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Eastern Mediterranean Cruises

The sparkling coast of the Eastern Mediterranean awaits.

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Luxury Cruises to the Eastern Mediterranean

From its stunning coastline and ancient architecture to its famous cuisine and charming culture, cruising through the Eastern Mediterranean is one of the most rewarding vacations you’ll ever experience.

On one of our luxury European cruises to the Eastern Mediterranean, you’ll discover incredible ports in Israel, Croatia, Greece, Malta, Turkey, Slovenia, Montenegro, and Italy. Stroll alongside the white-washed buildings of Santorini. Explore the walled city of Dubrovnik. Marvel at historic landmarks in Istanbul. Or visit one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World in Ephesus. There’s no shortage of beauty and wonder awaiting during an Eastern Mediterranean cruise.


Eastern Mediterranean Cruise Highlights

Ancient ruins.

Explore fascinating historical treasures on a cruise to the Eastern Mediterranean. In Athens, visit the famous ruins of the Parthenon, a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena that dates back to 438 BC. Step inside Diocletian’s Palace in Split, a sprawling fort built for a Roman emperor in the fourth century. During an overnight stay in Jerusalem, see famous religious landmarks including the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, the scene of Jesus’ resurrection, and the Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock, two sacred Muslim sites.

Greek Sunsets

You’ll never forget the first time you witness one of Greece’s legendary sunsets. Oia, a picturesque town on the island of Santorini, and Zakynthos, a small island surrounded by impossibly blue waters, are both considered some of the best spots in the world to see the sun go down. Make your way up a cliffside restaurant or viewing point and watch as the sky transforms into a canvas of pink, orange, and purple hues in the distance. 

Mediterranean Cuisine

Feast your senses on the delicious food and drink of this magical region. Explore the unique flavors of Eastern Europe during your days in port, where you’ll dine in seaside restaurants, wander through charming local markets, and sip some of the best wines in the world. Enjoy grilled fish and fresh octopus in Greece. Order a plate of black risotto, a Croatian specialty, in Split or Dubrovnik. While in Israel, eat as much hummus, falafel, and baba ganoush as your heart desires.

Featured Ports

Sail into the sparkling coast of Dubrovnik, a chic Croatian port known as the “Pearl of the Adriatic.” Walk around the well-preserved city walls and admire the scenic terracotta rooftops. Feast on Croatian wine and oysters, two of the region’s delicacies. Visit the Rector’s Palace, a stunningly restored Gothic building. Enjoy a leisurely bike ride around a nearby village, then lounge under the sun at one of Dubrovnik’s lovely sandy beaches.

You’ll fall head over heels with Santorini as soon as you step foot on this idyllic Greek Island, where winding alleys are surrounded by white-washed buildings, blooming flowers, and spectacular views of the Ionian Sea. Explore the cliffside villages of Fira and Oia and their cafes, restaurants, and blue-domed churches. Sail around the island’s scenic half-moon-shaped bay while marveling at a volcanic caldera. Or lounge under the sun and dip your toes in one of Santorini’s famous black sand beaches.

East meets West in Istanbul, a cosmopolitan city located between Europe and Asia that combines the best of both worlds. Learn all about the rich history of iconic landmarks like the Blue Mosque and the Hagia Sophia. Go shopping at the labyrinth Grand Bazaar, where you’ll find all sorts of handmade treasures. Sip on a glass of Turkish tea by the Bosphorus, the body of water that separates the European and Asian sides of the city.

Eastern Mediterranean Cruise Itineraries

The Eastern Mediterranean cruise season begins in late May and lasts until mid-October. You’ll find everything from 6-night jaunts around Croatia, Greece, and Montenegro and 7-night sailings that stop in Italy, Malta, and Croatia, to lengthier journeys around the area, including 10-night cruises to Italy, Croatia, and Montenegro and 12-night journeys around Turkey and the Greek Islands. Most of our Eastern Mediterranean cruises spend only a day at sea, giving you plenty of time to explore the region in depth. 


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Why Sail to the Eastern Mediterranean with Celebrity Cruises

There’s no better way to explore the Mediterranean than on a cruise with Celebrity Cruises. Once you set sail around this magical region, you’ll understand why we’ve been voted the best cruise line in Europe for 11 consecutive years. Not only will you travel to some of the most coveted destinations in the Eastern Mediterranean, but you’ll also enjoy an unrivaled experience on board during your time at sea.

Our ships are known for their impeccable service, unlimited entertainment offerings, and world-class cuisine. Savor dishes crafted by our Michelin-starred chef that bring the flavors and food of the destination right to your plate. Spend an indulgent day at our serene spa, where you’ll leave feeling refreshed and reinvigorated. Marvel at the thrilling performances that take place in the theater, and enjoy unbeatable views of the ocean everywhere you turn. 

If you want to take your vacation to the next level, book an Eastern Mediterranean cruise on one of our newest vessels, Celebrity Edge or Celebrity Apex. These cutting-edge ships feature an innovative outward design that brings the ocean right into your stateroom. Explore exciting venues such as Eden, a bar, lounge, and restaurant with live performances and inventive cuisine, as well as the Magic Carpet, a moving cantilevered platform where you’ll feel as if you’re floating above the ocean.

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cruise eastern med

Come on board one of our Mediterranean cruises, and immerse yourself in the Egyptian, Greek, Persian, Iberian and Roman cultures, just to mention a few. Discover the popular Mediterranean cuisine where olive oil, wheat, grains, fruits and vegetables are always abundant. Whether you're on a romantic Mediterranean vacation as a couple or traveling with family or friends, Southern Europe is a fantastic place to visit and explore some of the most emblematic monuments around the world. Explore the Colosseum in Rome , the Parthenon in  Athens or the Basílica de la Sagrada Familia in Barcelona  and create unique experiences and memorable moments aboard one of our MSC cruises around the Mediterranean. Discover the hidden gems in Spain, Italy, France, Greece, Morocco, Croatia, Cyprus, Malta, Montenegro, Portugal, Slovenia, Serbia, Albania, Tunisia and Turkey, while on a cruise in the Mediterranean Sea.  Adventure and culture await you. Browse through our available Mediterranean trips and choose from a list of unforgettable visits to the Acropolis in Athens, make a wish by the Trevi Fountain in Rome or savor French cuisine in Marseille . We'll organize everything for you so you can enjoy every moment of your Mediterranean vacation. There's no better time than now to plan your vacation. Book one of our Mediterranean cruises for 2024 and 2025, or treat yourself to a last-minute trip on a Mediterranean cruise with MSC Cruises.

Mediterranean Countries

If you have always wanted to go abroad and learn more about Europe, discover the best of the Mediterranean with MSC Cruises and explore the most authentic Spanish, French, Greek or Italian cultures, among many others. A Western Mediterranean cruise will take you to destinations such as the ports of Barcelona and Valencia in Spain, Civitavecchia (Rome), Genoa (Portofino and Le Cinque Terre), Naples (Pompeii, Capri and Sorrento) in Italy, or Marseille (Provenza) and Cannes (Montecarlo) in France, just to mention a few. You can also book an Eastern Mediterranean cruise and visit places such as Venice, Split and Dubrovnik in Croatia, Istanbul in Turkey, Piraeus (Athens), Katakolon (Olympia) in Greece and the Greek islands of Corfù, Santorini, Mykonos, Rhodes and Heraklion in Crete. Get to know the cornerstone of our modern culture and explore their rich history and colorful, picturesque streets brimming with culture and activity.

Greece & Greek Island Cruises

Are you familiar with Greece and The Greek Islands? Known for their white sandy beaches, turquoise-blue waters and fabulous greek cuisine, their vast cultural and historical heritage influenced the rest of Europe for millennia. Unsure of what to see in Greece and its islands? Come aboard a Greek cruise with MSC Cruises and discover destinations such as Rhodes, a UNESCO World Heritage Site with an incredible medieval city, the ruins of Kamiros, or the temple of Athena Lindia. You'll also be able to explore Katakolon, the gateway to Olympia which was home to the first Olympic Games and also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Explore Heraklion, the location of the famous and mythical Minotaur labyrinth, and capital city of Crete, where you will also be able to visit the Palace of Knossos, the Palace of Phaestos, and much more. Don't miss the magnificence of this country, with world-famous attractions such as the Acropolis and La Plaka in Athens, and also home to smaller coastal towns with charming and picturesque harbors in Corfu, Santorini or Mykonos. Explore these and many more destinations on our Greek island cruises. Enjoy the treasures of each destination. FIND YOUR CRUISE

Italy Cruises

As you may know, Italy holds a prominent position in the Mediterranean, and its extensive coastline offers many cultural opportunities and spectacular views for those traveling by sea. Our ships will take you to the main cruise ports in Italy, and from there, to famous cities such as Rome, Naples (Pompeii, Capri and Sorrento), Venice, Genoa (Portofino and Le Cinque Terre), Messina (Taormina), Siracusa or Palermo, among others. We'll do all this and even more for your Mediterranean vacation. MSC Cruises can also offer calls and trips to more obscure gems like Trieste where you'll find the Miramare Castle, Livorno – the gateway to Florence and Pisa - , or the wonders of Puglia and Basilicata, featuring Bari, Brindisi, Lecce, Alberobello and Matera. Whether you are traveling with family, friends, or in a couple's getaway, experience life aboard a spectacular cruise ship while visiting cities surrounded by the turquoise blue of the Mediterranean Sea: immerse yourself in the local culture and enjoy the different cuisine offered by each Italian region. Every cruise is special experience with MSC Cruises. FIND YOUR CRUISE

Croatia Cruises

Croatia, located across from Italy on the other side of the Adriatic Sea, is known for its many islands and coastal towns which are famous for their picturesque buildings, enhanced by the natural beauty of their surroundings. Choose to cruise through Croatia and discover the city of Dubrovnik, a UNESCO World Heritage Site: enjoy the Rector's Palace, the Modra Spilja Cave, or take a stroll down charming streets with the Mediterranean on one side, and idyllic mountains in the background. If you're looking for a place with a little more bustle, our Croatia cruises will take you to Split, an Ancient Roman town that is now a busy city and no longer resembles a Roman settlement. Explore its seafront cafés and businesses as well as historical sites such as the Temple of Jupiter. FIND YOUR CRUISE


mediterranean cruise deals

The perfect moment for amazing new experiences in the Mediterranean at the best price is now. Take a look at the Mediterranean cruise deals and packages by MSC Cruises and explore Italy, Spain and the French Riviera, or enjoy delicious Greek food while taking in the breathtaking views of Athens. It is never too early to start planning your idyllic vacation and discover the best Mediterranean cruise deals for 2024 and 2025. Whether you prefer to visit the Eastern Mediterranean and immerse yourself in the streets and history of Croatia, Greece and Turkey, or visit the Western Mediterranean, to sample delicious Spanish tapas or authentic French crepes, we have eastern and western Mediterranean cruise deals to cater to your preferences. Either of these options will take you to some of the most beautiful places in Italy. Enjoy the treasures of each destination at the best prices with the best Mediterranean cruise deals by MSC Cruises.

Mediterranean Ports

Choose your favorite Mediterranean port and venture into a world of discovery with MSC Cruises. Whether you prefer to embark in the Spanish port of Barcelona, the French ports of Marseille (Provence) or Cannes, the Greek port of Piraeus, or one of the ports along the Italian Riviera such as Genoa (Portofino) and Civitavecchia (Rome), MSC offers you a wide variety of interesting places to enjoy during your trip. For centuries, Mediterranean ports have been gateways to some of the oldest cities of Europe, and today you can take advantage of them, and enjoy the treasures of each destination.


Enjoy a vacation in Venice and discover one of the most beautiful and unique cities in Europe thanks to one of our best Italy cruises. Experience the excitement of a UNESCO World Heritage Site, built upon 118 small islands, interconnected by more than 400 bridges. Venice has been a hugely influential port since the Middle Ages, when it amassed great wealth that is now visible in its impressive architecture and art. During your vacation to Venice you can stroll around Saint Mark's Square, visit the city's museums, or go for a Gondola ride. The "Queen of the Adriatic" awaits you: come aboard an MSC Cruise and discover the treasures of each Mediterranean destination.


Choose a Barcelona cruise and experience a city that combines the intricate, winding street patterns of a medieval settlement and the structured avenues of a modern town. This city, known as the "Ciudad Condal" to Spanish natives, is attractive to visitors for countless reasons and At MSC Cruises we organize excursions for you to see some of the famous landmarks, such as the Sagrada Familia, the Camp Nou Stadium, or the Casa Milà, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. If you want to know more about Barcelona, this is the cruise for you. The port of Barcelona is also a sight in itself: it is one of Spain's main ports, and it has a history that dates back almost 2,000 years. It's the perfect place to begin your Barcelona cruise and treat yourself to an unforgettable vacation.


Are you familiar with Santorini? If not, imagine a paradise on a Greek island with turquoise blue waters and little white and blue houses: the perfect stop for your MSC cruise ship. Enjoy all this port has to offer while on your trip, and experience Greek cuisine and culture. A cruise to Santorini means a time of rest and relaxation among the breathtaking backdrop of the Cyclades, the island group to which Santorini belongs. There, you can sunbathe on the beach, walk among the white and blue streets of its capital city, Fira, or explore the island and its views. Chief among the landmarks of the island is the Caldera, a volcanic depression in the shape of a half moon, which resembles a cauldron. For those interested in history, a Santorini cruise will grant you access to many cultural spots and archaeological museums where you can learn about the people who lived in the Cyclades millennia ago: After all, classical Greek culture was the cornerstone for our modern society.


  • Ajaccio, France
  • Alicante, Spain
  • Ancona (Urbino), Italy
  • Bar, Montenegro
  • Barcelona, Spain
  • Bari, Italy
  • Bodrum, Turkey
  • Brindisi (Lecce) , Italy
  • Cadiz (Seville) , Spain
  • Cagliari (Sardinia) , Italy
  • Cannes, France
  • Cartagena, Spain
  • Casablanca (Marrakech) , Morocco
  • Cefalonia, Greece
  • Ceuta, Spain
  • Chania (Crete) , Greece
  • Civitavecchia (Rome) , Italy
  • Corfu, Greece
  • Dubrovnik, Croatia
  • Funchal (Madeira Is.) , Portugal
  • Genoa (Portofino) , Italy
  • Gibraltar, Gibraltar
  • Heraklion (Crete) , Greece
  • Ibiza (Baleari Is.) , Spain
  • Istanbul, Turkey
  • Izmir, Turkey
  • Katakolon (Olympia) , Greece
  • Koper, Slovenia
  • Kotor, Montenegro
  • Kusadasi, Turkey
  • La Goulette, Tunisia
  • La Spezia (Cinque Terre) , Italy
  • Limassol, Cyprus
  • Lisbon (Cascais) , Portugal
  • Livorno (Florence) , Italy
  • Mahon, Spain
  • Malaga (Granada) , Spain
  • Marmaris, Turkey
  • Marseille (Provence) , France
  • Messina (Taormina) , Italy
  • Mykonos, Greece
  • Naples (Pompeii) , Italy
  • Olbia, Italy
  • Palermo (Monreale) , Italy
  • Palma de Mallorca (Baleari Is.) , Spain
  • Piraeus (Athens) , Greece
  • Ravenna, Italy
  • Rhodes (Lindos) , Greece
  • Rijeka, Croatia
  • Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Canary Is.) , Spain
  • Santorini, Greece
  • Sarande, Albania
  • Split, Croatia
  • Syracuse, Italy
  • Tangier (Tetouan) , Morocco
  • Taranto (Alberobello) , Italy
  • Tarragona, Spain
  • Trieste (Venice), Italy
  • Valencia, Spain
  • Valletta, Malta
  • Venice - Marghera, Italy
  • Villefranche sur Mer (Montecarlo) , France
  • Zadar, Croatia
  • Zakynthos, Greece

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cruise eastern med

Eastern Mediterranean Cruises

With natural wonders, iconic cultural highlights, and of course, a long list of incredible cuisine to gorge on, it’s no surprise that the eastern Mediterranean is one of the world’s top tourist destinations.

With beautiful cities like Dubrovnik, Athens , Venice and Kotor among its highlights, the unmistakable combination of historic destinations, sunshine and rugged coastlines make for a multitude of breath-taking adventures.

And with a superb selection of cheap cruise deals to the region, we’ve made sure our Eastern Mediterranean cruises let you explore and experience only the best of this awe-inspiring part of the world.

Got the travel itch and looking for last-minute Mediterranean cruises? How about a holiday where everything’s taken care for you? Whichever way you’re looking to travel in 2023, Eastern Mediterranean cruises from Cruise Nation have what you’re looking for – and more.

What’s the weather like in the Eastern Mediterranean?

There are plenty of great times to cruise the Eastern Mediterranean. But when it comes to weather, certain months are better than others, so before you book it’s good to know the prime times to cruise the region.


Having the freedom to cruise your way is just one of the many reasons why Cruise Nation is the way to go for the ultimate Eastern Mediterranean cruise getaway.

We like to keep your options open here. If flying isn’t your thing, then our  no-fly cruises  do away with baggage restrictions and long queues. Simply head to a nearby UK port and you’ll find your cruise liner awaiting your arrival.

Our fly cruises, meanwhile, let you lengthen your leisure time either side of your holiday. Want to soak up the  Athenian sun  for a few days before you set sail? You can do that. Or maybe you’re not quite  ready to leave Rhodes just yet ? Simply add a few extra days onto your itinerary.

Whether it’s a short stay, a longer stretch or somewhere in between, you’ll find 5-day, 7-day, 10-day Eastern Mediterranean cruises right here with FREE stay options to make sure you get the most out of your unforgetable holiday.

Eastern Mediterranean Highlights

The Eastern Mediterranean’s most charming old town, sailing into Dubrovnik is a magical experience whether it’s your first or fifth time.

The city’s status as a popular tourist hub has escalated over the past several years, and once you step onshore, it’s easy to see why. Baroque buildings line the pristine streets, twisting stone steps lead to hidden restaurants and bars, while the azure waters tempt swimmers to take the plunge, even in the colder months.

Food lovers will delight at the wide variety of cuisine on offer, but it’s in the seafood restaurants where Dubrovnik’s unique tastes truly shine. After dinner, head for the city’s cliffside bars or take the scenic cable car to the heights of Mount Srd (pronounced serj ) for one of the finest sunsets views in the entire Mediterranean.

One of the world’s oldest cities, Athens’ listed historic sites, mythical gods and laid-back lifestyle has kept travellers returning to the Greek capital for hundreds of years. It’s a kind of appeal that won’t be changing anytime soon.

Today, the sprawling city is a perfect blend of old and new: ruins sit next to chic new restaurants, centuries-old artefacts hang side-by-side with modern masterpieces and boutique hotels provide a fresh take on city-dwelling.

No Athens stop on a Mediterranean cruise would be complete without a visit to the Acropolis and the Parthenon, while those looking to indulge in some retail therapy should make for the Plaka – the city’s oldest neighbourhood, lined with pretty boutiques and jewellery stores – for a wardrobe refresh with a twist.

Romance, mystery and intrigue combine in one of the world’s most-visited cities. The floating maze of streets and winding canals that cover Venice’s 100 islands are easy to lose yourself among, but a short gondola ride will soon see you back at Venezia’s main attractions.

Unmissable sights include the hidden rooms and passages of the Dodge’s Palace in St. Mark’s Square, the beautiful Bridge of Sighs and the incredible artwork of the Basilica. Bucket lists at the ready…

Venice is also one of the finest cities in the world for food and drink. Avoid the tourist-traps and sky-high prices around the most famous sights and instead dive down a side street, where bars and restaurants are filled with local alfresco diners, sipping elegantly on Aperol Spritzes canal-side.

Once the capital of the Eastern Christian Empire, Istanbul has been home to a number of fascinating cultures – including the Romans, Greeks and Ottomans. This diverse heritage has had a huge impact on the city, and Istanbul continues to be a cultural capital for art, religion and traditional Islamic architecture.

With more galleries, museums and minarets than you can point a camera at, Istanbul’s picturesque array of art and architecture makes for plenty of photo-ready opportunities for the snap-happy. Once you’re finished creating your very own postcard shots, be sure to sample its food, from huge mezes to incredible kebabs, made in ways you won’t have tried before.

And what makes Istanbul even better? It’s the ideal starting point to begin your cruise to the Eastern Mediterranean – within close travelling distance to a number of beautiful destinations including Ephesus and Halicarnassus.

Whether it’s a deep dive into its past or a lounge on the beach, Rhodes offers the best of both worlds. Begin at Rhodes Old Town, where you’ll uncover a twisting labyrinth of cobbled alleys, awe-inspiring architecture, and ruins from Classical, Ottoman and Italian eras waiting to be discovered.

The New Town, meanwhile, is anything but ancient. A sprawling modern resort, tourists are well catered for here. Festooned with beaches, high-end shops, a bustling nightlife, and plenty of bars to pull up a chair at, it’s a completely different world from the Old Town.

But Rhodes’ true highlight is perhaps its cuisine. Foodies are in for a real treat here; the local cuisine is about so much more than powering you through the day. It’s a way of life. Expect succulent lamb dishes, fresh Greek yoghurt flavoured with herb-infused honey, succulent souvlaki, and locally caught fish that came ashore just hours earlier.

Bari might not have the big-name reputation of other Eastern Mediterranean ports, but its hidden-gem status surely won’t last much longer. Once a gritty urban sprawl, Bari’s easy access has given it a new-found energy, a place that welcomes all who step foot on its shores.

Lined with ancient narrow streets, Bari’s Old Town is home to spectacular architecture that dates back a thousand years. Here, you’ll find the relics of St. Nicholas himself inside Basilica di San Nicola, while Bari Cathedral promises unforgettable sightseeing within a peerless Christian Basilica.

Elsewhere, the city has undergone significant renewal, with an array of highlights and tourist attractions introduced in recent years. These more recent sights sit alongside Bari’s bohemian enclaves, with a plethora of exhibitions, film screenings and art workshops bringing a unique cultural flair to this underrated Italian port city.

Once overshadowed by nearby Dubrovnik, Split’s personality has made it a go-to for tourists in recent times. And with no shortage of things to see and do and delicious food to eat, it’s easy to see why.

A wander through Split’s Old Town offers up plenty of sights, chief among them being Diocletian’s Palace, a UNESCO-listed highlight that offers up arched gateways, marbled columns and the chance to scale the bell tower of the Cathedral of St Domnius, where incredible views of city and coast await.

Elsewhere, year-round sun warms the palm-lined Riva, a seafront promenade where locals take their coffee very seriously. Grab a cup before heading to Bačvice beach’s warming waters for some rest and relaxation.

For culture lovers, Meštrović Gallery and the Gallery of Fine Art are sure to satisfy, but be sure to leave room for Split’s food scene too – especially if fish is your thing.

It may be Greece’s answer to Ibiza, but there’s more to Mykonos than its pulsating party scene. And though the main town, Hora, certainly gets busy, there’s still plenty of quiet spots to check out amongst its bevy of boutiques, cafes and restaurants. Take the town’s windmills for instance. A short hike up the small hill away from the main town, it’s well worth making the trip here – especially at sunset.

At Hora’s edge, meanwhile, the Rarity Gallery boasts frequently changing exhibitions featuring the best in contemporary painting, photography and design. Elsewhere, to the south of Hora, the Aegean Maritime Museum, quiet and peaceful, lets visitors dive into Greece’s storied seafaring heritage, with an array of nautical artefacts from different centuries.

Delos is another highlight. The mythic birthplace of Apollo and Artemis, this uninhabited island plays hosts to several temple ruins and treasures. And when you’re done, the nearby beaches let the intrepid take up everything from windsurfing and kayaking to stand-up paddleboarding. With so much to see and do in Mykonos by day, it may be hard to muster up the energy to take in its fabled nightlife.

Eastern Mediterranean ports

Liking the sound of an Eastern Mediterranean Cruise right now? We thought you might. Here’s where you could be calling at in the very near future…

Eastern Mediterranean Cruises FAQs

The region’s first shoulder season starts around April and May. It’s a perfectly pleasant time to explore, with less of the uncomfortable heat you can expect in the summer months, so it’s perfect for sightseeing and active excursions. You can also expect smaller crowds, fewer children and less tourists. As for prices, a cruise at this time of the year won’t set you back as much compared to peak times.

As we move into June, temperatures start to rise, but not uncomfortably so. Rainfall is also a rarity. If you fancy a dip, then this is when the water starts to warm up, too. Crowds will begin to grow too, but it’s nothing like the peak summer season.

Heat, crowds and prices are at their highest in July and August. Lightweight clothing, plenty of water and shady breaks will serve you well, while frequent swims in the now-balmy Mediterranean are perhaps the best way to cool off.

The Eastern Mediterranean’s second shoulder season returns in September and October, and with it come fewer crowds and lower prices. What’s more, the lovely weather sticks around too, especially compared to the Western Mediterranean . It does cool down towards the end of September and into October, but it’s certainly better than the weather back home at this time of year.

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Greece Santorini Island Sunny Morning

20 Amazing Eastern Mediterranean Tours

Published on February 4, 2021

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Embark on a voyage to remember on a cruise to the Eastern Mediterranean. Set foot ashore at Istanbul, Ephesus (Kuşadası), Rhodes, Santorini, Jerusalem (Ashdod) and Haifa. Here is our top 20 list of the best tours for a Greece vacation or a holiday in Turkey or Israel. Enjoy!

Turkey Panaroma City Skyline

Cruise to Turkey and depart at incomparable Istanbul , the city where Europe and Asia collide. Soak up the extraordinary atmosphere when admiring many traces from the Ottoman and Byzantine past. Join the locals during your Turkey vacation at one of the many lovely tea gardens, bars or restaurants. This is the kind of place you'll want to return to one day.

Turkey Sultan Ahmed Blue Mosque Close-Up

Sultan Ahmed Mosque

The Sultan Ahmed Mosque has splendid domes, slender minarets and 260 windows. It's named after the sultan, who commissioned the mosque and reigned here from 1603 till 1617. While the mosque is grey on the outside, it's also called the Blue Mosque because of the blue tiles from the town of İznik that adorn the interior. Visitors can use the south door, worshippers the main entrance.

Turkey Hagia Sophia Interior

Hagia Sophia

Situated beside the mosque is the no less impressive red colored Hagia Sophia, which was built as Byzantine basilica in the 6th century. Back then, it was the world's largest building and an engineering marvel. It was also the world's largest cathedral for centuries until it became a mosque in the 16th century. In 1934, president Mustafa Kemal Atatürk decided to turn the mosque into a museum. Have a look at the glittering gold mosaics and learn more about its fascinating history.

Turkey Prince's Island's Historic Neighborhood

Trip to the Princes' Islands

Take a ferry across the Bosphorus to one of the Princes' Islands, nine islands southeast of Istanbul in the Sea of Marmara. The trip and a stroll around the islands will be one of the many highlights of your visit to Istanbul. The islands are mainly car-free and are a welcome change from the busy city streets. On the ferry, enjoy the views of mosques, palaces and timber mansions while sipping salep, a sweet, hot drink.

Turkey Grand Bazaar Local Lamps Crafts

Grand Bazaar

Head to one of the world's largest covered bazaars to shop for spices, textiles and other attractive souvenirs. The colorful market, a sprawling labyrinth in the heart of Istanbul's Old City, was built in 1461 by order of Mehmet the Conqueror. Take your time and drink tea with the vendors.

Turkey Topkapi Palace Tour

Topkapı Palace

Get a fascinating glimpse of life at the court of the Ottoman empire, which was located here between the 15th and 19th centuries. Construction of the vast complex on a hill began in 1459, six years after the conquest of Constantinople. Walk around the gardens, the four courtyards and be amazed by the magnificent Imperial Hall in the harem and the sultan's Petition Room. Also impressive are the displays of sacred relics and precious jewels.

Turkey Beach Coast During Summertime

Ephesus (Kuşadası)

Travel to the resort town of Kuşadası on Turkey's Aegean coast. Great beaches, food, and nightlife make this a popular destination and a good base for visiting Ephesus during your Turkey vacation. In Kuşadası, you can visit the recently renovated, picturesque Byzantine fortress, and Kaleiçi Camii, the Old Town Mosque, built in the 17th century. You can also go shopping in the Grand Bazaar and the Orient Bazaar, and of course, relax at the beach (Kadınlar Denizi, literally Ladies Sea).

Turkey Ephesus Ancient Ruins Historical Tours

The well-preserved ruins of Ephesus , a 1.5-square-mile area, give you an idea of life in the ancient Greco-Roman times. The UNESCO-listed World Heritage Site was built in the 10th century B.C. as a trading city and a center for the Anatolian fertility goddess Cybele. When the Roman Republic took control, it became a vibrant city of over 250,000 inhabitants. Excavations started 150 years ago, and still, only 29% of the ancient city has been uncovered. Check out the Library of Celsus with its towering columns and the statue of the goddess of wisdom. The Scholastica Baths with its marble toilets and the remarkable Ephesus' Terraced Houses are fascinating as well.

Turkey Ayasuluk Fortress Tour

Situated a few miles from Ephesus is the pleasant village of Selçuk. You can enjoy the views from the hilltop with the Byzantine ruins of the Basilica of St. John the Apostle, built in the sixth century, and the spectacular well-preserved Ayasuluk Fortress. Migrating storks use the nearby Roman & Byzantine Aqueduct for their huge nests. West of the center is a reconstructed pillar, which is what remains of the Temple of Artemis. This was once the biggest temple on Earth, and one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

Greece Dilek Peninsula Buyuk Menderes National Park

Dilek Peninsula-Büyük Menderes National Park

Go hiking in this large mountainous national park south of Kuşadası. It is located on a peninsula that is separated from the Greek island of Samos by a narrow strait. Admire the stunning vistas and deep-green forests and take a dip in the azure blue sea from one of the sand or pebble beaches when you need to cool down. Don't be surprised when you spot a dolphin or some of the 256 (!) bird species that live here.

Turkey Pamukkale Cotton Palace Blue Thermal Waters

Consider a trip to the village of Pamukkale, 118 miles (190 km) east of Kuşadası. It is famous for its surrealistic white terraces, called the "Cotton Castle" (pamuk means cotton in Turkish). A dip in the calcium-rich, blue thermal waters is an experience you won't easily forget. In the second century B.C., people came to enjoy the healing waters, and the city of Hierapolis was built here. Visit the extensive ruins, such as the fountain, amphitheater and necropolis.

Greece Santorini Cyclades Islands Blue Dome

Cruise to rocky — but breathtaking — Santorini for a fantastic Greece vacation. One of the Cyclades islands in the Aegean Sea, it's situated 120 miles (200 km) southeast of Greece's mainland. Officially called Thira, the island is known for its dramatic volcanic scenery and picturesque whitewashed villages. Its rugged landscape was formed by a volcanic eruption in the 16th century B.C.

Greece Nea Kameni Volcanic Black Rock Tour

Take a boat from the Fira or Athinios ports to the small, uninhabited island of Nea Kameni. It is made of black lava rock and is almost round. You can hike the steep gravel paths to the top of the 427-feet-high (130 meters) volcanic crater and pass red, grassy succulents and active, smoking craters. Beside it is the even smaller Palea Kameni, which means Old Burnt Island, where you can relax at the sulfurous hot springs.

Greece Fira Principal Town View

Whitewashed Towns

Santorini's principal towns, Fira and Oia, cling to cliffs. Stroll along the meandering streets and check out the photogenic white houses. The bustling capital of Fira can be reached by a cable car. Have a look at the picturesque blue-domed St. Gerasimos Church and the Byzantine castle ruins. Next, sit down at a cozy waterfront taverna to enjoy Greek seafood. You'll have picturesque views of the sea, the other islands, the black and red lava pebbled beaches, and the deep blue waters. In Oia, don't miss the stunning sunset and sample Santorini's delicious Vinsanto dessert wine.

Greece Rhodes Temple Ruins

Looking for ancient history combined with breathtaking nature and laid-back beaches? You've come to the right place. This Greek island, located less than 12 miles (20 km) from Turkey, was once famous for the Colossus, a 108-feet-high (33 meters) statue of the Greek sun-god Helios. Erected at the harbor in 280 B.C., it was considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Nowadays, it's no surprise Rhodes is among the most visited of all Greek islands and a great spot for a Greece vacation.

Greece Old Town of Rhodes City Road

The Medieval Old Town

The crusading Knights of St. John used the island as their main base from 1309 until 1522. They left their traces on the gorgeous Old Town of Rhodes City, which is surrounded by medieval walls with seven gates and a dry moat bed. Climb the clock tower for a bird's-eye view of the city.

Greece Palace of the Grand Master of the Knights of Rhodes

Palace of the Grand Master of the Knights of Rhodes

One of the highlights of the island is this medieval citadel, also known as the Kastello, and one of the few examples of Gothic architecture in Greece. Originally a Byzantine fortress, the Knights Hospitaller used it as their palace, headquarters and fortress. Admire the panoramic view from the high towers, and check out the pretty mosaic floors dating from Hellenic, Roman and early Christian times.

Greece Acropolis of Lindos Rhodes City

Acropolis of Lindos

Around 31 miles (50 km) south of Rhodes City, it's worth making the trip to the town of Lindos for its beautifully preserved, cliff-top acropolis. This natural citadel was fortified by the Greeks, the Romans, the Byzantines, the Knights of St. John and the Ottomans. Stroll around the remains of the Temple to Athena Lindia, the monumental fourth-century gates, and the columns of the Hellenistic stoa, once a covered walkway.

Israel Ashdod Jerusalem Old City

Jerusalem (Ashdod)

Cruise to Ashdod , the largest port in Israel, south of Tel Aviv, to start your Holy Land tours. From here, it's a one-hour drive east to the fabulous city of Jerusalem, or Al-Quds in Arabic, meaning "the holy one." A visit to the city sacred to Jews, Muslims and Christians alike will be a memorable experience. Pass through Damascus or Jaffa Gate, or one of the six other gates, and stroll around the mythical Old City, built in the early 16th century by the Turkish Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent.

Israel Dome of the Rock Mosque Gold Dome

Dome of the Rock Mosque

Head to the Temple Mount or Al Haram Ash Sharif, an ample public space sacred to all three monotheist faiths. You won't miss the iconic Dome of the Rock, constructed between 688 and 691, with its distinctive gold dome and traditional Islamic geometric designs. The dome covers a piece of stone sacred to both the Muslim and Jewish religions. Next to the building is the Al-Aqsa Mosque, the third holiest site in Islam. Non-Muslims are not permitted to enter the Dome of the Rock and Al-Aqsa Mosque. The Temple Mount plaza is surrounded by walls, including the Western Wall, Judaism's holiest prayer site.

Israel Church of the Holy Sepulchre Interior

Church of the Holy Sepulchre

Join the crowds of pilgrims through the Via Dolorosa street and follow the smell of frankincense to the intriguing Church of the Holy Sepulchre, one of Christianity's most sacred sites. The church was built in 335, destroyed in 1009, and then rebuilt again. It is believed this was where Jesus was crucified, died and was resurrected.

Israel Yad Vashem Memorial Statue

Yad Vashem Memorial

Yad Vashem means "a memorial and a name." This is Israel's official memorial to the six million Jews who were killed during World War II. The 18-hectare site both honors the people who died and is a research center to record the names of people who didn't have any family. There are photos of the victims and an eternal flame near a crypt containing the ashes of victims.

Israel Haifa Shrine of the Bab Gardens

Cruise to Haifa the country's third-largest city, which is beautifully set on the slopes of Mount Carmel. You'll find several interesting sights and a pleasant, sandy beach to enjoy your Holy Land tours. Stroll around Wadi Salib, the Old City center near the port, and continue to Wadi Nisnas, the Arab quarter. The trendy German Colony neighborhood is not to be missed either. Still, the absolute highlight is the iconic Shrine of the Bab.

Israel Bahai World Center Garden

Bah'ai World Center

Haifa is the world center for the Baha'i faith. You can walk around the lovely Bah'ai Gardens set around the 19 steep terraces. Next, visit the Shrine of the Bab, a UNESCO World Heritage site. The striking golden dome is composed of 12,000 tiles. Men and women must be covered from shoulders to knees. The pilgrimage site, built in 1953, is said to hold the remains of the Bab. Recommended is the free, 45-minute Panorama Tour. From the Viewing Balcony, you have a breathtaking view of the shrine and out toward the Mediterranean Sea.

Israel Baha'l Gardens Town Historic

German Colony

At the foot of the Baha'i Gardens is this picturesque, restored neighborhood. It was founded in the late 1860s by German Templars, who came to establish a Christian community here. The nowadays lively culture and tourism center is lined with pretty stone houses with attractive cafes, restaurants, art galleries and boutiques.

Israel Stella Maris Carmelite Virgin Statue

Stella Maris Carmelite Monastery

For magnificent views of Haifa and the surroundings, take the cable car at Bat Galim's seafront promenade up to Mt. Carmel. Visit the Stella Maris Carmelite Monastery and the church with its beautifully painted ceiling and dome. The monastery — the name is Latin for "Star of the Sea" — was established in the late 12th century. The current building was constructed in 1836. Wear clothing that covers your shoulders and knees.

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Mediterranean Cruises and Cruisetours

Experience the cuisine and culture of italian and greek cruises.

Best Cruises for Food Lovers

Food & Wine Magazine

On a Mediterranean cruise with Princess®, explore the homes of Greek gods, Italian artists and multicultural treasures. As you walk down bustling roads and beaches, cultures and history fill the air. Uncover divine legends at the Acropolis, admire religious relics at Dubrovnik’s Cathedral or climb the Leaning Tower of Pisa and soak up sweeping views of the emerald landscapes.

Mediterranean Cruise Options

Mediterranean (From Barcelona)

The gateway to greatness

On these Mediterranean cruises, travel from Spain through some of Europe’s most famous ports as you make your way to Italy. Begin in Barcelona where archaic artwork is on display throughout the city. Then saunter through the lavender fields of Provence when you cruise to Marseille. Or visit Il Campo dei Miracoli, also known as “The Field of Miracles,” a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the heart of Pisa

Mediterranean & Aegean (From Rome)

From one sea to another

Embark on a Mediterranean cruise through the Aegean Sea and stroll through highlights of Italy and Greece while also visiting hidden gems like Montenegro. Sail along the Amalfi Coast and tour ancient ruins, including Pompeii. Then cruise to Mykonos, where windmills and bright white architecture accent the turquoise sea. Continue indulging in dreamy landscapes in Athens where mythology comes to life.

Mediterranean & Adriatic (From Athens)

Culture, cuisine and connections

Marvel at world-renowned landmarks on a Mediterranean cruise through the Adriatic Sea. Arrive into Athens early to explore the original Olympic stadium. Then sail to the black-sand beaches of Santorini before feasting your eyes on the culinary creations of Italy. Fill up on pizzas and pastas in Sicily and Naples before cruising into Barcelona.

Mediterranean Cruisetours

13 - 31 Nights

Highlights of Spain Cruisetour

3 nights Madrid

1 night Valencia

2 nights Barcelona

Escorted by a Tour Director

Then board your Mediterranean cruise

Explore Gibraltar, Provence, Genoa and Florence

Select sightseeing included

Most meals included

13 - 27 Nights

Classic Italy Cruisetour

2 nights Venice

2 nights Florence

2 nights Rome

Then sail to Naples and Sicily, depending on your itinerary

Longer Mediterranean cruisetours may also visit ports in Greece, Turkey, France and beyond

11 - 25 Nights

Best of Greece Cruisetour

1 night Athens

1 night Nafplion (only on 2024 cruisetours)

1 night Delphi

1 night Kalambaka

Mediterranean Cruise Ports of Call

Discover some of the world-renowned destinations that await you on a Mediterranean cruise with Princess.

Rooted in Greek mythology, Athens is alive with stories from civilizations of the past. On a cruise to Europe departing from Athens, arrive early to tour the remains of ancient lores — like the Temple of Olympian Zeus and Acropolis — dine at the city’s lively tavernas and admire iconic sculptures bathed in natural light within the Acropolis Museum.

Until it was popularized by the 1992 Olympics, Barcelona was a hidden gem amidst Europe’s diverse landscapes. Now it’s widely recognized for its architectural masterpieces and spirited customs. On European cruises from Barcelona, leave enough time before you depart to visit Park Güell — a UNESCO World Heritage Site — and feel inspired by the colors and unique artistry that lies in the park and throughout the entire city.

As one of the greenest islands in Greece, Corfu is an emerald treasure amidst the colorful Mediterranean landscape. From Paleokastritsa, hike to the mountaintop for unparalleled views of the Ionian Sea. Or get a taste of Corfu when you team up with a famous chef, and handpick local produce that they’ll use to prepare your lunch. Experience it all on a Greek cruise with Princess.

On a Mediterranean cruise to Livorno, travel to Florence or Pisa where artifacts abound. Capture snapshots of the Leaning Tower of Pisa, stop by Michelangelo’s David statue at the Accademia and walk up to the “Gates of Paradise” at the Baptistery. Or explore the countryside and meander through the region’s rolling hills that bear vineyards and green olive groves.

Nestled within Boka Bay lies a medieval gem. Kotor is enrobed in ancient houses, palaces and churches that speak to its 12th-century origins. On a Greek cruise, dine on Montenegrin cuisine in the home of a local chef, appreciate 14th-century Venetian art at St. Tryphon’s Cathedral and taste regional wines along the riviera. Or see another side of the city when you kayak through the tunnels of Lipa Cave.

As the largest port in the Mediterranean, Marseille is the gateway to opportunity. On a Mediterranean cruise, spend the day in Arles, and explore the landscapes that inspired much of Van Gogh’s artwork. Stroll through the MuSaMa, a soap museum, and create your own blend alongside a master soap maker. Or roam the city’s most popular landmark, Notre-Dame de la Garden, a Catholic basilica that overlooks the city.

Famous for its beaches and spirited lifestyle, Mykonos is the heartbeat of Greece. Embark on a jeep safari past the city’s windmills, lighthouses and lakes. Walk past temples and marble-lined sanctuaries in Delos, the birthplace of famous Greek gods. Or soak up a day of relaxation on the beach with the city’s Cycladic architecture as your backdrop — all on a Greek cruise with Princess.

Italy’s capital city is something of a dream. Grand chapels and stone angels line the roads, whispering secrets of Rome’s past. On a cruise to Europe from Rome, arrive early to toss a coin into Trevi Fountain. Legend has it, you’ll be guaranteed return to The Eternal City. Then walk in the footsteps of Emperors at the Colosseum, and receive a blessing from the Pope at St. Peter’s Square.

Santorini is the epitome of Greece. Wander into the welcoming cafes in Oia, a village teeming with whitewashed buildings and blue-domed roofs. Continue to some of the world’s oldest vineyards and taste the bouquet of wines produced on the island, making sure to visit the black-sand beach of Kamari before heading back to your Mediterranean cruise ship.

Why Cruise the Mediterranean

In lands where the culture is as flavorful as the cuisine, the splendor of the Mediterranean speaks for itself.

World-Class Dining

Captivating cuisine

With mouthwatering entrees and confections, the Mediterranean invites you to embark on a gourmet tour through iconic cities. Reawaken your taste buds with Italian classics like pastas, pizzas and gelato. Or fill your plate with gyros, keftethes and baklava on a Greek cruise. From breakfast to dinner and every delectable dessert in between, the best is before you with Princess.

Bold reds and crisp whites

The countryside of Italy and Greece are home to some of the most flavorful wines around the globe. With sun and warm temperatures year-round, vineyards are flourishing with grapes by the harvest season. Sip on Italy’s red wines, or sample Greece’s white blends. From sweet Lambruscos to earthy Bordeauxs, fill up your glass on a Mediterranean cruise with Princess.

Ancient Ruins

Where history comes to life

From towers and temples to cities and shorelines, the Mediterranean is sprinkled with remains of civilizations past. Step back in time on a tour through ancient ruins on a Mediterranean cruise with Princess. Imagine life as a gladiator at the Colosseum, explore Greek mythology at the Parthenon and discover the archeological excavations of Pompeii — a lost city and UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Art Galleries & Museums

Artistic ingenuity abounds

From the treasures on land to the jewels within museums, the Mediterranean is a true work of art. On an Italian cruise, see portraits from the Renaissance period at the Uffizi Museum in Florence, and admire Michelangelo’s masterpieces at the Vatican Museum in Rome. Or walk in the footsteps of celebrated artists that called these regions home — like Picasso and Dali — and allow their work to spark your creativity.

Sun-Kissed Beaches

A vision of natural beauty

Visions of sparkling coasts and crystalline waters welcome you to the Mediterranean. Dip your toes on the black-sand coast of Santorini on a Greek cruise. Head to Salerno to spend the day in Positano relaxing on the white beaches and admiring the pastel houses that decorate the cliffs around you. Or travel to Mykonos with your loved ones and daydream on the city’s long stretch of golden sand and stroll in the sunshine.

Mediterranean excursions

Our award-winning Mediterranean cruise shore excursions bring you to iconic beaches, landmarks and ancient artifacts. See the yacht-lined shores of Kotor while riding on a tuk tuk, an electric rickshaw. Savor the flavors of “Koum Kouat” liqueur, created from Corfu’s exclusive citrus plant. Or stroll along the streets of Dubrovnik’s Old town, one of the most well-preserved medieval cities in the world.

Local connections

From chefs and beverage makers to artists and guides, meet the many personalities that call the Mediterranean home with our Local Connections program. On a Mediterranean cruise, voyage to an olive tree farm just outside of Provence, and join your hosts for a unique olive oil tasting. Or explore the Archaeological Museum of Naples with a local artist, and accompany them for lunch to dive even deeper in Italy’s art scene.

More ashore

Enjoy even more opportunities to experience the colors, cultures and flavors of the Mediterranean with More Ashore late-night departures and overnight stays. Witness the beautiful sunset in Mykonos on a Greek cruise. Sit front-row for a flamenco dance, and savor a paella dinner during an evening in Barcelona. Or stroll the illuminated streets of Genoa with gelato in hand after a traditional Italian dinner.

Mediterranean Cruise Onboard Experience

Curated comfort, world-class entertainment and international flavors await you.


Your home away from home

Your stateroom is where you rest and recharge between adventures. That’s why every room is equipped with the expertly designed Princess Luxury Bed, 100% Jacquard-woven cotton linens and our SLEEP program created by a board-certified sleep expert. From interior cabins to full suites, unwind in any of our staterooms, and enjoy peace of mind with the option of connected rooms for families of four or more traveling together.

Flavors that inspire

From the zest of Provencal ratatouille to the sweetness of Greek Halva, the Mediterranean is bursting with flavor. On board most Princess ships, indulge in a pasta dinner at Sabatini’s℠, or savor local seafood at Crown Grill. While ashore, treat yourself to gelato in Italy or churros in Spain. From ship to shore, appease your appetite with one-of-a-kind dining experiences on every Mediterranean cruise itinerary.


Find your joy

Embark on adventures by day, and indulge in entertainment by night. Watch Movies Under the Stars® at our 300-square-foot outdoor theater. Attend original productions from Broadway legend Stephen Schwartz, composer of  Wicked . Or learn traditional moves, like Flamenco or Irish stepdance, and listen to popular music from the destinations on your itinerary. On a European cruise with Princess, the choice is yours.

Celebrations and Romance

Love blooms on the Love Boat

It's difficult to imagine something more romantic than sailing through the alluring cities and charming countryside of Europe. While on board your European cruise, we cater to your sentimental side with private dining on your balcony — like breakfast for two or a sunset dinner — honeymoon packages, flowers and chocolates delivered to your room and couples-only massages in the Sanctuary.

Youth & Teen Center

Step outside the classroom

Our European cruises were crafted with every guest in mind — even the younger ones. From 6-month old babies to 17-year old teens, kids can unwind and relax or play and explore. In partnership with Discovery™, kids can learn even more with special insights about Italy, Greece and everywhere in between. With engaging activities on board and ashore, kids can see history books come to life before their eyes.

Vegas hits the seas

Experience the thrill of cards, dice, roulette and blackjack at the casino onboard our European cruises. Learn from experts — like our staff or perhaps other guests nearby — and put your skills to the test. More casual players can pull up a seat at the slot machines for the same adrenaline at their own speed. For an afternoon full of games, join fellow travelers for Bingo, or compete in scheduled group tournaments.

Ships sailing Mediterranean cruises

Our Princess fleet includes ships that range from small to large vessels. From a balcony stateroom, marvel at breathtaking shorelines passing by before enjoying international cuisine in one of our many eateries during your Mediterranean cruise.

Star Princess®

Sun Princess®

Sky Princess®

Enchanted Princess®

Majestic Princess®

Caribbean Princess®

Emerald Princess®

Island Princess®

European Cruise Articles

Read about storied attractions, charming history, diverse cultures and preparation advice for cruising Europe.

Explore Europe

Learn all about our exciting options to visit Europe from cruises to in-depth cruisetour vacations. 

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Must-do summertime activities in Scandinavia

Discover the best summer holiday activities in Scandinavia, including wild swimming in Stockholm and rooftop drinking in Oslo.

Five reasons to cruise from Southampton

Looking for a cruise vacation from Southampton? Set sail to Canada, the Mediterranean, Scandinavia, Florida and around the British Isles with Princess Cruises.

How to see Stockholm from a unique perspective

Ice bars, rooftop tours, meatballs and more – use our handy city guide to get a fresh view of Sweden’s brilliant capital.

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Hoping to see the Northern Lights in Norway? Discover the best places to try to catch a glimpse of Mother Nature's exceptional light show

Travel, Airfare, & Hotels: Let Princess Get You There

Princess EZair® Flights

Stress-free airfare

Remove the hassle from air travel and give yourself the gift of flexibility, time and a thicker wallet with Princess EZair flights. We negotiate lower rates with the airlines, allow you to modify your flight up to 45 days prior with no penalty and protect you if your flight is late or canceled.

EZair flight quotes are available on our cruise search result details pages.

Airplane to Ship Transfer

We get you where you need to go

Let Princess pick you up from the airport and take you directly to your ship or hotel when you arrive, even if you didn't book your airfare through us. A uniformed Princess representative meets you at the airport after you've retrieved your luggage and transports you directly to your ship or hotel without you having to worry about the logistics of navigating a new city.

Cruise Plus Hotel Packages

Stay longer and relax

Extend your cruise vacation, and simplify your travel plans with a hotel stay at the beginning or end of your cruise. With a Cruise Plus Hotel Package, a Princess representative meets you at the airport and pier, transporting you to and from your hotel. The package includes the cost of your hotel stay, transportation, luggage handling and the services of the representative.

Need help planning?

Princess Cruise Vacation Planners are a dedicated resource to help you every step of the way through the planning process of your cruise vacation. And the best part is, they are absolutely FREE!

Cruise deals & promotions

Find our top sales, deals, partnerships and promotions for our destinations all in one place. We run promotions throughout the year and sometimes run sweepstakes where you could win prizes!

#PrincessCruises Europe Connections

See Europe through our guests’ eyes.

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Mediterranean Europe Cruises

Explore ancient glories, modern delights and stunning beauty on an unforgettable Mediterranean cruise vacation. From Rome, Italy’s legendary Colosseum to trend-setting Barcelona, Spain; every day is filled with iconic cityscapes and landmarks, flaxen beaches, and remote coastal villages. Choose from an array of carefully curated itineraries, destination ports, and breathtaking destinations to make your luxury Mediterranean cruise dream a reality.

  • Mediterranean Destinations
  • Mediterranean Ports
  • Mediterranean Shore Excursions
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Explore the Different Regions of the Mediterranean

Italy & Amalfi Coast

Travel from remote coastal, seashell-pink villages to iconic destinations like the Eternal City of Rome, Vatican City, and the Amalfi Coast. Incredible food and wanderlust-inducing sights await you in Italy.

Greece & Greek Isles

Immerse yourself in ancient wonders and once-in-a-lifetime excursions along with some of the bluest water on earth in the Greek Isles.

Croatia & Adriatic Coast

Dubrovnik’s massive walls, centuries of storied history, and a location snug to the serene Adriatic Sea, make a Croatia cruise a tempting endeavor.

No visit to Spain is complete without exploring Barcelona’s La Boqueria Market or tantalizing your tastebuds at a Food & Wine favorite restaurant in Grenada.

With ancient wine cellars, medieval castles stacked on idyllic hillsides, and numerous UNESCO World Heritage sites, Portugal satisfies every travel wish.

Make the Most of Your Europe Cruise Vacation

Peruse our convenient Mediterranean departure ports. Whether you’re interested in a 7-day cruise or a long voyage, your dream port is where the adventure begins.

national museum of art of catalonia in barcelona, spain

Cruises from Barcelona, Spain

Saint Peter’s Basilica from a tour of Rome and Naples

Cruises from Rome (Civitavecchia), Italy

temple of athena in athens, greece

Cruises from Athens (Piraeus), Greece

The port of Venice, Italy visited by Holland America Line cruises

Cruises From Trieste (Venice), Italy

statue seen in an italian art museum

Europe Departure Ports

Featured mediterranean cruise ports.

Dubrovnik, Croatia

Experience Dubrovnik charms on a Croatia cruise, from its red-orange rooftops to vistas of the deep blue Adriatic.

Kotor, Montenegro

Kotor is a maze of medieval beauty set on a bay with rolling mountains behind it. Walk along the Old City walls all the way up to Kotor’s fortress, where you’ll be treated to an overlook of red-orange rooftops.

Santorini, Greece

Santorini, the jewel in the crown of Greece's Cyclades, is best known as the island with the giant volcanic caldera at its heart.

Cadiz (Seville), Spain

Cádiz is a 3,000-year-old triumph with ancient history around every cobbled corner. Andalusian horse shows, 18th-century watch towers, and baroque churches will keep your camera busy.

Santa Cruz (Tenerife), Canary Islands

Escape to the Canary Islands to relax on soft golden beaches, ride a cable car to the top of Mount Teide, or explore the colorful plazas and mansions of San Cristóbal de La Laguna.

Lisbon, Portugal

Discover a fascinating mix of old and new with time-worn castles and white-domed cathedrals amid chic eateries and shops.

View all Mediterranean Cruise Ports

Featured mediterranean cruise shore excursions.

Shore Excursions help you connect deeply to the people and places you visit. 

cruise eastern med

A Walk Through Cádiz & The Flamenco Dance

Corfu winery with food & wine magazine, athens & the acropolis, mediterranean cruise travel tips.

Find out what to experience on your Mediterranean cruise. Read insider tips and recommendations for things to see and do in beloved European destinations.

Best Time for a Mediterranean Cruise

While the Mediterranean is incredible during summer, spring, and fall, the best time to visit depends on what you want to experience.

Mediterranean Food: Ties that Bind a Region

Calling all foodies. Learn about the origins and significance of Mediterranean food. Read about health benefits, key ingredients, and dishes to try on Mediterranean cruises.

Packing List for a Mediterranean Cruise

Whether you choose to immerse yourself in the history, culture, and stunning views in Greece, Italy, or Spain, pack smart, so you’ll be comfortable and stylish on your Mediterranean cruise excursions.

Featured Collectors' Voyages Back-To-Back Cruise Itineraries

Collectors' Voyages are combined back-to-back itineraries to make your Mediterranean cruise a longer journey. Span continents and oceans and travel to more seldom-seen destinations. Relish in more days at sea to unwind and more European cruise ports to discover. A Collectors' Voyage lets you unpack once and still see so much of the world. 

st. mark's square in venice, italy

Europe Cruise Onboard Experience

Travel to Europe’s most fascinating destinations on perfectly sized cruise ships offering unmatched service and an award-winning onboard experience. Enjoy entertainment for every preference and the best live music at sea.

musicians play at bb kings blues club onboard a holland america line cruise ship

Onboard Entertainment

A steak dinner served aboard a Holland America Line cruise ship.

Dining Experiences

Onboard activities, add to your cruise to the mediterranean.

Add flights and hotels before or after your cruise (or both!). Arrange ground transportation to create a custom cruise vacation package.

Find Flights To Europe

Book flights that depart and arrive in time for Mediterranean cruises with Holland America Line Flight Ease®. Find low prices, loads of options, and enjoy flexibility and support should plans change.

Add a Hotel Package

Extend your luxury Greek and Italian cruise. Add a hotel package to your Mediterranean cruise and indulge in an unforgettable overnight departure or arrival city.

Plan Ground Transportation

On Mediterranean cruises, we make it easy to schedule transfers between the airport and cruise ship. Arrange ground transportation ahead of time and breeze to and from your Mediterranean cruise.

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Get Free Planning Help

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Europe Cruises   |    Mediterranean Cruises    |    Northern Europe Cruises    |    Scandinavia & Baltic Sea Cruises    |    Transatlantic Cruises

cruise eastern med

Best cruise destinations for every type of traveler

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Choosing where to cruise is one half of a successful vacation: The right ship plus a carefully selected destination that matches your overall interests typically equals an enjoyable cruise experience.

So, what are the best cruise destinations for every type of traveler?

That depends. With several dozen destination options around the globe to choose from — everything from popular locales you can cruise to from U.S. ports to far-flung regions known to top many bucket lists — it can take a bit of research to find your perfect match.

For more cruise news, reviews and tips, sign up for TPG’s cruise newsletter.

That’s why we’re here. We’ve been around the block (and around the world) when it comes to cruises. We’ve explored the most captivating cities, waded into the surf on world-class beaches, hiked unspoiled landscapes and gazed upon treasured landmarks. So before you book your next cruise, have a look at our picks for the best cruise destinations for every type of traveler.

Best cruise destination for beach lovers: The Caribbean

When it comes to optimal sun, sand and surf, it’s tough to beat the Caribbean. It also helps that every major cruise line offers multiple itineraries in the region, most from November to March but quite a few year-round. You can cruise to the Caribbean from more than 10 U.S. cities — everywhere from New York to Galveston, Texas — although the majority of Caribbean cruises sail from Florida ports: Miami, Fort Lauderdale, Port Canaveral and Tampa.

Which Caribbean islands have the best beaches? It’s impossible to choose since every island is fringed by talcum-soft sand and warm turquoise water and is home to lively beach bars offering music and tropical cocktails that will make your day in the sun all the more fun.

Cruises here are offered in three regions. Eastern Caribbean cruises visit ports including St. Thomas, St. Maarten, Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic and the British Virgin Islands. The Western Caribbean itineraries feature calls on Jamaica, Grand Cayman, Roatan, Cozumel and Costa Maya, Mexico. The Southern Caribbean voyages sail to islands such as St. Lucia, Barbados, Aruba, Bonaire and Curacao.

Many cruise lines also call on Nassau in the Bahamas and their own Bahamian private islands , where beach days are sublime. Some longer itineraries (10 nights or more) also combine Eastern and Southern ports of call with less-visited islands such as St. Kitts and Antigua.

Related: The best Caribbean cruises for every type of traveler

Best cruise destination for history buffs: The Eastern Mediterranean

The Eastern Mediterranean, where it meets the Adriatic, Ionian and Aegean seas, is home to century-spanning sites sure to tempt any history buff. Cruises in this region typically call on Turkey, Greece, Montenegro, Croatia and Italy, while some also visit Israel, Jordan and Cyprus. More than any other region, the Eastern Mediterranean offers cruisers the chance to step back in time simply by stepping off their ship.

For example, cruises often begin in Istanbul, home to the 6th-century Hagia Sophia and the elaborate Blue Mosque, constructed between 1609 and 1616. Ports of call also in Turkey may include Kusadasi for the nearby Roman city of Ephesus and its wondrous Library of Celsus. In Greece, medieval and Venetian architecture are thoughtfully preserved in the islands of Rhodes and Corfu, respectively. Your cruise might end in Athens, site of the 2,500-year-old Parthenon and its antiquities.

Or you can cruise from Venice, with its splendid 11th-century Basilica of San Marco and palazzo-lined canals, across the Adriatic to the coast of Croatia. These sailings typically call on Split (home to Diocletian’s Palace, which dates to the 4 th century) and Dubrovnik (with its postcard-perfect 13th-century walled Old Town), as well as the island nation of Malta (realm of the Knights of St. John).

If Israel and Jordan are must-visits, look for a cruise with Holy Lands in its title. These sailings often depart from Athens and also call on several Greek islands and Cyprus.

Related: Best Mediterranean cruises for every type of traveler

Best cruise destination for outdoor adventurers: Alaska

The 49 th State is a vast 665,400-square-mile wilderness. It offers an incredible 46,600 miles of coastline (longer than the shorelines of all the lower 48 states combined) and a unique and plentiful mix of wildlife. An Alaska cruise offers true outdoor adventure.

In port, choose from hiking amid boreal forests to sea kayaking among seals and sea otters. You can fish for salmon (and have it shipped home), zipline above a landscape inhabited by black bears and gaze down at massive glaciers from a seaplane or helicopter (and even land atop one).

Have a less-adventurous travel companion? They can pan for gold, ride a vintage train and dog-sled (and afterward cuddle adorable husky pups).

The Pacific Northwest port cities of Seattle, Washington and Vancouver, British Columbia are the gateways for the majority of Alaska cruises. Inside Passage itineraries are the most popular and cruise lines offer these sailings from May through September .

On a round-trip cruise, you’ll call on Juneau, Alaska’s remote capital that’s reachable solely by sea or air and offers access to Mendenhall Glacier. Other top ports are Ketchikan, known for wet-suit snorkeling and floatplane flightseeing; Skagway, where you can combine an invigorating hike and a relaxing river float trip; and Icy Strait Point, a top spot for sea kayaking and whale watching.

A highlight for many passengers is scenic cruising in Glacier Bay National Park . This 3.3-million-acre national park is home to more than 1,000 glaciers, including the accessible and photogenic Margerie Glacier, which extends 21 miles from the mountains to the bay. Have your camera ready to capture the action as huge chunks of Windex-blue ice calve off of its 250-foot-high face with a thunderous crack and crash into the frigid waters below.

Related: The best Alaska cruise for every type of traveler

Best cruise destination for honeymooners: French Polynesia

Lagoons that shimmer in a mosaic of the purest blues imaginable, palm-fringed islets comprised solely of pristine white sand, and Polynesian culture steeped in heart-pounding song and dance make a cruise through the islands of French Polynesia ideal for honeymooners. Tahiti and the other Society Islands — Moorea, Bora Bora, Raiatea, Huahine and Taha’a — offer a setting for celebratory romance that’s scenic and sensual.

Most cruises through the Societies are seven or 10 nights, with mornings spent exploring an island’s lush landscape by 4×4, visiting vanilla or black pearl farms or venturing into the lagoon for snorkeling excursions or shark and stingray feedings. In the afternoon, laze by your ship’s pool or give stand-up paddleboarding a try. Diving here is also superb, so couples who are certified can experience the thrill of underwater life beyond the lagoon.

On a cultural level, couples cruising through the islands of Tahiti can try new foods such as breadfruit and poisson cru (raw fish marinated in coconut and lime juice), melt into a state of blissful relaxation with traditional taurumi massage, and experience the soul-stirring drumbeats of Polynesian dance. Be sure to pluck a plumeria blossom and place it behind your left ear — to signify that your heart is spoken for.

Related: 7 things to do in French Polynesia that don’t involve romance or over-water bungalows

Best cruise destination for city explorers: The Baltic

The sophisticated capitals of Scandinavia — Copenhagen, Stockholm, Oslo and Helsinki — plus other coastal cities such as Tallinn, Estonia and Gdansk, Poland, are each compelling in their own right. So, imagine the rush of urban euphoria you’ll feel while exploring all of them on a Baltic (or Northern Europe) cruise from May through September.

While itineraries range from seven to 14 nights and the ports visited vary by cruise line, most sailings call on Copenhagen, Stockholm, Helsinki and Tallinn. The Danish capital is a fascinating blend of imperial palaces, photogenic landmarks (including the vibrant waterfront of Nyhavn and the Victorian-era Tivoli Gardens) and modern culinary and design innovations.

Equally captivating is Stockholm, where a stroll through Old Town (Gamla Stan) will take you back to medieval times. A visit to the one-of-a-kind Vasa Museum offers a fascinating glimpse at a doomed 17th-century wooden warship, and a few hours in the ABBA Museum will have you humming the band’s hits for hours afterward.

Then there’s Helsinki. Expect to be charmed by this quirky city with its unpronounceable street names, elegant Esplanade and cache of unique churches (among them the red-brick Uspenski Cathedral and the Temppeliaukion Church, aka the Church of the Rock). And Tallinn? The city’s remarkably intact medieval Old Town is a UNESCO World Heritage Site encircled by red-capped storybook-style towers. Easily explored on foot, it’s home to architectural landmarks that include Gothic-spired churches, Hanseatic merchant houses and a Pseudo-Russian cathedral.

Related: Best European cruises: 6 ships that stand out across the pond

Best cruise destination for the culturally curious: Japan

A single-country cruise itinerary gives you a chance to enjoy a deeper dive into local culture. One of the most popular destinations for this type of immersive experience is Japan. As an island nation, it has a wealth of ports that can be explored on 12- to 14-night circle-island sailings offered by both large-ship and small-luxury cruise lines.

From the bright lights and youthful energy of modern Tokyo, an itinerary will visit 10 or so Japanese cities. Your ship will also call on Busan, South Korea as required by maritime regulations.

Kobe is your access point for Kyoto, with its temples and gardens, while Shimizu is your gateway to scenic Mt. Fuji. Visit the moving Peace Memorial Park honoring the tragedy of WWII in Hiroshima and historic Hirosaki Castle in Aomori. In Kanazawa, explore the well-preserved samurai and geisha districts. Don’t miss Sakaiminato, famous for its seafood and the Izumo-taisha Grand Shrine.

Along with enjoying Japan’s top sights on guided excursions, you’ll also have a chance to experience the country’s traditional music and dance, visit museums filled with centuries of art and soak in thermal hot springs. Be sure to sample culinary specialties, from udon noodles and sake to elaborate kaiseki multi-course feasts. Even better — you can do it all while only having to unpack once.

Best cruise destination for nature lovers: Panama Canal & Central America

Yes, the Panama Canal is manmade, but it cuts across 82 miles of Central American jungle on the isthmus of Panama to connect the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. A transit of the circa-1914 original or the 2016 extension takes a single day. The remainder of the cruise will be spent calling on ports in Costa Rica, Guatemala, Colombia (historic coastal Cartagena), Mexico and the Caribbean.

That means there’s plenty of nature to appreciate. Some ships will spend a day in Colon, Panama, which offers access to Chagres National Park and the Gamboa Rainforest Preserve. Both are home to indigenous species such as toucans, coatimundis and monkeys.

During a visit to Puntarenas, Costa Rica, the volcanic landscape and surrounding rainforest and cloud forest offer opportunities for hiking, kayaking and spotting native species such as howler monkeys, sloths and crocodiles. Puerto Quetzal, Guatemala is known for its coffee plantations and access to the historic city of Antigua. The region also offers the chance to hike the Pacaya Volcano or visit the ancient Mayan site of Iximche.

In the Caribbean, some Panama Canal itineraries call on one of the ABC Islands (Aruba, Bonaire or Curacao) while others visit Grand Cayman, where stellar snorkeling and diving (and interaction with the playful residents of Stingray City) are top activities. On Mexico’s Pacific Coast, ports might include Huatulco, offering access to an iguana sanctuary and ecological park, or Puerto Vallarta, where you can enjoy a snorkel trip to Los Arcos de Mismaloya.

Related: The best time to cruise the Panama Canal

Best cruise destination for food and wine aficionados: Western Mediterranean

Italy, France and Spain are all celebrated for their distinctive cuisines and award-winning wines, which makes a Western Mediterranean itinerary perfect for culinary enthusiasts.

The fact that the region’s top cruise ports are the birthplaces of foodie favorites such as paella, pizza, spaghetti alla carbonara and moules-frites makes a cruise here a delicious indulgence. You can eat your fill of local cuisine in places such as Barcelona and Valencia in Spain, Marseille and Saint-Tropez in France, and Livorno (for Florence and Pisa), Rome and Naples in Italy.

Add in the Western Med’s top island ports, and it’s impossible to cruise here without enjoying some of the world’s most memorable foods and flavors. Olives and olive oil are an art form on the Spanish island of Mallorca, while wild boar is a rustic favorite on the French island of Corsica. The Italian island of Sardinia is known for its strong Cannonau red wine, and Sicily is the birthplace of the famous cannoli.

Some cruise lines are especially attuned to offering their guests local culinary experiences. These take the form of shore excursions (cooking classes, market visits and farm and winery tours) and onboard dinner menus that highlight regional specialties and local wines. FYI: Cruise ships also have fully equipped fitness centers where you can work off all the extra calories you’ll consume.

Related: Western Mediterranean vs. Eastern Mediterranean cruises: Which itinerary will I like more? 

Best cruise destination for bucket-listers: Antarctica

When travelers dusted off their bucket list post-pandemic one of the places they most wanted to visit was Antarctica. The seventh continent, a place that belongs to no single nation but hosts research stations from almost 30, has fascinated adventurers for decades. But the swift expansion of luxury expedition cruising over the past five to seven years has made this frozen polar frontier the “It” destination of the 2020s.

What’s the experience like? On an expedition cruise, generally roundtrip from Ushuaia, Argentina, you’ll first have to cross the Drake Passage, a notoriously rough and windy body of water. Safely on the other side, you’ll arrive at landing points in the South Shetland Islands along the Antarctic Peninsula.

Whether viewing regiments of gleaming icebergs from your ship’s deck or photographing parades of waddling penguins against a surreal landscape of ice while ashore, the experience is like no other. Some expedition itineraries also venture farther south to the continent while longer sailings call on South Georgia Island and/or the Falklands.

Antarctica requires two things of visitors. The first is a healthy budget. Expedition cruises generally start at around $12,000 per person, although some major cruise lines offer scenic cruising in Antarctica — with no landings — for under $3,000 per person. The second is a moderate fitness level to be able to venture ashore in Zodiacs and explore the rugged landscape.

The cruise season spans just five months, from mid-November to March, and you’ll want to book far in advance so you have time to prepare.

Related: Best Antarctica cruise ships exploring the White Continent

Best cruise destination for travelers without a passport: Hawaii

If you’re passport-less or have let yours expire, you can still enjoy a tropical island cruise that’s exotic and yet reassuringly familiar. We’re talking Hawaii, where a seven-night inter-island itinerary visiting four islands doesn’t require that you have a passport. These itineraries are offered year-round aboard Norwegian Cruise Line ’s Pride of America.

Since you’ll be cruising in U.S. territory, you don’t have to worry should you need to leave the cruise early and fly back to the states because of illness or a family emergency. This can be a concern for passengers on round-trip, closed-loop sailings from Florida to the Caribbean or Bahamas who board only with a driver’s license and birth certificate.

Beyond the practical, a Hawaii cruise that begins and ends in Oahu and spends two days on each of the other main islands — Maui, Kauai and the Island of Hawaii (aka the Big Island) — offers plenty of time to enjoy the sights and even experience a cultural evening activity, such as a sunset luau. You’ll also avoid all the inter-island flights required for hotel stays.

Highlights of a Hawaii itinerary include a pre- or post-cruise visit to the historic sites of Pearl Harbor and perhaps even an overnight stay in Waikiki. On Maui, you can enjoy active thrills, such as biking down a switchback road on the volcanic slopes of Haleakala or snorkeling the offshore Molokini Crater.

Kauai is the place to admire the 50 th State’s lushest rainforests and to cruise past the scenic cliffs of the Napali Coast. And with two ports of call on the Island of Hawaii, you’ll enjoy the waterfalls of Hilo (along with access to Volcanoes National Park) and the sunny Kona coast, where snorkel trips and coffee farm visits are popular.

Related: The best Hawaii cruises for every type of traveler

Planning a cruise? Start with these stories:

  • The 5 best cabin locations on any cruise ship
  • The 8 worst cabin locations on any cruise ship
  • 21 tips and tricks that will make your cruise go smoothly
  • 15 ways cruisers waste money
  • What to pack for your first cruise
  • How to get a deal on a cruise

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And when you do spend on dining, you should use a credit card that will maximize your rewards and potentially even score special discounts. Thanks to temporary card bonuses and changes due to coronavirus, you may even be able to score a meal at your favorite restaurant for free. 

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Editorial Disclaimer: Opinions expressed here are the author’s alone, not those of any bank, credit card issuer, airlines or hotel chain, and have not been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by any of these entities.

Best cruise destinations for every type of traveler

Eastern Mediterranean CRUISES

A cruise in the Eastern Mediterranean is a journey through diverse cultures steeped in history, delicious cuisines and ports with some of the best destinations that the Mediterranean has to offer. Discover the regions that make the birthplace of Western Civilisations, with a rich history and cities dating back to the Ancient Greek and Roman Empires . Eastern Mediterranean cruises with MSC will take you through the  Adriatic Sea , where you can explore Italian ports, such as the romantic city of Venice . Take your partner on a gondola tour through the many canals, then set off to St Mark’s square to see the surrounding crowds and the beauty of Byzantine architecture. Venture to Croatia to visit the beautiful city of Dubrovnik and walk through the atmospheric old town, a must-see for any Game of Thrones fans who want to explore the city that Kings’ Landing was based on. For a more serene getaway, travel to Montenegro and enjoy the beaches in Kotor with jaw-dropping views of the landscape. The adventure doesn’t stop there, since an Eastern Mediterranean cruise can also take you to the Aegean Sea where you can find picturesque ports in the G reek Islands . Imagine a day spent with your family, tasting cuisines made with the freshest ingredients, strolling through the cobblestone streets and later taking pictures in Oia the most famous village in Santorini - showcasing its’ blue-and-white Cycladic style that never fails to amaze its’ visitors. For a family gateway, the tranquillity of the Corfu beaches is also an ideal choice. Discover each destination like a local with our  MSC Shore Excursions  and when you return home you will bring with you a treasure trove of memories. Start planning your itineraries today and travel to the Eastern Mediterranean with MSC Cruises to get a taste of breath-taking views of landscapes, historic cities, and some of the most beautiful beaches the Mediterranean has to offer.

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Development [ edit ]

cruise eastern med

The development of the S-400 system began in the late 1980s and was announced by the Russian Air Force in January 1993. [5] On 12 February 1999 successful tests were reported at Kapustin Yar in Astrakhan , and the S-400 was scheduled for deployment by the Russian army in 2001. [6] Alexander Lemanskiy of Almaz-Antey was the Chief Engineer on the S-400 project.

In 2003, it became apparent that the system was not ready for deployment. In August, two high-ranking military officials expressed concern that the S-400 was being tested with older interceptors from the S-300P system and concluded that it was not ready for deployment. [6] The completion of the project was announced in February 2004. In April, a ballistic missile was successfully intercepted in a test of the upgraded 48N6DM missile. [7] [8] The system was approved for service by the government on 28 April 2007. [9] Russia had accepted for service the 40N6 long-range missile for the S-400 air-defence system, a source in the domestic defense industry told TASS news agency in October 2018. [10]

The S-400 Triumf and Pantsir missile system can be integrated into a two-layer defense system. [11] [12]

Components [ edit ]

According to the Almaz-Antey product brochure, [39] the 92N6E multi-function radar acts as the primary radar with an actual detection range of 340 km. An interceptor missile is highly dependent on 92N6E multi-function radar rather than Nebo-SVU high-altitude VHF radar.

The 91N6E panoramic radar [40] has a declared targeting range of 150 km (93 mi) [41] Maximum targeting ranges (detection ranges are wider) are:

  • For a ballistic target (speed of 4800 m/s and a RCS of 0.4 square metres): 200 km (120 mi)
  • For a target with RCS of 4 square metres: 340 km (210 mi) [42]
  • For targeting of strategic-bomber sized types: 340 km (210 mi) [43]

cruise eastern med

The 96L6 high-altitude detector (TSBS) [44] [45] radar and equipment operates independently of the 96L6E low-level radar detector. The 96L6E2 export version can track a maximum of 20 targets, [46] and is resistant to false returns of clutter in mountainous terrain. It can perform the functions of a command post for battalions of S-300 (SA20/20A/20B) [47] or S-400. The 96L6-1 [48] serves as command of S-400 and S-500 batteries.

  • PBU 55K6E command center [49] with a maximum distance between the command center and the battalion of 98ZH6E when re-transmitters are being used is 100 km (62 mi).

Missiles are launched from 5P85TE2 self-propelled launchers or 5P85SE2 trailer launchers operating in conjunction with a BAZ-64022 or MAZ-543 M tractor-trailer. A new type of transporter was introduced in 2014 to improve mobility while reducing fuel consumption. The cost of transporters in 2014 is 8.7 million rubles. [50] The MAZ launcher chassis are reportedly of higher quality than the domestic equivalent. [51]

Missiles [ edit ]

cruise eastern med

One system comprising eight divizion (battalions) can control 72 launchers, with a maximum of 384 missiles [52] (including missiles with a range of less than 250 km [160 mi]). [53] [54] [55] A gas system launches missiles from launch tubes. At 30 metres (98 ft) downrange rocket motor ignition activates. [31] In April 2015, a successful test firing of the missile was conducted at an airborne target at a range of 400 km (250 mi); [56] [57] Transporter Erector Launchers (TELs) carrying the long-range 40N6 may only hold two missiles instead of the typical four due to their large size. [58] Another test recorded a 9M96 missile using an active radar homing head that reached a height of 56 km (35 mi). [59] All missiles are equipped with directed explosion warheads, which increases the probability of complete destruction of aerial targets but are less effective against ballistic targets. [60] In 2016, Russian anti-aircraft missile troops received upgraded guided missiles for S-300 and S-400 defense systems. [61] The anti-aircraft version of the missile system, designed to destroy aircraft, cruise, and ballistic missiles, can also be used against ground targets. [62] The S-400 is able to intercept cruise missiles at a range of only about 40 km (25 mi) due to their low-altitude flight paths. [63]

  • The anti-ballistic missile (ABM) capabilities of the S-400 system are near the maximum allowed under the (now void) Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty .
  • The new anti-ballistic missiles 77N6-N and 77N6-N1 to enter service in 2022 supposedly add inert/kinetic anti-ballistic capability to the S-500 system and are too large for SA-20. [73] The same missiles will also be used by the S-500 , which has a clearly stated anti-BM role. [74]

Missile gallery [ edit ]

9M96E2 SAM at the 2017 MAKS airshow

  • S-400 firing in 2020 at the Ashuluk Training Ground
  • S-400 firing in 2013 at the Ashuluk Training Ground
  • S-400 firing during Kavkaz 2020 exercise

S-300 system family tree [ edit ]

Morpheus defence system [ edit ].

  • A separate independent air defense system, the 42S6 Morfey (Morpheus) is being developed. This system is designated as a short-range air defense system to protect the S-400 from various threats during its terminal phase, and will also act together with the S-350E as a supplement to the S-400. Together, these systems form part of the Russian Aerospace Defence Forces . [75]
  • Development of Morfey started in 2007 and was planned to be introduced in 2013, but was delayed until at least 2015, in 2023 the development is not completed. [76] [77] [78] The missile system consists of omnidirectional 29YA6 radar and 36 missiles. [75] The missiles have up to 10 km (6.2 mi) range and an altitude of up to 3500 m. [75] [79]
  • An external independent target system is in the works (RLS "Niobium"). Mobility looks to be in the 5 minute range. It uses multiple frequency capability (band S and UHF) with a declared detection parameter of a 1 square meter RCS at 430 km (270 mi) including a target speed of 8000 km/h (4791 mph, Mach 6.35). The detection system requires the operator to transfer command of targeting to subordinate systems; in this application, the maximum target speed is obtained by use of the subordinate systems. [80]

Specifications [ edit ]

  • Aerial targets
  • Ballistic missiles with low probability (range up to 3,500 km) [70] [82]
  • All-purpose maximum radial velocity is 4.8 kilometres per second (17,000 km/h; 11,000 mph; Mach 14); absolute limit 5 kilometres per second (18,000 km/h; 11,000 mph; Mach 15), [70] the minimum target speed is zero. [17]
  • System response time 9–10 seconds. [89]
  • The complex can move on roads at 60 km/h (37 mph) and off-road at speeds up to 25 km/h (16 mph). [90]
  • According to the Pravda state newspaper, the price of one battalion (about 7–8 launchers) is US$200 million. [91]

Deployment history [ edit ]

Russia [ edit ].

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A regular S-400 battalion consists of up to eight launchers with 32 missiles and a mobile command post. [ citation needed ]

On 21 May 2007 [ citation needed ] the Russian Air Force announced that S-400 systems would be put on combat duty near the town of Elektrostal in Moscow Oblast , to defend Moscow and Central Russia, by 1 July 2007. [92] On 6 August 2007 the first regiment equipped with S-400 systems entered active service near Elektrostal, according to Channel One Russia. The regiment was the 606th Guards Anti-air Rocket Regiment, 9th PVO Division, 1st PVO Corps, of the Special Purpose Command . [93]

On 8 February 2008 Lt. Gen. Vladimir Sviridov announced that Russia would be replacing the S-300 systems in the northwest of Russia with the S-400. Military experts expect Russia's use of the system as a major component of their ballistic missile defense until 2020. [94]

In September 2006 Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Ivanov announced the purchase of 18 S-400 battalions for internal defense for the period 2007–2015. [95]

On 17 March 2009 Russia's defense minister announced that a second regiment equipped with advanced S-400 Triumf air defense missile systems had been put into combat service. [ citation needed ]

On 26 August 2009 the General Staff said S-400 systems had been deployed in the Russian Far East to counter possible North Korean missile tests and prevent fragments from falling onto Russian territory. [ citation needed ]

In February 2011 a second unit of S-400 missile systems was deployed at Dubrovki, north of Moscow. The 210th Air Defense Regiment consists of two battalions, each deploying eight launch points of four missiles. [ citation needed ] In February 2011, it was also announced that the missile system will be deployed in the southern Kuril Islands . [ citation needed ]

The Baltic Fleet in Kaliningrad received S-400 SAM systems which went into operational status in April 2012. [96] One S-400 divizion is deployed on combat duty in the Russian far east city of Nakhodka . [97]

As of 2012, one system (in Electrostal) was operational, with three more S-400 battalions being deployed. All 56 battalions will be delivered by 2020. [98] [ needs update ] Russia is also setting up two regiments of S-400 in the Eastern Military district. [ citation needed ]

As of September 2013 the Russian Armed Forces had five S-400 regiments: two in Moscow, one in the Pacific fleet, one in the Baltic Fleet, and one in the Southern Military District. Starting in 2014, the army was to receive two to three sets of regimental units of S-400 systems every year. [ citation needed ] Another S-400 regiment was to be put on combat duty around Moscow by the end of 2013. Russia eventually plans to deploy 28 S-400 regiments by 2020, each comprising two or three battalions with four systems each. [ citation needed ]

Russia plans to recommission the Kirov -class battlecruiser Admiral Nakhimov in 2023. Plans called for the installation of the 48N6DMK anti-aircraft missile derived from the land-based S-400. This will extend the Kirov 's air defense from 100 km (62 mi; 54 nmi) to 250 km (160 mi; 130 nmi). [99] [ needs update ] Adm. Vladimir Korolev stated at that time that Russia's Northern Fleet's Coastal Forces had deployed S-400s. [100] [101]

On 1 March 2016 the acting commander of the 14th Air Force and Air Defense Army, major general Vladimir Korytkov, said that six S-400 units had been activated at the air defense formation in Russia's Novosibirsk Oblast . [102] TASS also reported that as of the end of 2015, a total of eleven Russian missile regiments were armed with S-400, and by the end of 2016 their number was expected to increase to sixteen. [102]

In November 2023, the Russian publication Izvestia revealed an issue with the 40N6 missile after some 1,000 units have been ordered. The 40N6 missile relies on a high explosive fragmentation warhead to damage incoming ballistic missiles. The quote from Izvestia says that the 40N6 "hits with pellets of metal fragments and destroys the warhead of the enemy's weapon (ballistic missile)." The same issue also applies to the 9M96 missile. A similar issue arose with the Patriot missile 's PAC-2 missiles during the First Gulf War leading to only a 9% destruction rate against Iraqi launched Scud missiles . The PAC-2 did not use hit-to-kill technology and was replaced in the role of intercepting ballistic missiles with the PAC-3 warhead.

2015 – Syria [ edit ]

It was reported in November 2015 that S-400s would be deployed to Syria along with the contingent of Russian troops and other military hardware in the course of the air campaign conducted by the Russian forces in support of the Syrian government . [103] However, those claims were refuted by Russia. [104] On 25 November 2015 the Russian government announced it would deploy S-400s in Syria as a response to the downing of its Su-24M jet by Turkey. [105] By the next day, deployment of S-400 air defense systems to Syria was underway. [106] The first S-400 unit was activated at the Khmeimim Air Base in Latakia Governorate . [107] In April and July 2017 a second S-400 unit was activated 13 km (8.1 mi) northwest of Masyaf , Hama Governorate . [107] Although these systems are located in Syria, they are under the command of the Russian military and not the Syrian (nor Iranian ) military, [108] making the Russian government liable if used against another state (that is, its use would be considered an attack by Russia rather than Syria).

On 22 May 2018 Israeli Air Force commander Major General Amikam Norkin reported that Israel became the first country in the world to use the F-35I Adir in combat during recent clashes with Iran in Syria . [109] In mid-2020, several media outlets, including Turkish media, questioned the combat capability of the S-400 air defense system. [110] In late December 2021, the Israeli Air Force flew military jets over areas protected by S-400 and Pantsir SAM in Syria and bombed Iran-backed Hezbollah militia based in Latakia . [111] Russia operates a naval base in the port of Tartus , 85 km (53 mi) to the south near the port of Latakia . [112] [113] Considering the engagement range advertised by the Russians, the S-400 could have engaged Israeli aircraft but did not. Neither Russian fighter jets nor the S-400 systems attempted to intercept the Israeli aircraft. [108] It is widely believed that Russia and Israel have an agreement that Israel will guarantee the safety of Russian personnel and assets during its strikes on non-Russian targets in Syria and in return, Russia will not target Israeli aircraft nor repel Israeli strikes. [108]

2022 – Ukraine [ edit ]

Initial Ukrainian sources claimed that, on 25 February 2022, the Su-27 of Ukrainian Colonel Oleksandr Oksanchenko was shot down by an S-400 over Kyiv . [114]

On 14 April 2022, the Russian Defence Ministry claimed that a Ukrainian Mi-8 was shot down by a S-400 near Horodnia , Chernihiv Oblast on its way to an air base following an attack on Russian territory near Klimovo , Bryansk Oblast . [115] [116]

In August 2022, Ukraine claimed that a 92N6E radar used in the S-400 SAM system was destroyed in Kherson region. [117]

On 15 October 2022, a S-400 missile crashed or was shot down in the Grayvoronsky District of Belgorod Oblast, Russia. [118]

On 23 August 2023, GRU released a video of two alleged elements of an S-400 battery being destroyed in Olenivka , Crimea, 120 km (75 mi) south of Kherson, by a barrage of Ukrainian missiles. [119] [120] [121] Ukrainian forces, according to Ukrainian media, used a R-360 Neptune and a drone to destroy the missile’s radar. [122] [123]

On 14 September 2023, Ukraine claimed to have destroyed a Russian S-400’s radar near Yevpatoria , Crimea. [124] On 4 October 2023, Ukrainian kamikaze drone destroyed one radar and a missile launcher of S-400 system in Belgorod region. [125]

In late October 2023, Russian sources claimed that the S-400 was used in conjunction with the Beriev A-50 flying radar to shoot at Ukrainian air targets with new warheads of anti-aircraft guided missiles. [126]

On 9 November 2023, the UK MoD intelligence assessment indicated that due to the destruction of "several" Russian S-400s in Ukraine, Russia may have to redeploy S-400 systems from "distant parts" of Russia's borders to Ukraine. [127]

Russians have been reported to use reprogrammed S-400 missiles to launch ballistic ground-to-ground attacks. In such an attack on 13 December 2023 out of 10 missiles fired at Kyiv, all were supposedly downed, but falling debris still caused some damage in residential regions. The missiles were most likely reprogrammed 48N6. [128] [129]

Belarus [ edit ]

In 2011 State Secretary of the Union State of Russia and Belarus Pavel Borodin stated that Russia will supply the S-400 air defense system to Belarus . [130] On 1 December 2021 Belarus President Alexander Lukashenko , in response to a reporter's question, replied that a Belarusian training center already has S-400 systems. The president said: "Yes. We train our guys in this training center. I'd like to ask the president [of Russia] to leave this system here." [131] In May 2022 Lukashenko further announced the country bought an undisclosed number of S-400 air defense missile systems. [132]

China [ edit ]

In March 2014, it was announced that Russian President Vladimir Putin had given authorization to sell the S-400 system to China . [133] On 13 April 2015, the chief executive of the Russian state-run arms trader Rosoboronexport confirmed that China secured a contract for the purchase of the S-400 air defense system. [134] Delivery of the system began in January 2018. [135] China test fired Russian S-400 systems for the first time in early August 2018. [136] [137] Deliveries were reportedly postponed after the delivery of two S-400 units. [138]

The acquisition of S-400, reported to initially consist of six batteries, improves China's air space defense. A reported 400 km (250 mi) coverage range would allow China's defense to cover all of the Taiwan Straits and the Diaoyu Islands . Taiwan plans countermeasures using signals intelligence units to locate and destroy S-400 systems before they can be used. [139]

Turkey [ edit ]

In late 2017 Turkish and Russian officials signed a US$2.5 billion agreement for delivery of the S-400 air defense system to Turkey . [140] [141] The US Secretary of State raised concerns over the deal, [142] which were rebuffed by President Erdogan and other Turkish officials, citing the US refusal to sell the upgraded MIM-104 Patriot to Turkey, considered to be an important American ally by the US. Turkey received its first installment of the Russian S-400 missile defense system on 12 July 2019. [143] On 17 July 2019, Turkey was suspended from the F-35 program, the US stating "F-35 cannot coexist with a Russian intelligence collection platform that will be used to learn about its advanced capabilities" [144] and on December 14, 2020, the US imposed CAATSA sanctions on Turkey. [145] As of 2020, 4 batteries consisting of 36 fire units and 192 or more missiles were delivered to Turkey. [146]

Turkey has tested the S-400 air defense system against drones and F-16 fighter jets at low altitudes. According to Turkish media, the Turkish military has identified some deficiencies against a slow-moving object at low altitude. [147] [148]  

India [ edit ]

On 15 October 2016, during the BRICS Summit, India and Russia signed an Inter-governmental Agreement (IGA) for the supply of five S-400 regiments to India . [149] The US$5.43 billion deal (₹40,000 crore) was formally signed on 5 October 2018, ignoring the threat of US sanctions. [150] The deliveries were expected to commence by the end of 2020 [151] [152] [153] and brought into service in October 2020. [154]

In March 2021, U.S. Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin discussed India's planned purchase of Russia's S-400 air missile system and warned that the purchase of S-400 could trigger CAATSA sanctions. [155]

The first squadron of S-400 was received by India in December 2021 and deployed in the Punjab sector. [156] Delivery of the second S-400 squadron began from April 2022 onwards and the system deployed on the border facing China in the eastern part of India. [157] Alexander Mikheyev , Rosoboronexport CEO, said "The contract with India is being implemented successfully. In the near future, we will supply a second regiment. The first one has been provided already. More than 200 specialists have been trained. All five regiments will be supplied by the end of 2023". [158] While delivery of the third squadron was planned for November 2022, [159] the third squadron was finally delivered in February 2023. [160]

Delivery of the remaining two systems are likely to be dependent on the resolution of issues such as insurance and establishment of mechanism for balance payments which are delayed due to sanctions on Russia following the 2022 Russian Invasion of Ukraine.However, it was expected that these will be resolved and delivery of balance squadrons completed by late 2023 or early 2024, [161] later revised to August 2026. [162] [163] [164]

Foreign interest [ edit ]

Saudi arabia [ edit ].

In September 2009 the S-400 was reportedly part of a US$2 billion arms deal between Russia and Saudi Arabia . [165] The Saudis wanted to acquire the S-400, but Russia was only willing to sell S-300 air defense system at the time. [166] By November 2019 the deal had still not been finalized. [167] Saudi Arabia is no longer considering the Russian S-400 air defense system, following the kingdom's deal for an American alternative. The American Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system has been cleared for sale to the Saudis by the U.S. State Department cleared the THAAD estimated at $15 billion in 2017 dollars. [168]

Iran [ edit ]

In June 2019 some Iranian officials expressed interest in procuring the S-400 missile system to further improve its defense capabilities along with the previously purchased S-300PMU2 . Russia stated at the time it was ready to sell the S-400 system to Iran if an official request was made. [ citation needed ]

Egypt [ edit ]

In February 2017 Sergey Chemezov , CEO of Rostec , stated that Egypt was interested in the S-400 air defense system. He explained that Russia offered to sell Egypt either the Antey-2500 or S-400. According to Chemezov, the negotiations were delayed due to Egypt's financial issues. [169]

Iraq [ edit ]

In February 2018 Iraqi Minister of Foreign Affairs Ibrahim al-Jaafari confirmed ongoing rumors that his country had shown interest in the S-400 and that negotiations with Russia were underway. [170] [171] [172] In May 2019 Iraq's ambassador to Russia, Haidar Mandour Hadi, said the Iraqi government had decided to procure the S-400 air defense system. [173]

Qatar [ edit ]

In January 2018 Russian state media TASS reported that Qatar was in an advanced state of talks to procure the S-400 air defense system. [174] [175]

United States [ edit ]

In June 2020 United States senator John Thune proposed an amendment to the (ultimately unsuccessful) Senate version of the 2021 National Defense Authorization Act to allow the US Department of Defense to purchase Turkey's S-400 system with funds from the U.S. Army 's missile procurement account, [176] thus negating Turkey's contravention of the CAATSA sanctions. [177] This was an attempt to allow Turkey to re-enter the F-35 Lightning II acquisition and ownership program. [177]

Serbia [ edit ]

Serbia has also expressed interest in the system. [178] [179]

Foreign variant [ edit ]

South korea [ edit ].

South Korea is developing the KM-SAM , a medium-range SAM system based on technology from the 9M96 missile, with assistance from NPO Almaz . The prime contractor is Hanwha Group (formerly Samsung-Thales, a defunct joint venture between South Korea's Samsung and France's Thales ). [180] The KM-SAM will consist of an X-band multifunction radar vehicle built by Hanwha in technical cooperation with Almaz, [181] with fire control and TEL vehicles built by Doosan . [182] Missiles will be provided by LIG Nex1 . [183]

Operators [ edit ]

Current operators [ edit ].

cruise eastern med

  • Algerian People's National Army – First S-400 units delivered in September 2021. [189]

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  • Belarusian Armed Forces – Contract signed in May 2022 and executed in December. [132] [190]

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  • People's Liberation Army Air Force – Contract signed in September 2014, deliveries of units began in January 2018, and are being introduced. [191] [192] [185]

cruise eastern med

  • Indian Air Force – A contract was signed in October 2018 during an official meeting between Russia's President Vladimir Putin and India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi in New Delhi. The deal, worth of $US5.43 billion, includes delivery of the 1st regiment of the S-400 beginning November 2021. India deployed the 1st regiment of the S-400 in April 2022. 3 regiments delivered, with 2 more to join by August 2026. [163] [164]

cruise eastern med

  • 3 battalions of the 210th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment, Dmitrov [193] [194] [195]
  • 3 battalions of the 606th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment, Elektrostal [196] [197]
  • 2 battalions of the 93rd Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment, Zvenigorod [198]
  • 2 battalions of the 549th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment, Podolsk [199]
  • 2 battalions of the 584th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment, Zelenograd [200]
  • 2 battalions of the 500th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment, Gostilitsy [201]
  • 2 battalions of the 1488th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment , Zelenogorsk [200]
  • 2 battalions of the 1489th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment , Vaganovo [202]
  • 4 battalions of the 1490th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment , Ulyanovka [203]
  • 2 battalions of the 1544th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment, Luga [204]
  • 2 battalions of the 183rd Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment, Kaliningrad [205]
  • 2 battalions of the 1545th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment, Kaliningrad Oblast [206]
  • 2 battalions of the 589th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment, Nakhodka [207]
  • 3 battalions of the 1532nd Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky [208] [209] [210]
  • 2 battalions of the 1533th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment, Vladivostok [211]
  • 2 battalions of the 1530th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment, Khabarovsk [212]
  • 2 battalions of the 1724th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk [213]
  • 2 battalions of the 1536th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment, Rostov-on-Don [187]
  • 2 battalions of the 1537th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment, Novorossiysk [214]
  • 2 battalions of the 18th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment, Feodosia , Crimea [200]
  • 2 battalions of the 12th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment, Sevastopol , Crimea
  • 2 battalions of the 590th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment, Novosibirsk [ citation needed ]
  • 2 battalions of the 511th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment, Engels [215]
  • 1 battalion of the 507th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment, Saratov [215]
  • 2 battalions of the 568th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment, Samara [216]
  • 2 battalions of the 185th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment, Yekaterinburg [217]
  • 2 battalions of the 33th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment, Rogachevo [187]
  • 2 battalions of the 531st Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment, Murmansk [218] [219]
  • 2 battalions of the 1528th Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Arkhangelsk Oblast [ citation needed ]
  • 3 battalions of the 414th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment, Tiksi [ citation needed ]

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  • 15th Missile Base Command ( 15. Füze Üs Komutanlığı ) ( Alemdağ - Istanbul ) [221]
  • 20th Missile Base Command ( 20. Füze Üs Komutanlığı ) ( Birecik - Şanlıurfa ) [222]
  • Possible future base in Anamur - Mersin [223]

Gallery [ edit ]

S-400's 92N2 radar and 5P85T2

See also [ edit ]

  • List of surface-to-air missiles
  • S-300 missile system
  • S-300VM missile system
  • S-350 missile system
  • S-500 missile system
  • Medium Extended Air Defense System
  • MIM-104 Patriot
  • Comparison of anti-ballistic missile systems

External links [ edit ]

cruise eastern med

  • S-400 Triumf | CSIS Missile Threat
  • www.almaz-antey
  • Radar S-400 (basic and potential as Protivnik-GE, Gamma-DE) their exact specifications and photos, indicated target size, height and distance, resistance to interference and anti-stealth capabilities, time to deployment, and other details.
  • Almaz S-400 Triumf
  • German: S-400 at www.dtig.org
  • A lot of photos of all elements S-400 from various foreshortenings (copy prohibited). Photos can be enlarged fullscreen
  • www.ausairpower.net

cruise eastern med

  • 21st-century surface-to-air missiles
  • Almaz-Antey products
  • Anti-ballistic missiles of Russia
  • Military equipment introduced in the 2000s
  • Missile defense
  • Surface-to-air missiles of Russia
  • Pages using the Graph extension
  • Pages with disabled graphs
  • CS1 Russian-language sources (ru)
  • CS1 uses Russian-language script (ru)
  • CS1 French-language sources (fr)
  • Webarchive template wayback links
  • CS1 Ukrainian-language sources (uk)
  • CS1 Czech-language sources (cs)
  • Articles with short description
  • Short description is different from Wikidata
  • EngvarB from April 2017
  • Use dmy dates from April 2020
  • Articles containing Russian-language text
  • All articles with unsourced statements
  • Articles with unsourced statements from February 2023
  • Wikipedia articles in need of updating from May 2020
  • All Wikipedia articles in need of updating
  • Articles with unsourced statements from December 2021
  • Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020
  • Commons category link from Wikidata
  • Articles containing German-language text
  • Toggle limited content width


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