarounds that sprung up during the pandemic: Travelers from the prohibited countries spending two weeks in an intermediate country — often, Mexico or the Dominican Republic — and then obtaining a negative coronavirus test there before flying to the United States.

Over the past six months, Fabienne Walther, 28, from Switzerland, has helped about 20 Europeans enter the United States via Mexico. Some have rented a room in her temporary home in Playa del Carmen. In other cases, she simply offered moral support and tips about where to eat.

“The whole travel through Mexico thing is a joke,” she said, given that contracting the coronavirus is actually more of a risk in the Cancún area than in the hometowns of many of the travelers she has helped.

The new policies have raised plenty of questions. Many details are yet to be announced, but here is a look at what is currently known about how entry into the United States will change.

How do the new rules affect people from banned countries?

For the past 18 months, virtually all visitors from the banned countries, including those who are members of the European Union and a handful of others, have been prohibited from traveling directly to the United States. Come Nov. 8, this policy will no longer apply, Jeffrey D. Zients, the White House pandemic coordinator, announced. Individuals from these countries can fly to the United States — or drive, if coming from Mexico or Canada — as they did before the pandemic, provided they can show proof of vaccination. A negative coronavirus test is also required for those traveling by air — but not for those crossing the land border. No quarantine will be required, regardless of how visitors enter.

The C.D.C. will also issue an order directing airlines to collect phone numbers and email addresses of travelers for a new contact-tracing system. Additional details of the contact-tracing system have not yet been outlined.

Unvaccinated people who are not American citizens will not be permitted to enter the United States.

What about people coming from Canada and Mexico? If travelers go through the land border, do they have to be vaccinated?

Regardless of whether people fly or drive in from Canada or Mexico they must be vaccinated. Initially, the new policy for international visitors only applied to people boarding an airplane. And vaccination status aside, land borders with Canada and Mexico are currently closed for all but essential travel. But in November, when the United States reopens the land borders, similar restrictions regarding vaccination status will apply, the White House said on Tuesday.

The shift in policy will also eventually affect people who were never banned from traveling across the land border. Commercial drivers and students, for example, will need to show proof of vaccination, starting in January, giving them some time to adjust to the new rules, officials said.

Until November, only essential visitors can drive in. The definition of “essential” offered by the U.S. Embassy and Consulates in Canada includes “work and study, critical infrastructure support, economic services and supply chains, health, immediate medical care, and safety and security.”

What does fully vaccinated mean? Which vaccines will be accepted?

The United States will accept vaccines authorized by U.S. regulators or listed for emergency use by the World Health Organization, according to the C.D.C. This includes Moderna, Johnson & Johnson, Pfizer-BioNTech, two versions of the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine, Sinopharm and Sinovac. Russia’s Sputnik V vaccine is not currently on the accepted list, meaning that most Russians and others inoculated with Sputnik V may be prohibited from entering the United States.

People are considered fully vaccinated two weeks after their second dose of a Pfizer or Moderna vaccine, or two weeks after a single-dose vaccine, such as the Johnson & Johnson vaccine, a spokeswoman for the C.D.C. said. “Mix and match” vaccines, an inoculation strategy involving a first dose of one vaccine and a second dose of a different vaccine, will be accepted as long as each dose involved is an accepted vaccine, the C.D.C. said.

How do the new rules affect people from countries that were not on the banned list?

The new policy applies to everyone who is not a U.S. citizen, including individuals from Japan, Singapore, Mexico and many other countries whose citizens have been able to fly to the United States throughout the pandemic. Though vaccination status does not currently affect whether or not these individuals can enter the United States, in November only fully vaccinated travelers will be permitted.

Already these individuals have to show proof of a negative coronavirus test taken within three days of boarding a flight. This requirement will remain.

The policy applies to all “foreign nationals,” meaning that long-term residents of the United States who are not American citizens would not be able to leave the country and then re-enter unless they are fully vaccinated.

What about U.S. citizens?

The vaccination stipulation does not apply to U.S. citizens. But the new policy does require unvaccinated Americans to provide proof of a negative result from a test taken within one day of their return flight to the United States, and to test again after they land.

What about children and others who can’t get vaccinated for medical reasons?

Children under the age of 18 who are unvaccinated, and a limited category of foreigners arriving from countries with low vaccination rates, are among the travelers exempted from the requirements, Biden administration officials said on Oct. 25.

What restrictions on entering the United States will remain come November?

For people from many parts of the world — even before the pandemic — access into the United States was not easy. One of the reasons that the travel ban had such a profound impact is that it applied to many of the countries whose citizens traditionally had the easiest time gaining entry to the United States.

The new policy does not rewrite who can enter the United States without a visa, but it does severely limit who can enter the United States. Only four percent of the population in Africa is fully vaccinated; less than a third of residents are fully vaccinated in many parts of Latin America, Asia and the Middle East. In some cases, not getting vaccinated is a choice; in others, people simply do not have access to vaccines. Regardless of their reasons, these individuals will no longer be able to travel to the United States.

Ceylan Yeginsu contributed reporting from Turkey and Zolan Kanno-Youngs contributed from Washington.

Follow New York Times Travel on Instagram , Twitter and Facebook . And sign up for our weekly Travel Dispatch newsletter to receive expert tips on traveling smarter and inspiration for your next vacation. Dreaming up a future getaway or just armchair traveling? Check out our 52 Places list for 2021 .

Heather Murphy is a reporter on the Travel desk. She welcomes tips, questions and complaints about traveling during the pandemic. More about Heather Murphy

FactCheck.org

Posts Mislead About Measles, MMR Vaccine Amid Recent Outbreaks

By Jessica McDonald

Posted on January 29, 2024

SciCheck Digest

Measles is a highly contagious disease that can be serious and even fatal. Fortunately, it can safely be prevented by vaccination. But in the wake of outbreaks in the U.S. and elsewhere — likely in large part due to low vaccination coverage — social media posts have downplayed the risks of measles and falsely claimed the vaccine “is more dangerous than the actual illness.” 

Measles is a viral disease that  causes  a high fever, rash, cough, runny nose, and red and watery eyes. While often mild, the disease can lead to  serious complications , including pneumonia and encephalitis, or brain swelling, which can cause deafness and brain damage.

travel list for unvaccinated

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,  about a fifth  of unvaccinated people who contract measles are hospitalized. As many as 1 in 20 kids with measles develop pneumonia; about 1 in 1,000 develop encephalitis, and nearly 1 to 3 in 1,000 die.

Vaccination, in contrast, is  almost always  effective in preventing measles and typically causes  only mild side effects . With the advent of widespread vaccination, measles has become rare in the U.S., usually spreading  only when  an unvaccinated traveler brings it into the country and encounters enough people who are also unvaccinated or not previously infected. 

That appears to be what happened beginning in December in Philadelphia, when an infant infected overseas was hospitalized and proceeded to infect  three other people  at the hospital: a baby too young to be vaccinated and an older child and their parent, both of whom were unvaccinated. One child then didn’t isolate and  attended a daycare while sick , ultimately leading to infections in five other people. As of mid-January, a total of  nine cases  have been confirmed in the outbreak,  at least six of whom  were hospitalized and later released.

Measles cases have also recently popped up in other states, including Georgia and Washington . On Jan. 25, the CDC issued an alert to the nation’s doctors, warning them to be on the lookout for measles symptoms, as a total of 23 confirmed measles cases were reported to the agency between Dec. 1 and Jan. 23. “Most” cases, the CDC said, were “among children and adolescents who had not received a measles-containing vaccine.”

In other parts of the world, the situation is worse. In mid-December, the World Health Organization issued an alert warning of an “alarming” rise in measles cases in the European region in 2023. The latest figures  show  more than 42,000 measles cases in that region in 2023 — a nearly 45-fold increase over 2022 — including at least five deaths and nearly 21,000 hospitalizations.

As of Jan. 18, an  outbreak  in a central part of England has grown to 216 confirmed and 103 probable cases, leading U.K. health officials to declare a “national incident” and urge vaccination to stanch the spread.

Health officials and  other experts   attribute  the surge in measles cases to falling vaccination rates, in part due to missed doses during the COVID-19 pandemic, combined with increased travel and fewer public health protections since the pandemic has declined. Because measles is so infectious, the vaccination rate needs to be very high — 95% — to prevent an outbreak in a community.

And yet, in response to news of the recent outbreaks,  posts   on  social media have been rife with misinformation about measles and the  main vaccine  used to prevent the disease, the measles, mumps and rubella, or MMR, vaccine.

“As the news tries to fear-monger about the measles ‘outbreak’ of 9 whole people, remember that the vaccine is more dangerous than the actual illness,” one Jan. 20 Instagram post incorrectly claimed, likely referring to the Philadelphia outbreak and showing a list of scary-looking adverse reactions pulled from the vaccine’s  package insert . “Not to mention, you can actually get measles from the vaccine.”

Another Instagram  post focused on the fact that the measles vaccine is a live attenuated vaccine , which uses a weakened virus, to inaccurately suggest the vaccine is an important source of spread of the virus. “The unvaccinated are not the ones you should be concerned with,” the post read, before shifting to minimizing the risks of the disease. “Either way, the measles isn’t something to freak out about.”

Yet another  post , accompanied by a clip from “The Brady Bunch,” emphasized the low risk of death from measles in the U.S., while baselessly claiming the MMR vaccine was responsible for the deaths of 450 babies in 2018.

“No one is dying of the measles in the US!!!!!!!” it read, adding, “1 person died from measles in the last 10 years and that person was vaccinated.”

As we’ll explain, there’s nothing to support the 450 number, and it’s unclear what the vaccination status was for the last person who died of measles in the U.S. In any case, focusing just on the lack of measles deaths in America is misleading, since it reflects the success of the vaccine — and fails to account for what would happen if more people forgo the vaccine and outbreaks become more common.

“Get to 1,000 cases a year, and we’ll start to see measles deaths again,”  Dr. Paul A. Offit , a pediatrician and vaccine expert at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, told us.

Measles Is Concerning

As we said, contrary to many of the posts that downplay the seriousness of measles, the viral illness can be severe, even if previous generations accepted it as a normal childhood illness.

“Measles is not just ‘a rash,’” a CDC spokesperson told us.  According  to the agency, before 1963, when the first measles vaccine became available, around 3 million to 4 million Americans were infected each year, 48,000 were hospitalized, 1,000 developed encephalitis and 400 to 500 died.

Most of those deaths, Offit noted, were in previously healthy people. Now, that burden of disease is preventable through vaccination. 

The three big things that landed children in the hospital, Offit said, were dehydration, pneumonia and encephalitis. “If you got chest X-rays on everybody with measles, half would have abnormal chest X-rays,” he added.

“I remember how sick measles could make you back then,” Offit said. “In fact, today, when they ask old people like me to come down to the emergency department to see whether someone has measles, I can usually tell in 30 seconds because they’re sick.”

Very rarely, measles can also  cause   subacute sclerosing panencephalitis , or SSPE, a fatal neurodegenerative condition that typically manifests some six to eight years after an infection.

Research has also shown that measles can  actually   wipe out much   of the preexisting immunity  a person has developed to other germs, which makes them susceptible to other infections for as long as several years after a bout of measles. This does not occur after measles vaccination.

travel list for unvaccinated

Moreover, the reason why even a few cases of measles make the news, and why health officials spring into action to prevent further spread, is because the disease is  one of the most   contagious diseases  — far more so than flu or COVID-19. 

Some 90% of non-immune people will get measles if exposed to an infected person. And direct exposure is not even necessary, since the virus can contaminate surfaces and can linger in the air. 

Speaking of a hospital room after someone with measles has been in it, Offit said, “No one can go in that room for two hours. You have to wait for those small droplets which hang in the air like a ghost to settle.”

It’s worth noting that even today, there are  no measles-specific treatments . Doctors can treat the symptoms and provide supportive care, but there are no antivirals that will help someone fight off the virus. The WHO  recommends  that all people with measles receive vitamin A supplements, as this “restores low vitamin A levels that occur even in well-nourished children,” and can help prevent blindness and possibly death.

MMR Vaccine Highly Effective, Benefits Outweigh Risks

Several of the social media posts cast the MMR vaccine as dangerous by pointing to the long list of adverse reactions in the product insert sheet. 

Offit told us, however, that product inserts really should be viewed as legal documents, not medical communication documents. Just because a reaction is listed doesn’t necessarily mean it has been shown to be definitively caused by a vaccine. The list also doesn’t say how likely a reaction is after vaccination, how severe it might be, or how the risk compares with a measles infection.

For example, SSPE is listed on the MMR sheet, but it’s doubtful that the MMR vaccine can actually cause SSPE. Offit does not think so,  and   evidence   suggests  that the few cases reported in people with only a history of vaccination actually reflect instances of unrecognized measles infection. In any case, rates of SSPE have fallen in countries with widespread vaccination, and vaccination is the only way to actually prevent SSPE.

As with any medical product, the MMR vaccine is not 100% safe, but it is remarkably so — and the benefits  greatly outweigh the risks . Most people  experience no or only mild and expected side effects, such as a sore arm and low-grade fever. About  5% of people will develop a rash, according to the CDC’s Pink Book on vaccines.

More rarely, other side effects  can occur , including febrile seizures, which do not cause long-term harm, and a brief decrease in platelets, which has never been fatal. (The rubella component of the MMR vaccine can also cause joint pain and swelling, primarily in adults, but this is also temporary.)

The rash and fever can be viewed as a very mild form of measles, Offit said. But contrary to social media posts that equate this with a natural measles infection, these symptoms are far more mild and do not pose the same risk of complications or viral transmission.

The weakened measles virus in the MMR vaccine is only capable of giving someone a dangerous infection if a person is severely immunocompromised. For this reason, the CDC told us, these people should not be vaccinated.

As we’ve explained  before , people vaccinated with live viral vaccines can shed, or release small amounts of the weakened viruses outside of their bodies, but this is expected and not cause for alarm.

Children who develop a rash after a measles vaccine are not considered contagious, and no  precautions are necessary , even if they are around immunocompromised people. In fact, to better protect immunocompromised people, who may not be able to be vaccinated, or may not respond fully if they are, the MMR vaccine is explicitly recommended for household contacts of such individuals.

The CDC told us that transmission of the weakened measles virus from someone who received the MMR or MMRV vaccine, which adds a component to protect against chickenpox, “has never been proven,” and cited a  2016 systematic review  that included 773 scientific articles. “No evidence of human-to-human transmission of the measles vaccine virus has been reported amongst the thousands of clinical samples genotyped during outbreaks or endemic transmission and individual case studies worldwide,” it concluded.

The agency also said there is “no history” of a measles outbreak ever occurring as a result of the vaccine.

As for the claim that 450 babies died of the MMR vaccine in 2018, the CDC told us there “is no evidence from any of CDC’s vaccine safety monitoring systems to support this claim.” We also could not find any evidence to support this.

In the U.S., the MMR is given in  two doses , at 12 to 15 months, and then at 4 to 6 years old. A single dose is about 93% effective in preventing the disease, according to the CDC, while two are about 97% effective. In the unlikely scenario that a vaccinated person does contract measles, the disease is  usually milder  and less contagious to others than in someone who has not been vaccinated.

Last Measles Death in U.S. Reinforces Need for Vaccination

A post arguing against vaccination pointed to the rarity of measles deaths in America and misleadingly claimed that the single person to die of measles in the U.S. in the last decade was vaccinated.

The CDC confirmed that the last measles death in the U.S. occurred in 2015, but said the person’s vaccination status was unknown. The Seattle Times  reported  in 2016 that the woman who died “may have been” vaccinated as a kid, but the family did not have evidence of this. So her status was listed as unknown. Regardless, the example is missing important context, because experts said the case underscores the need for more vaccination, not less.

The woman who died was a Washington state resident who had other health conditions and was taking medications that suppressed her immune system. She died of pneumonia, and it was not apparent the pneumonia was due to measles until an autopsy was performed, as she did not have a rash or other symptoms. Immunocompromised patients are  known  to sometimes lack a rash with measles.

Particularly because the woman had a suppressed immune system, even if she was vaccinated, this is not evidence that vaccination doesn’t work. As multiple experts explained to USA Today in 2015, the death is a prime example of why it’s vitally important for everyone who can get vaccinated to do so, to prevent measles from circulating and posing a risk to vulnerable people who either can’t get vaccinated or for whom vaccination is less likely to be effective.

“This tragic situation illustrates the importance of immunizing as many people as possible to provide a high level of community protection against measles,” the Washington health department said at the time in a  statement .

Editor’s note: SciCheck’s articles providing accurate health information and correcting health misinformation are made possible by a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. The foundation has no control over FactCheck.org’s editorial decisions, and the views expressed in our articles do not necessarily reflect the views of the foundation.

“ Signs and Symptoms .” Measles (Rubeola) page. CDC. Accessed 29 Jan 2024.

“ Complications of Measles .” Measles (Rubeola) page. CDC. Accessed 29 Jan 2024.

“ Vaccine for Measles .” Measles (Rubeola) page. CDC. Accessed 29 Jan 2024.

“ MMR Vaccine (Measles, Mumps, and Rubella): What You Need to Know .” Vaccine Information Statement. CDC. 6 Aug 2021.

“ Measles Cases and Outbreaks .” Measles (Rubeola) page. CDC. Accessed 29 Jan 2024.

Gutman, Abraham. “ Health department warns of measles cluster among unvaccinated residents that originated with CHOP patient .” Philadelphia Inquirer. 4 Jan 2024.

“ Health Department Reports Additional Measles Exposures .” Press release. Philadelphia Department of Public Health. 4 Jan 2024.

McDevitt, Charles. “ Health department cautions Philadelphians about recent measles cases .” Philadelphia Department of Public Health. Updated 17 Jan 2024.

Gutman, Abraham. “ Another person infected with measles at a Northeast day-care center as Philadelphia outbreaks grow to nine cases .” Philadelphia Inquirer. 17 Jan 2024.

“ DPH Confirms Measles Case in Metro Atlanta .” Press release. Georgia Department of Public Health. 18 Jan 2024.

“ Health Advisory: Measles Outbreak in Southwest Washington .” Press release. Tacoma-Pierce County Health Department. 19 Jan 2024.

“ Stay Alert for Measles Cases .” CDC Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity. 25 Jan 2024.

“ A 30-fold rise of measles cases in 2023 in the WHO European Region warrants urgent action .” Press release. WHO. 14 Dec 2023.

“ Kazakhstan responds to rapid escalation of measles cases .” Press release. WHO. 23 Jan 2024.

“ Measles outbreak could spread warns UKHSA Chief Executive .” Press release. UK Health Security Agency. 19 Jan 2024.

Putka, Sophie. “ Measles Cases in Several States: What’s Going On? ” MedPage Today. 18 Jan 2024.

M-M-R® II (Measles, Mumps, and Rubella Virus Vaccine Live) package insert . FDA. Revised Aug 2023.

Wodi, A. Patricia and Valerie Morelli. “ Chapter 1: Principles of Vaccination .” CDC Pink Book. Aug 2021.

Offit, Paul A. Director, Vaccine Education Center, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. Phone interview with FactCheck.org. 24 Jan 2024.

CDC Spokesperson. Email sent to FactCheck.org. 24 Jan 2024.

“ Measles History .” Measles (Rubeola) page. CDC. Accessed 29 Jan 2024.

“ Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis .” National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Accessed 29 Jan 2024.

Mina, Michael (@michaelmina_lab). “ A heartbreaking consequence of lapses in vaccination! A measles outbreak is spreadinf in Philadelphia. MEASLES! It sends kids to the hospital, erases existing immune memory (creating long term risks) and kills 1 in 1000 It was eliminated in the US, but we seem hell bent on reversing that … ” X. 8 Jan 2024.

Mina, Michael J. et al. “ Measles virus infection diminishes preexisting antibodies that offer protection from other pathogens .” Science. 1 Nov 2019.

Mina, Michael J. et al. “ Long-term measles-induced immunomodulation increases overall childhood infectious disease mortality .” Science. 8 May 2015.

“ Measles .” WHO Fact Sheet. 9 Aug 2023.

“ Transmission of Measles .” Measles (Rubeola) page. CDC. Accessed 29 Jan 2024.

“ For Healthcare Providers .” Measles (Rubeola) page. CDC. Accessed 29 Jan 2024.

“ Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis and measles vaccination .” WHO. Accessed 29 Jan 2024.

McLean, Huong Q. et al. “ Prevention of Measles, Rubella, Congenital Rubella Syndrome, and Mumps, 2013: Summary Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices .” MMWR. 14 Jun 2013. 

Tesini, Brenda L. “ Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis (SSPE) .” Merck Manual Consumer Version. Reviewed/Revised Jun 2023.

“ Measles, Mumps & Rubella (MMR) Infographic .” CHOP Vaccine Education Center. Accessed 29 Jan 2024.

“ Vaccine (Shot) for Measles .” CDC. Accessed 29 Jan 2024.

“ A Look at Each Vaccine: Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR) Vaccine .” CHOP. Reviewed 2 Jan 2024.

Gastanaduy, Paul et al. “ Chapter 13: Measles .” CDC Pink Book. Aug 2021.

Jaramillo, Catalina. “ Vaccine Shedding Is Expected With Some Vaccines and Generally Not Harmful, Contrary to Post .” FactCheck.org. 12 Dec 2023.

“ Altered Immunocompetence: General Best Practice Guidelines for Immunization .” CDC. Updated 1 Aug 2023.

Greenwood, Kathryn P. “ A systematic review of human-to-human transmission of measles vaccine virus .” Vaccine. 12 Apr 2016.

“ Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR) Vaccination: What Everyone Should Know .” CDC. Accessed 29 Jan 2024.

Aleccia, JoNel. “ Fatal measles case linked to exposure at tribal clinic, records show .” Seattle Times. 19 Feb 2016.

Szabo, Liz. “ Measles kills first patient in 12 years .” USA Today. 2 Jul 2015.

“ Measles led to death of Clallam Co. woman; first in US in a dozen years .” Press release. Washington State Department of Health. 2 Jul 2015.

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CDC warns health care workers to be on alert for measles amid rising number of cases

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The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is warning clinicians to remain on alert for measles cases due to a growing number of infections.

Between Dec. 1, 2023, and Jan. 23, 2024, there have been 23 confirmed cases of measles including seven cases from international travelers and two outbreaks with five or more infections each, according to an email sent this week.

Cases have been reported in Pennsylvania , New Jersey , Delaware and the Washington, D.C. area so far.

Most of these cases were among children and adolescents who had not been vaccinated against measles, despite being eligible.

According to the CDC, most measles cases in the U.S. occur when unvaccinated or partially vaccinated Americans travel internationally, contract the disease and then spread it to those who are unvaccinated upon their return.

The federal health agency said the increase in cases in the U.S. reflects a global rise in infections and that there is a "growing global threat."

"Due to the recent cases, healthcare providers should be on alert for patients who have: (1) febrile rash illness and symptoms consistent with measles ( e.g ., cough, coryza, or conjunctivitis), and (2) have recently traveled abroad, especially to countries with ongoing measles outbreaks ," the CDC wrote in its message.

If health care workers suspect a patient has measles, the CDC says the patient should be isolated immediately for at least four days from when symptoms appear and local or state health departments should be notified. The patient should then be tested, post-exposure prophylaxis should be provided to close contacts and all contacts who are not up to date on their measles vaccinations should be vaccinated.

Measles is a very contagious disease with the CDC saying every individual infected by the virus can spread it to up to 10 close contacts if they are unprotected including not wearing a mask or not being vaccinated.

Complications from measles can be relatively benign, including rashes, or they can be much more severe, such as viral sepsis, pneumonia, or brain swelling.

The CDC says anybody who either had measles at some point in their life or who has received two doses of the MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) vaccine is protected against measles.

One dose of the measles vaccine is 93% effective at preventing infection if exposed to the virus. Two doses are 97% effective.

In 2000, measles was declared eliminated from the U.S., thanks to a highly effective vaccination campaign, but outbreaks have popped over the last few years in unvaccinated pockets of the country.

Between November 2022 and February 2023, 85 children were sickened with measles in Ohio, 80 of whom were unvaccinated.

In California, an unidentified person with measles who visited Disneyland caused an outbreak, infecting 125 people between December 2014 and February 2015.

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US issues travel alert for Bahamas amid increase in crime

The level 2 alert asks U.S. visitors to "exercise increased caution."

The U.S. Department of State has issued a new warning for American travelers headed to the Bahamas due to violent crime that has impacted the local population.

The advisory , issued on Jan. 26, urged travelers to "exercise increased caution" should they decide to visit the Caribbean country.

What to know about US travel advisory for the Bahamas

PHOTO: Tourists at a beach in Nassau, Bahamas, on Dec. 22, 2022.

According to the State Department, the majority of crime – which includes burglaries, armed robberies, and sexual assaults – has occurred on the island of New Providence, home of the Bahamian capital of Nassau, and on the island of Grand Bahama.

"In Nassau, practice increased vigilance in the 'Over the Hill' area (south of Shirley Street) where gang-on-gang violence has resulted in a high homicide rate primarily affecting the local population," the government alert states. Violent crime has been happening "in both tourist and non-tourist areas," according to the alert, so the State Department is urging travelers to "be vigilant when staying at short-term vacation rental properties where private security companies do not have a presence."

The State Department also suggested that U.S. travelers steer clear of activities like boat tours with commercial recreational watercraft because they are "not consistently regulated."

"Watercraft may be poorly maintained, and some operators may not have safety certifications.  Always review and heed local weather and marine alerts before engaging in water-based activities," according to the State Department. "Commercial watercraft operators have discretion to operate their vessels regardless of weather forecasts; injuries and fatalities have occurred. Due to these safety concerns, U.S. government personnel are not permitted to use independently operated jet-ski rentals on New Providence and Paradise Islands."

PHOTO: Plane landing in Nassau Bahamas airport with signboard.

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Click here for additional travel information on the country information page.

The U.S. Embassy in the Bahamas also issued a security alert on Wednesday , advising "U.S. citizens to be aware that 18 murders have occurred in Nassau since the beginning of 2024."

"Murders have occurred at all hours including in broad daylight on the streets," the statement declared. "Retaliatory gang violence has been the primary motive in 2024 murders."

Safety tips for travel to the Bahamas

PHOTO: The Caribbean Sea and the resort destination in the island of Nassau, Bahamas.

If you do decide to travel to the Bahamas, the State Department shared a checklist of dos and don'ts to help Americans stay safe.

Do not answer your door at your hotel/residence unless you know who it is.   Do not physically resist any robbery attempt.   Enroll in the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) to receive Alerts and make it easier to locate you in an emergency.   Follow the Department of State on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram.   Review the Country Security Report for the Bahamas.   Prepare a contingency plan for emergency and medical situations.  Review the Traveler's Checklist.   Visit the CDC page for the latest Travel Health Information related to your travel.

The embassy in Nassau also issued its own list of safety precautions for U.S. travelers.

Exercise extreme caution in the eastern part of New Providence Island (Nassau). Use caution when walking or driving at night. Keep a low profile. Be aware of your surroundings. Do not physically resist any robbery attempt. Review your personal security plans.

This is a developing story. Please check back for updates.

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Need travel vaccines? Plan ahead.

woman with mask getting vaccine from doctor

International travel increases your chances of getting and spreading diseases that are rare or not found in United States. Find out which travel vaccines you may need to help you stay healthy on your trip.

Before Travel

Make sure you are up-to-date on all of your routine vaccines . Routine vaccinations protect you from infectious diseases such as measles that can spread quickly in groups of unvaccinated people. Many diseases prevented by routine vaccination are not common in the United States but are still common in other countries.

Check CDC’s destination pages for travel health information . Check CDC’s webpage for your destination to see what vaccines or medicines you may need and what diseases or health risks are a concern at your destination.

Make an appointment with your healthcare provider or a travel health specialist  that takes place at least one month before you leave. They can help you get destination-specific vaccines, medicines, and information. Discussing your health concerns, itinerary, and planned activities with your provider allows them to give more specific advice and recommendations.

Because some vaccines require multiple doses, it’s best to see your health care provider as soon as possible.

Medicines to prevent malaria are pills that you start to take before travel. Take recommended medicines as directed. If your health care provider prescribes medicine for you, take the medicine as directed before, during, and after travel. 

Where can I get travel vaccines?

You may be able to get some travel vaccines from your primary healthcare provider. If you or your healthcare provider need help finding a location that provides certain vaccines or medicines, visit CDC’s Find a Clinic page.

If yellow fever vaccine is recommended or required for your destination, you’ll need to go to a vaccine center authorized to give yellow fever vaccinations. Many yellow fever vaccine centers also provide other pre-travel health care services. Find an  authorized US yellow fever vaccine center .

Examples of Vaccines

Here is a list of possible vaccines that you may need to get for the first time or boosters before you travel.

  • Cholera 
  • Flu (Influenza)
  • Hepatitis A   
  • Hepatitis B   
  • Japanese encephalitis   
  • MMR (Measles, Mumps, Rubella)
  • Meningococcal   
  • Pneumococcal   
  • Polio   
  • Rabies   
  • Tdap (Tetanus, Diphtheria, Pertussis)
  • Typhoid   
  • Yellow fever

More Information

CDC Yellow Book: Travel Vaccine Summary Table

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US issues travel warning for the Bahamas after 18 murders at the start of the new year

travel list for unvaccinated

The United States Department of State has issued a Level 2 travel advisory for travelers planning on going to the Bahamas.

The advisory, posted on Friday, warns travelers to "exercise increased caution" due to crime, specifically on the islands of New Providence, which includes Nassau, and Grand Bahama, which includes Freeport.

A security alert posted by the U.S. Embassy in the Bahamas last Wednesday also advised U.S. citizens to be "be aware that 18 murders have occurred in Nassau since the beginning of 2024." The alert warns that murders have occurred at all hours including in broad daylight on the streets.

"Retaliatory gang violence has been the primary motive in 2024 murders," according to the alert.

According to the advisory from the State Department, travelers should practice "increased vigilance" in the "Over the Hill" area south of Shirley Street, where gang-on-gang violence has "resulted in a high homicide rate primarily affecting the local population."

Learn more: Best travel insurance

"Violent crime, such as burglaries, armed robberies, and sexual assaults, occur in both tourist and non-tourist areas," the State Department says in the advisory. "Be vigilant when staying at short-term vacation rental properties where private security companies do not have a presence."

The advisory also warns against activities involving commercial recreational watercrafts, including water tours. The advisory says those activities are not consistently regulated, and the watercraft "may be poorly maintained" and some operators may not have safety certifications.

"Commercial watercraft operators have discretion to operate their vessels regardless of weather forecasts; injures and fatalities have occurred," the advisory says. "Due to these safety concerts, U.S. government personnel are not permitted to use independently operated jet-ski rentals on New Providence and Paradise Islands."

Additionally, the advisory cautions travelers to be mindful of sharks when swimming, "as there have been recent fatal and non-fatal incidents involving sharks."

Bahamas shark attack: 10-year-old boy from Maryland bitten by shark while on vacation in Bahamas, police say

Advice, tips if you are traveling to the Bahamas

According to the State Department, here are some tips if you are traveling to the Bahamas:

  • Do not answer your door at your hotel/residence unless you know who it is
  • Do not physically resist any robbery attempt
  • Enroll in the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) to receive alerts and make it easier to locate you in an emergency
  • Follow the Department of State on Facebook , Twitter and Instagram
  • Review the Country Security Report for the Bahamas
  • Prepare a contingency plan for emergency and medical situations. Review the Traveler's Checklist
  • Visit the CDC page for the latest Travel Health Information related to your travel

Any U.S. citizen who needs assistance while in the Bahamas can contact the U.S. Embassy in Nassau. The embassy can be reached by phone at 242-322-1181 or by email at [email protected] . You can find the embassy's website here .

Travel advisory issued: US officials are urging Americans to not use dating apps if visiting Colombia after deaths

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This Is the Top Restaurant in the U.S. in 2024, According Yelp

We're hungry just looking at this list.

travel list for unvaccinated

Courtesy of Yelp.com

Yelp is back with its Top 100 places to eat in the United States, and it’s naming a brand-new No. 1 pick. The company announced its 11th annual rankings, highlighting the best of the best eateries from coast to coast , which it determined after analyzing user submissions, highlighting restaurants by ratings, number of reviews, and volume of submissions. The data was then used by an expert panel of community managers who finalized the rankings. 

“From New York City to Houston, and Florida to California, Yelp’s Top 100 Places to Eat list celebrates the must-visit local restaurants across the United States,” Tara Lewis, Yelp’s trend expert, shared in a statement provided to Travel + Leisure . “This year’s list embraces the unique tastes of our users and spotlights the beloved hidden gems across local communities.” 

Without further ado, this year’s No. 1 spot is Tumerico , a vegetarian Mexican restaurant in Tucson, Arizona. 

Owned by James Beard Award semi-finalist chef Wendy Garcia, the restaurant boasts a 4.8-star rating out of more than 1,000 reviews, with Yelpers citing both the food and the inviting atmosphere as top-notch.

“I'm not vegan or vegetarian, but this place was awesome. The food was prepared perfectly, and it was delicious,” one reviewer wrote. "I came in with a large group, and the service was fast and friendly. The salsa was served warm which was new to me, but very good. The chips were fresh fried and crunchy with a bit of chewy on the inside. Definitely eat here vegan, vegetarian, or not. It's great food.”  

If you visit, expect Mexican fare like Al Pastor Tacos and burritos (vegetarian style, naturally). But don’t expect to eat the same thing twice, as the menu changes daily based on what’s in season. 

According to Yelp, this year’s list saw “overwhelming representation from Asian, Asian Fusion, and Southeast Asian restaurants, making up 25 percent of the list.” That includes the No. 2 choice, Menya Rui in St. Louis, a noodle shop serving more than 200 bowls a day. 

Joining these two spots in the top 10 is Sunny Side Kitchen, a Cali-inspired cafe in Escondido, California; GS Cafe and Ethiopian Cuisine in Covina, California; and Fratellino, an Italian eatery in Coral Gables, Florida in the No. 3 through No. 5 spots, respectively.

These are followed by Broken Mouth, a Korean-Hawaiian comfort food spot in Los Angeles; Adela’s Country Eatery, another noodle joint using local Hawaiian ingredients in Kaneohe, Oahu, Hawaii; Sierra Subs and Salads, a decadent sandwich shop in Three Rivers, California; Gino’s Deli Stop N Buy, one more sandwich-focused destination in San Antonio, Texas; and at No. 10, Uncle Af’s, yet another sandwich heaven in Agoura Hills, California. 

You may have noticed a trend in the above. California is mentioned a lot . 

“With 18 restaurants in the collection, California maintained its spot with the largest share of restaurants on the list,” Yelp added. “Florida followed with 13 restaurants, and Arizona and Texas both have eight spots across their respective states.” But thankfully, this list really is representative of the entire nation.

Check out if any of the top 100 spots are located near you at yelp.com . 

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IMAGES

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  2. New US Travel Rules: How Unvaccinated Travellers Can Go to the USA

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  3. For unvaccinated travellers without symptoms of COVID-19 arriving in

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  4. Traveling with unvaccinated grandkids: How to stay safe and have fun

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  5. COVID-19 in Hong Kong

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  6. Traveling With Unvaccinated Children: What to Know

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COMMENTS

  1. Do any countries allow travel without a Covid vaccine?

    1. Greece Since 1 May 2022, unvaccinated travellers are able to visit the country without proof of a negative PCR or rapid antigen test. Passenger locator forms are also no longer required. Arrivals may, however, be required to undergo a rapid Covid test on arrival.

  2. Ask a Travel Nerd: Can I Travel Without a COVID Vaccine?

    Unvaccinated travelers arriving from states with higher case rates are encouraged to secure a negative COVID-19 test taken within 72 hours of travel to Illinois. At the city level,...

  3. Where can I travel without a vaccine?

    Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Bahamas The harbour in Belize City (Alamy)

  4. I'm a U.S. Citizen. Where in the World Can I Travel to Right Now?

    July 5, 2022 This list is no longer being updated. Find the latest coronavirus updates here. Most of the world's countries are open to travelers from the United States, and many nations are...

  5. Where You Can Travel Now Without a Covid Vaccine or Test

    Places You Can Travel Unvaccinated and With No Covid Testing or Quarantine Requirements Afghanistan Nonessential travel may be still be discouraged, but May 10 marked the end of any Covid-related ...

  6. Is it safe to travel during COVID-19?

    For unvaccinated people. Testing before and after travel can lower the risk of spreading the virus that causes COVID-19. If you haven't been vaccinated, the CDC recommends getting a viral test within three days before your trip. Delay travel if you're waiting for test results. Keep a copy of your results with you when you travel.

  7. What to Know About the C.D.C. Guidelines on Vaccinated Travel

    What to Know About the C.D.C. Guidelines on Vaccinated Travel. In updated recommendations, the federal health agency said both domestic and international travel was low risk for fully vaccinated ...

  8. What to Know About Testing and Vaccine Requirements for Travel

    It is requiring that guests 16 years and older be vaccinated, while children will be tested at the terminal. Carnival Cruises said on Monday that its first ship would set sail from the Port of ...

  9. Where Can Americans Travel Right Now? A Country-by-country Guide

    The United Kingdom has dropped all COVID-19-related entry rules, according to the government. Zambia. Travelers to Zambia will be required to provide a negative COVID-19 test taken within 72 hours ...

  10. Covid-19 travel rules, mandates and safety guidance state by state

    CNN — US travel restrictions instituted in the early months of the Covid-19 pandemic by states have been eliminated. However, the US Centers of Disease Control and Prevention suggests delaying...

  11. COVID-19 international travel advisories

    COVID-19 testing and vaccine rules for entering the U.S. As of May 12, 2023, noncitizen nonimmigrant visitors to the U.S. arriving by air or arriving by land or sea no longer need to show proof of being fully vaccinated against COVID-19. As of June 12, 2022, people entering the U.S. no longer need to show proof of a negative COVID-19 test .

  12. The Ultimate Guide To Covid-19 Travel Restrictions: Masks, Testing

    Right now, seven states —Hawaii, Illinois, Louisiana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon and Washington—as well as the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico require people, regardless of vaccination status,...

  13. Travel Restrictions

    The Do Not Board and Lookout lists have been used for people with suspected or confirmed infectious tuberculosis (TB), including multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), and measles. During 2020-2022, CDC used these authorities to restrict travel of people with COVID-19 and close contacts who were recommended to quarantine.

  14. U.S. lifts travel ban for specific countries. Here's an overview of the

    Beginning Monday, bans on travel from specific countries are over. The U.S. will allow in international travelers, but they must be vaccinated — with a few exceptions. The U.S. is also reopening ...

  15. Where Can Americans Travel Right Now?

    Feb. 15, 2022, at 11:38 a.m. (Getty Images) Travel is limited due to the coronavirus pandemic, but there are still some countries allowing American visitors. The current global pandemic has many...

  16. Destinations

    CDC is monitoring respiratory illness around the world. Some countries have reported elevated levels of respiratory illness activity. Respiratory illnesses that are circulating include influenza, COVID-19, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection, and Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection. Actions you can take to help protect yourself and others ...

  17. U.S. Lifts Travel Restrictions for Fully Vaccinated Foreigners

    Any unvaccinated travelers need to show proof of a negative test within a day of travel. Increased travel could mean increased exposure to COVID-19. Protect yourself by getting vaccinated if you haven't already, and wearing your mask at airports and during flights. Rules could change if cases of COVID cases increase in the U.S.

  18. Disease Directory

    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a respiratory illness caused by the virus SARS-CoV-2. The virus spreads mainly from person to person through respiratory droplets and small particles produced when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or talks. The virus spreads easily in crowded or poorly ventilated indoor settings.

  19. Travelers' Health

    Actions you can take to help protect yourself and others when traveling include: vaccination, masking, physical distancing, and washing hands regularly. If sick, do not travel and get tested. See more information about vaccination. Routine Vaccines

  20. These Countries Are Open to Vaccinated Travelers Right Now

    After the European Council removed the United States from its approved travel list on August 30, numerous European countries adjusted their entry requirements. Several that had been open to unvaccinated travelers before are now only open to the vaccinated, including France, Germany, Italy, and Spain. While vaccinated travelers are still largely ...

  21. Why are measles cases popping up across the United States? Here's what

    Unvaccinated people who know when they were exposed can get the MMR vaccine within 72 hours of exposure to prevent the disease altogether or lessen the severity of the illness, Murray adds.

  22. The U.S. Is Lifting Travel Restrictions for Visitors. What Do the New

    The development follows a September announcement in which the White House said that, come November, it will lift the 18-month ban on visitors from the European Union, China, Iran, South Africa,...

  23. Posts Mislead About Measles, MMR Vaccine Amid Recent Outbreaks

    According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about a fifth of unvaccinated people who contract measles are hospitalized. As many as 1 in 20 kids with measles develop pneumonia ...

  24. CDC warns health care workers to be on alert for measles amid rising

    In 2000, measles was declared eliminated from the U.S., thanks to a highly effective vaccination campaign, but outbreaks have popped over the last few years in unvaccinated pockets of the country.

  25. Measles outbreak in southwest Washington

    Actions requested. Be aware of an active measles outbreak investigation being conducted by Clark and Wahkiakum Counties. As of January 10, 2024, 3 lab-confirmed and 3 epi-linked measles cases have been identified among unvaccinated adults. No known public exposure locations have been identified. Consider measles infection in patients with ...

  26. US issues travel alert for Bahamas amid increase in crime

    US issuing travel advisories for spring break. The U.S. Department of State has issued a new warning for American travelers headed to the Bahamas due to violent crime that has impacted the local ...

  27. The Best and Worst Airlines of 2023

    Major U.S. airlines sharply reduced cancellations and improved on-time arrivals, a relief for passengers after big-time travel troubles in 2021 and 2022. Hold the confetti cannons, though: Baggage ...

  28. Travelers' Health

    Many yellow fever vaccine centers also provide other pre-travel health care services. Find an authorized US yellow fever vaccine center. Examples of Vaccines. Here is a list of possible vaccines that you may need to get for the first time or boosters before you travel. COVID-19; Chickenpox; Cholera ; Flu (Influenza) Hepatitis A ; Hepatitis B

  29. US issues travel warning for the Bahamas after 18 murders at the start

    US issues travel warning for the Bahamas after 18 murders at the start of the new year. The United States Department of State has issued a Level 2 travel advisory for travelers planning on going ...

  30. Yelp's 100 Best Places to Eat in the United States 2024 List Is Here

    "From New York City to Houston, and Florida to California, Yelp's Top 100 Places to Eat list celebrates the must-visit local restaurants across the United States," Tara Lewis, Yelp's trend ...